How to format your references using the Asian Ethnicity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asian Ethnicity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rice, Jocelyn. “Metastasis: The Rude Awakening.” Nature 485, no. 7400 (May 30, 2012): S55-7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lujambio, Amaia, and Scott W. Lowe. “The Microcosmos of Cancer.” Nature 482, no. 7385 (February 15, 2012): 347–55.
A journal article with 3 authors
Malmgren, R. Dean, Julio M. Ottino, and Luís A. Nunes Amaral. “The Role of Mentorship in Protégé Performance.” Nature 465, no. 7298 (June 3, 2010): 622–26.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Budrovic, Zeljka, Helena Van Swygenhoven, Peter M. Derlet, Steven Van Petegem, and Bernd Schmitt. “Plastic Deformation with Reversible Peak Broadening in Nanocrystalline Nickel.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 304, no. 5668 (April 9, 2004): 273–76.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tian, Jeff. Software Quality Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2005.
An edited book
Pelliccione, Matthew. Evolution of Thin Film Morphology: Modeling and Simulations. Edited by Toh-Ming Lu. Vol. 108. Materials Science. New York, NY: Springer, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Nowicki, Bogdan, and Stella Nowicki. “DAF as a Therapeutic Target for Steroid Hormones: Implications for Host–Pathogen Interactions.” In Complement Therapeutics, edited by John D. Lambris, V. Michael Holers, and Daniel Ricklin, 83–96. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Boston, MA: Springer US, 2013.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asian Ethnicity.

Blog post
Andrews, Robin. “Swearing Makes You Physically Stronger, According To Strange Study.” IFLScience. IFLScience, May 5, 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Equal Employment Opportunity: Actions Needed for FAA to Implement Committee Recommendations in the Airline Industry.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, August 18, 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Amanoua, Koffi Prosper. “Langue et Identité Dans Les Milieux Populaires Québécois et Antillais.” Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Robbins, Liz. “Despite ‘Sanctuary City’ Policy, Mayor Says New York Complies With U.S. Law.” New York Times, June 29, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleAsian Ethnicity
ISSN (print)1463-1369
ISSN (online)1469-2953
ScopeSociology and Political Science
Cultural Studies

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