How to format your references using the AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ruiz, J.: The early heat loss evolution of Mars and their implications for internal and environmental history. Sci. Rep. 4, 4338 (2014)
A journal article with 2 authors
Han, S., Brunet, A.: Cell biology. Lysosomal lipid lengthens life span. Science. 347, 32–33 (2015)
A journal article with 3 authors
Xiang, C., Chan, C.-K., Wang, J.: Proposal and numerical study of ultra-compact active hybrid plasmonic resonator for sub-wavelength lasing applications. Sci. Rep. 4, 3720 (2014)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chavez, F.P., Ryan, J., Lluch-Cota, S.E., Niquen C, M.: From anchovies to sardines and back: multidecadal change in the Pacific Ocean. Science. 299, 217–221 (2003)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Radoine, H.: Architecture in Context. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2017)
An edited book
Johnston, R.J., Rolfe, J., Rosenberger, R.S., Brouwer, R. eds: Benefit Transfer of Environmental and Resource Values: A Guide for Researchers and Practitioners. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2015)
A chapter in an edited book
Schmitt, D., Gollnick, V.: Aircraft Characteristics. In: Gollnick, V. (ed.) Air Transport System. pp. 107–155. Springer, Vienna (2016)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis.

Blog post
Hamilton, K.: Low Testosterone May Make You A Better Father,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Applying Agreed-Upon Procedures: Fiscal Year 2008 Highway Trust Fund Excise Taxes. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2008)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Davidson, J.M.: Transitional age youth—a program expansion to enhance existing services in Sonoma County: A grant-writing project, (2010)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hansen, K.: Even a Rock Star Has to Be Careful, (2013)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ruiz 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Han and Brunet 2015; Ruiz 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Han and Brunet 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Chavez et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleAStA Advances in Statistical Analysis
AbbreviationAdv. Stat. Anal.
ISSN (print)1863-8171
ISSN (online)1863-818X
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Applied Mathematics
Modelling and Simulation
Statistics and Probability
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

Other styles