How to format your references using the Asian Ethnicity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asian Ethnicity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Matzke, Nicholas J. “The Evolution of Antievolution Policies after Kitzmiller versus Dover.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 351, no. 6268 (January 1, 2016): 28–30.
A journal article with 2 authors
Khakh, Baljit S., and R. Alan North. “P2X Receptors as Cell-Surface ATP Sensors in Health and Disease.” Nature 442, no. 7102 (August 3, 2006): 527–32.
A journal article with 3 authors
Montzka, S. A., E. J. Dlugokencky, and J. H. Butler. “Non-CO2 Greenhouse Gases and Climate Change.” Nature 476, no. 7358 (August 3, 2011): 43–50.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Um, Soohyun, Antoine Fraimout, Panagiotis Sapountzis, Dong-Chan Oh, and Michael Poulsen. “The Fungus-Growing Termite Macrotermes Natalensis Harbors Bacillaene-Producing Bacillus Sp. That Inhibit Potentially Antagonistic Fungi.” Scientific Reports 3 (November 19, 2013): 3250.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Todeschini, Roberto, and Alberto Baccini. Handbook of Bibliometric Indicators. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2016.
An edited book
Byrd, J. W. Thomas, ed. Operative Hip Arthroscopy. 3rd ed. 2013. New York, NY: Springer, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Mandal, Papita, Naveen Verma, Gajendra K. Azad, Vikash Singh, Upendarrao Golla, and Raghuvir S. Tomar. “Epigenetics: Role of Histone Proteases in Cellular Functions and Diseases.” In Molecular Mechanisms and Physiology of Disease: Implications for Epigenetics and Health, edited by Nilanjana Maulik and Tom Karagiannis, 113–26. New York, NY: Springer, 2014.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asian Ethnicity.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. “Finding Meteorite Impacts In Aboriginal Oral Tradition.” IFLScience. IFLScience, March 4, 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “DOT Headquarters: Unclear Whether Union Station Site Is Best Location.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, September 24, 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Al-Qazzaz, Anas L. “A Kinetic Study of the Radiolytic Degradation of Phthalates in Aqueous Solutions.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY, James C., Jr. “Oakley Rejects Plea Bargain And Demands Day in Court.” New York Times, June 2, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleAsian Ethnicity
ISSN (print)1463-1369
ISSN (online)1469-2953
ScopeSociology and Political Science
Cultural Studies

Other styles