How to format your references using the Asia-Pacific Journal of Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asia-Pacific Journal of Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Friedman SD. Comment on “Magnetic resonance spectroscopy identifies neural progenitor cells in the live human brain.” Science. 2008;321(5889):640.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Conley ME, Fruman DA. Genetics. Can cancer drugs treat immunodeficiency? Science. 2013;342(6160):814-815.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Hamilton VE, Christensen PR, Bandfield JL. Planetary science: Volcanism or aqueous alteration on Mars? Nature. 2003;421(6924):711-712; discussion 712-3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Rhee I, Jair KW, Yen RW, et al. CpG methylation is maintained in human cancer cells lacking DNMT1. Nature. 2000;404(6781):1003-1007.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Misra S, Goswami S. Network Routing. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2017.
An edited book
1.
Jurin RR. Environmental Communication. Second Edition: Skills and Principles for Natural Resource Managers, Scientists, and Engineers. (Roush D, Danter KJ, eds.). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Lee S, Kang S. A Study on Guiding Programmers’ Code Navigation with a Graphical Code Recommender. In: Lee R, ed. Software Engineering Research,Management and Applications 2011. Studies in Computational Intelligence. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012:61-75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asia-Pacific Journal of Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation and Technology.

Blog post
1.
Fang J. Did Fearlessness Lead To Chicken Domestication? IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. School Meal Programs: Implications of Adjusting Income Eligibility Thresholds and Reimbursement Rates by Geographic Differences. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Castillo-Garrison EM. Asilomar Leadership Skills Seminar: The career preparation, advancement, and enhancement of women in California community college leadership. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1.
Otis J. Young Mother Sees Education as a Path to Help Her Daughter. New York Times. November 29, 2016:A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAsia-Pacific Journal of Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation and Technology
AbbreviationAsia Pac. J. Sports Med. Arthrosc. Rehabil. Technol.
ISSN (print)2214-6873
Scope

Other styles