How to format your references using the Asian Geographer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asian Geographer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bloom, Paul. 2010. “How Do Morals Change?” Nature 464 (7288): 490.
A journal article with 2 authors
Knouse, Kristin A., and Angelika Amon. 2015. “Cell Biology: The Micronucleus Gets Its Big Break.” Nature 522 (7555): 162–163.
A journal article with 3 authors
Maamar, Hédia, Arjun Raj, and David Dubnau. 2007. “Noise in Gene Expression Determines Cell Fate in Bacillus Subtilis.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 317 (5837): 526–529.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Bast, Holger, Stefan Funke, Peter Sanders, and Dominik Schultes. 2007. “Fast Routing in Road Networks with Transit Nodes.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 316 (5824): 566.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cauvin, Colette, Francisco Escobar, and Aziz Serradj. 2010. New Approaches in Thematic Cartography. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Tavano, Alessandro. 2013. Protocollo MEC: Protocollo Montréal per La Valutazione Delle Abilità Comunicative. Edited by Hélène Côté, Perrine Ferré, Bernadette Ska, and Yves Joanette. Milano: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Murthy, D. N. P., and Nat Jack. 2014. “EWs/MSCs: An Overview.” In Extended Warranties, Maintenance Service and Lease Contracts: Modeling and Analysis for Decision-Making, edited by Nat Jack, 91–125. Springer Series in Reliability Engineering. London: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asian Geographer.

Blog post
Davis, Josh. 2017. “Adults Retain Understanding Of Their Birth Language, Even If They Have Never Spoken It.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2004. Office of Federal Student Aid: Better Strategic and Human Capital Planning Would Help Sustain Management Progress. GAO-05-31. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Edwards, Joseph Walter. 2006. “The Relation Between Expressed Emotion and Adolescent Psychopathology.” Doctoral dissertation, Columbus, OH: Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, Michael. 2017. “Fixing Geffen Hall? Ask Ohio.” New York Times, October 17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bloom 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Bloom 2010; Knouse and Amon 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Knouse and Amon 2015)
  • Three authors: (Maamar, Raj, and Dubnau 2007)
  • 4 or more authors: (Bast et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleAsian Geographer
AbbreviationAsian Geogr.
ISSN (print)1022-5706
ISSN (online)2158-1762

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