How to format your references using the arktos citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for arktos. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Eisenberg RS (2003) Science and the law. Patent swords and shields. Science 299:1018–1019
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Prives C, Lowe SW (2015) Cancer: Mutant p53 and chromatin regulation. Nature 525:199–200
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Weiss KM, Miguel-Sanchez J, Elzerman JM (2013) Magnetically tunable singlet-triplet spin qubit in a four-electron InGaAs coupled quantum dot. Sci Rep 3:3121
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Sakurai Y, Itou M, Barbiellini B, et al (2011) Imaging doped holes in a cuprate superconductor with high-resolution Compton scattering. Science 332:698–702

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Sanchez A, Carro B (2017) Digital Services in the 21st Century. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Brils J, Brack W, Müller-Grabherr D, et al (2014) Risk-Informed Management of European River Basins. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Score M (2016) ‘Child Slavery in England’: The News of the World and Campaigning for Children (1843–78). In: Brake L, Kaul C, Turner MW (eds) The News of the World and the British Press, 1843–2011: Journalism for the Rich, Journalism for the Poor. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, pp 63–80

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for arktos.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2015) Treating ‘Stage 0’ Breast Cancer Doesn’t Always Save Women’s Lives So Should We Screen For It? In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/treating-stage-0-breast-cancer-doesn-t-always-save-women-s-lives-so-should-we/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2014) Export Controls: NASA Management Action and Improved Oversight Needed to Reduce the Risk of Unauthorized Access to Its Technologies. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Skinner M (2008) Enamel -dentine junction morphology of extant hominoid and fossil hominin lower molars. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Greenhouse L (2006) Curb on Access to News In Prison Gets Hearing. New York Times A14

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlearktos
AbbreviationArktos
ISSN (print)2364-9453
ISSN (online)2364-9461
Scope

Other styles