How to format your references using the Asian Geographer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asian Geographer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cook, Nicholas. 2008. “Beyond the Notes.” Nature 453 (7199): 1186–1187.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kuroda, Hiroshi, and Pal Maliga. 2003. “The Plastid ClpP1 Protease Gene Is Essential for Plant Development.” Nature 425 (6953): 86–89.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bai, T., D. D. Pollard, and H. Gao. 2000. “Explanation for Fracture Spacing in Layered Materials.” Nature 403 (6771): 753–756.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Vassylyev, Dmitry G., Marina N. Vassylyeva, Jinwei Zhang, Murali Palangat, Irina Artsimovitch, and Robert Landick. 2007. “Structural Basis for Substrate Loading in Bacterial RNA Polymerase.” Nature 448 (7150): 163–168.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hooker, John. 2000. Logic-Based Methods for Optimization. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Campolongo, Patrizia, and Liana Fattore, eds. 2015. Cannabinoid Modulation of Emotion, Memory, and Motivation. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
De, L. C., A. N. Rao, and D. R. Singh. 2016. “Endangered Orchids and Their Conservation in North East India.” In Bioprospecting of Indigenous Bioresources of North-East India, edited by Jubilee Purkayastha, 61–75. Research Extension Series No. 105. Singapore: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asian Geographer.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “How Did The Turtle Get Its Shell? Fossil Discovery Gives Us A Clue.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1977. Navigation Systems. 094674. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tam, Rachel. 2013. “Adaptation of AspectJ for C Sharp.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, Caitlin. 2013. “Where the Artists Are the Superheroes.” New York Times, April 28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cook 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Cook 2008; Kuroda and Maliga 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kuroda and Maliga 2003)
  • Three authors: (Bai, Pollard, and Gao 2000)
  • 4 or more authors: (Vassylyev et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleAsian Geographer
AbbreviationAsian Geogr.
ISSN (print)1022-5706
ISSN (online)2158-1762

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