How to format your references using the Asian Geographer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asian Geographer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bell, G. 2001. “Neutral Macroecology.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 293 (5539): 2413–2418.
A journal article with 2 authors
Subramaniam, S., and R. Henderson. 2000. “Molecular Mechanism of Vectorial Proton Translocation by Bacteriorhodopsin.” Nature 406 (6796): 653–657.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cronin, T. W., R. L. Caldwell, and J. Marshall. 2001. “Sensory Adaptation. Tunable Colour Vision in a Mantis Shrimp.” Nature 411 (6837): 547–548.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Yang, Hua, Weiyi Ma, Diankun Gong, Jiehui Hu, and Dezhong Yao. 2014. “A Longitudinal Study on Children’s Music Training Experience and Academic Development.” Scientific Reports 4 (July): 5854.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sahinoglu, Mehmet. 2016. Cyber-Risk Informatics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Gulliver, John S., ed. 2012. Transport and Fate of Chemicals in the Environment: Selected Entries from the Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Srivastava, Praveen Ranjan, Mahesh Ray, Julian Dermoudy, Byeong-Ho Kang, and Tai-Hoon Kim. 2009. “Test Case Minimization and Prioritization Using CMIMX Technique.” In Advances in Software Engineering: International Conference on Advanced Software Engineering and Its Applications, ASEA 2009 Held as Part of the Future Generation Information Technology Conference, FGIT 2009, Jeju Island, Korea, December 10-12, 2009. Proceedings, edited by Dominik Ślęzak, Tai-Hoon Kim, Akingbehin Kiumi, Tao Jiang, June Verner, and Silvia Abrahão, 25–33. Communications in Computer and Information Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asian Geographer.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, Jonathan. 2017. “NASA Pretended Neptune Was An Exoplanet To Improve Our Chances Of Finding Life.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1978. Challenges of Protecting Personal Information in an Expanding Federal Computer Network Environment. LCD-76-102. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stott, Nina Michelle. 2012. “Beta Cell Compensatory Factors in Nicotinic Acid-Induced Insulin Resistance.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, Mary. 2013. “Long Security Lines Surprise Fans.” New York Times, August 27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bell 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Bell 2001; Subramaniam and Henderson 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Subramaniam and Henderson 2000)
  • Three authors: (Cronin, Caldwell, and Marshall 2001)
  • 4 or more authors: (Yang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAsian Geographer
AbbreviationAsian Geogr.
ISSN (print)1022-5706
ISSN (online)2158-1762

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