How to format your references using the Asian Ethnicity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asian Ethnicity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Edlin, Brian R. “Perspective: Test and Treat This Silent Killer.” Nature 474, no. 7350 (May 25, 2011): S18-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Settembre, Carmine, and Andrea Ballabio. “Cell Metabolism: Autophagy Transcribed.” Nature 516, no. 7529 (December 4, 2014): 40–41.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen, Yu-Zhong, Zi-Gang Huang, and Ying-Cheng Lai. “Controlling Extreme Events on Complex Networks.” Scientific Reports 4 (August 18, 2014): 6121.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Tomatsu, K., K. Nakatsuji, T. Iimori, Y. Takagi, H. Kusuhara, A. Ishii, and F. Komori. “An Atomic Seesaw Switch Formed by Tilted Asymmetric Sn-Ge Dimers on a Ge (001) Surface.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 315, no. 5819 (March 23, 2007): 1696–98.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zhang, Bo, and Xuemei Wang. Chaos Analysis and Chaotic EMI Suppression of DC-DC Converters. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd, 2014.
An edited book
Ahmad, Muhammad Aurangzeb, Cuihua Shen, Jaideep Srivastava, and Noshir Contractor, eds. Predicting Real World Behaviors from Virtual World Data. Springer Proceedings in Complexity. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Debnath, Mousumi, Godavarthi B. K. S. Prasad, and Prakash S. Bisen. “Reporter Gene.” In Molecular Diagnostics: Promises and Possibilities, edited by Godavarthi B. K. S. Prasad and Prakash S. Bisen, 71–84. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2010.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asian Ethnicity.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. “Is Bullying Worse Than Child Abuse When It Comes To Mental Health?” IFLScience. IFLScience, April 30, 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Airline Industry: Potential Mergers and Acquisitions Driven by Financial and Competitive Pressures.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, July 31, 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Anisko, John J. “Selling Mexico’s Vistas: A Visual Discourse Analysis of Promotional Materials of Loreto Bay, Mexico.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, Michael. “THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: Undeclared Candidate; Seeking Better Image, Perot Shifts Campaign.” New York Times, July 8, 1992.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleAsian Ethnicity
ISSN (print)1463-1369
ISSN (online)1469-2953
ScopeSociology and Political Science
Cultural Studies

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