How to format your references using the Asian Ethnicity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asian Ethnicity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lubensky, T. C. “LIQUID CRYSTALS: New Banana Phases.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 288, no. 5474 (June 23, 2000): 2146–47.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hughes, Adam L., and Daniel E. Gottschling. “An Early Age Increase in Vacuolar PH Limits Mitochondrial Function and Lifespan in Yeast.” Nature 492, no. 7428 (December 13, 2012): 261–65.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen, Jer Ming, John Smith, and Joe Wolfe. “Experienced Saxophonists Learn to Tune Their Vocal Tracts.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 319, no. 5864 (February 8, 2008): 776.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Boudker, Olga, Renae M. Ryan, Dinesh Yernool, Keiko Shimamoto, and Eric Gouaux. “Coupling Substrate and Ion Binding to Extracellular Gate of a Sodium-Dependent Aspartate Transporter.” Nature 445, no. 7126 (January 25, 2007): 387–93.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mason, Robert P. Trace Metals in Aquatic Systems. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2013.
An edited book
Iliadis, Lazaros, Ilias Maglogiannis, and Harris Papadopoulos, eds. Artificial Intelligence Applications and Innovations: 10th IFIP WG 12.5 International Conference, AIAI 2014, Rhodes, Greece, September 19-21, 2014. Proceedings. Vol. 436. IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Endrullis, Jörg, Clemens Grabmayer, Dimitri Hendriks, Jan Willem Klop, and Roel de Vrijer. “Proving Infinitary Normalization.” In Types for Proofs and Programs: International Conference, TYPES 2008 Torino, Italy, March 26-29, 2008 Revised Selected Papers, edited by Stefano Berardi, Ferruccio Damiani, and Ugo de’Liguoro, 64–82. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2009.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asian Ethnicity.

Blog post
Carpineti, Alfredo. “The Great Red Spot Takes Center Stage In New Jupiter Picture.” IFLScience. IFLScience, January 16, 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Surface Transportation: Efforts to Address Highway Congestion through Real-Time Traffic Information Systems Are Expanding but Face Implementation Challenges.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, November 30, 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Harrison, Adam B. “Knowing the Familiar.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, Mary Williams. “Treasury Hid A.I.G. Loss, Report Says.” New York Times, October 26, 2010.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleAsian Ethnicity
ISSN (print)1463-1369
ISSN (online)1469-2953
ScopeSociology and Political Science
Cultural Studies

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