How to format your references using the Asian Geographer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asian Geographer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chakravarty, Sudip. 2008. “Physics. From Complexity to Simplicity.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 319 (5864): 735–736.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zanetti, Maurizio, and Navin R. Mahadevan. 2012. “Cancer. Immune Surveillance from Chromosomal Chaos?” Science (New York, N.Y.) 337 (6102): 1616–1617.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tarduno, J. A., R. D. Cottrell, and A. V. Smirnov. 2001. “High Geomagnetic Intensity during the Mid-Cretaceous from Thellier Analyses of Single Plagioclase Crystals.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 291 (5509): 1779–1783.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Gandal, Michael J., Jillian R. Haney, Neelroop N. Parikshak, Virpi Leppa, Gokul Ramaswami, Chris Hartl, Andrew J. Schork, et al. 2018. “Shared Molecular Neuropathology across Major Psychiatric Disorders Parallels Polygenic Overlap.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 359 (6376): 693–697.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hanzo, L., and T. Keller. 2006. OFDM and MC-CDMA. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Qi, Luo, ed. 2009. Applied Computing, Computer Science, and Advanced Communication: First International Conference on Future Computer and Communication, FCC 2009, Wuhan, China, June 6-7, 2009. Proceedings. Vol. 34. Communications in Computer and Information Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Homburg, Christian, Heiko Schäfer, and Janna Schneider. 2012. “Sales Channels and Sales Partners: Designing the Route to the Customer.” In Sales Excellence: Systematic Sales Management, edited by Heiko Schäfer and Janna Schneider, 45–59. Management for Professionals. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asian Geographer.

Blog post
Hale, Tom. 2016. “Man Drinks Five Energy Drinks A Day And Develops Hepatitis.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1998. Information Technology: Assessment of the Commerce Department’s Report on Worker Demand and Supply. T-HEHS-98-144. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Buckowski, Melanie. 2009. “A Wave of Navy Blue Churning.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B Y Robert Kelly;, who teaches at Bard College, is a Poet Whose, ’ ’not This Island Music, and ’ ’ Will be Published. 1986. “A LOVE AFFAIR WITH SILENCE.” New York Times, November 9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chakravarty 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Chakravarty 2008; Zanetti and Mahadevan 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zanetti and Mahadevan 2012)
  • Three authors: (Tarduno, Cottrell, and Smirnov 2001)
  • 4 or more authors: (Gandal et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleAsian Geographer
AbbreviationAsian Geogr.
ISSN (print)1022-5706
ISSN (online)2158-1762

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