How to format your references using the Asian Ethnicity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asian Ethnicity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Clayton, Nicola. “Journal Club. A Comparative Cognitive Scientist Considers the Effects of High-Calorie Diets on the Brain.” Nature 465, no. 7301 (June 24, 2010): 989.
A journal article with 2 authors
Margoliash, Daniel, and Melina E. Hale. “Neuroscience. Vertebrate Vocalizations.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 321, no. 5887 (July 18, 2008): 347–48.
A journal article with 3 authors
Little, Angela F., Madeleine J. H. van Oppen, and Bette L. Willis. “Flexibility in Algal Endosymbioses Shapes Growth in Reef Corals.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 304, no. 5676 (June 4, 2004): 1492–94.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Wakui, Kentaro, Yujiro Eto, Hugo Benichi, Shuro Izumi, Tetsufumi Yanagida, Kazuhiro Ema, Takayuki Numata, Daiji Fukuda, Masahiro Takeoka, and Masahide Sasaki. “Ultrabroadband Direct Detection of Nonclassical Photon Statistics at Telecom Wavelength.” Scientific Reports 4 (April 3, 2014): 4535.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Attwood, Dennis, Paul Baybutt, Chris Devlin, Walter Fluharty, Gareth Hughes, Dan Isaacson, Phil Joyner, et al. Human Factors Methods for Improving Performance in the Process Industries. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2006.
An edited book
Sito, Giuseppe, ed. Hyperhidrosis: Clinician’s Guide to Diagnosis and Treatment. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Stollberg, Michael, and Dieter Fensel. “Semantics for Service-Oriented Architectures.” In Agent-Based Service-Oriented Computing, edited by Nathan Griffiths and Kuo-Ming Chao, 113–39. London: Springer, 2010.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asian Ethnicity.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. “The Bronx Zoo Has Two New Gorillas!” IFLScience. IFLScience, April 25, 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Minicomputers.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, January 1, 1973.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lim, Kyungeun. “An Inquiry of How Art Education Policies Are Reflected in Art Teacher Preparation: Examining the Standards for Visual Arts and Art Teacher Certification.” Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, Ben. “Fangs, Fur and Plenty of Firepower.” New York Times, January 6, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleAsian Ethnicity
ISSN (print)1463-1369
ISSN (online)1469-2953
ScopeSociology and Political Science
Cultural Studies

Other styles