How to format your references using the AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Basnyat, B.: Tackle Nepal’s typhoid problem now. Nature. 524, 267 (2015)
A journal article with 2 authors
Wodarz, D., Zauber, A.G.: Cancer: Risk factors and random chances. Nature. 517, 563–564 (2015)
A journal article with 3 authors
Aravin, A.A., Hannon, G.J., Brennecke, J.: The Piwi-piRNA pathway provides an adaptive defense in the transposon arms race. Science. 318, 761–764 (2007)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Charnoz, S., Porco, C.C., Déau, E., Brahic, A., Spitale, J.N., Bacques, G., Baillie, K.: Cassini discovers a kinematic spiral ring around Saturn. Science. 310, 1300–1304 (2005)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wolf, K.H., Barnes, R.: VoIP Emergency Calling. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2010)
An edited book
Wellmer, F.-W.: Economic Evaluations in Exploration. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2008)
A chapter in an edited book
Tong, C.K., Yong, P.K.: Personalism and Paternalism in Chinese Business. In: Tong, C.-K. (ed.) Chinese Business: Rethinking Guanxi and Trust in Chinese Business Networks. pp. 63–76. Springer, Singapore (2014)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis.

Blog post
Carpineti, C.: This Awesome Omnicopter Drone Can Play Catch,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites: Improvements Needed in Continuity Planning and Involvement of Key Users. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2010)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Miller, D.B.: Nurse educators’ leadership styles and nurse graduates’ licensure passage rates, (2009)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, S.: From the Ruins of Sarajevo to Stardom at Princeton, (2000)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Basnyat 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Basnyat 2015; Wodarz and Zauber 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wodarz and Zauber 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Charnoz et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleAStA Advances in Statistical Analysis
AbbreviationAdv. Stat. Anal.
ISSN (print)1863-8171
ISSN (online)1863-818X
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Applied Mathematics
Modelling and Simulation
Statistics and Probability
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

Other styles