How to format your references using the AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Radford, T.: Of course scientists can communicate. Nature. 469, 445 (2011)
A journal article with 2 authors
Ronald, P.C., Beutler, B.: Plant and animal sensors of conserved microbial signatures. Science. 330, 1061–1064 (2010)
A journal article with 3 authors
Suttle, K.B., Thomsen, M.A., Power, M.E.: Species interactions reverse grassland responses to changing climate. Science. 315, 640–642 (2007)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Meier, M.F., Dyurgerov, M.B., Rick, U.K., O’neel, S., Pfeffer, W.T., Anderson, R.S., Anderson, S.P., Glazovsky, A.F.: Glaciers dominate eustatic sea-level rise in the 21st century. Science. 317, 1064–1067 (2007)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cheng, V.S., Tong, J.C.: Building Sustainability in East Asia. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2017)
An edited book
Tomitori, M., Bhushan, B., Fuchs, H. eds: Applied Scanning Probe Methods IX: Characterization. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2008)
A chapter in an edited book
Buscarini, E., Manfredi, G.: Percutaneous Ultrasound Guided Interventional Procedures in Pancreatic Diseases. In: D’Onofrio, M. (ed.) Ultrasonography of the Pancreas: Imaging and Pathologic Correlations. pp. 47–53. Springer, Milano (2012)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: “Diamond” Planets May Be More Abundant Than Predicted,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Education: Strategic Planning Needed to Better Manage Overlapping Programs across Multiple Agencies. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2012)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
De la Pena Wing, T.: Remembering Malintzin’s dream: A bridge between two cultures through language and love, (2010)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Card, J.: A River With Too Many Fish, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Radford 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Radford 2011; Ronald and Beutler 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ronald and Beutler 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Meier et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleAStA Advances in Statistical Analysis
AbbreviationAdv. Stat. Anal.
ISSN (print)1863-8171
ISSN (online)1863-818X
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Applied Mathematics
Modelling and Simulation
Statistics and Probability
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

Other styles