How to format your references using the arktos citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for arktos. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dawkins R (2010) Retrospective. George C. Williams (1926-2010). Science 330:49
A journal article with 2 authors
Starr DJ, Cline TW (2002) A host parasite interaction rescues Drosophila oogenesis defects. Nature 418:76–79
A journal article with 3 authors
Moynier F, Yin Q-Z, Schauble E (2011) Isotopic evidence of Cr partitioning into Earth’s core. Science 331:1417–1420
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Fortunato S, Bergstrom CT, Börner K, et al (2018) Science of science. Science 359:

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Darbyshire P, Hampton D (2012) Hedge Fund Modelling and Analysis Using Excel and VBA. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Chichester, West Sussex, UK
An edited book
Beaty B (2016) The Greatest Comic Book of All Time: Symbolic Capital and the Field of American Comic Books. Palgrave Macmillan US, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Futer D, Kalfagianni E, Purcell J (2013) I-Bundles and Essential Product Disks. In: Kalfagianni E, Purcell J (eds) Guts of Surfaces and the Colored Jones Polynomial. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 53–72

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for arktos.

Blog post
Andrews R (2017) America Has Been Left Out Of An Official Climate Declaration Issued By G7 Ministers. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2016) Tribal Internet Access: Increased Federal Coordination and Performance Measurement Needed. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mickey J (2017) Random Linear Network Coding with Added Prefix Bits. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines GG (2010) Graphic Evidence Of Comics Fanatics. New York Times C25

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlearktos
ISSN (print)2364-9453
ISSN (online)2364-9461

Other styles