How to format your references using the Asia-Pacific Journal of Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asia-Pacific Journal of Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Lam L. From physics to revolution and back. Science. 2015;348(6239):1170.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Andreasen R, Sharma M. Comment on “Neodymium-142 evidence for Hadean mafic crust.” Science. 2009;325(5938):267; author reply 267.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Arnarez C, Marrink SJ, Periole X. Identification of cardiolipin binding sites on cytochrome c oxidase at the entrance of proton channels. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1263.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Kuhn JR, Armstrong JD, Bush RI, Scherrer P. Rossby waves on the Sun as revealed by solar “hills.” Nature. 2000;405(6786):544-546.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Wang J, Wang Q. Body Area Communications. John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
1.
Daydé M, Dongarra J, Hernández V, Palma JMLM, eds. High Performance Computing for Computational Science - VECPAR 2004: 6th International Conference, Valencia, Spain, June 28-30, 2004, Revised Selected and Invited Papers. Vol 3402. Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Phan MB, Breton R. Inequalities and Patterns of Social Attachments in Quebec and the Rest of Canada. In: Breton R, Dion KK, Dion KL, Phan MB, Banerjee R, eds. Multiculturalism and Social Cohesion: Potentials and Challenges of Diversity. Springer Netherlands; 2009:89-121.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asia-Pacific Journal of Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation and Technology.

Blog post
1.
Fang J. Why are the Dutch the Tallest People on Earth? IFLScience. Published April 10, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/why-are-dutch-tallest-people-earth/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Propane and Heating Oil: Federal Oversight of the Propane Education and Research Council and National Oilheat Research Alliance Should Be Strengthened. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Bakhoda A. Synthesis and Electrochemistry of Ru(II) Vinylidenes. Published online 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kelly M. THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: The Democrats; Clinton, on Tour of Western States, Chides G.O.P. for Investigating His Mother. New York Times. October 23, 1992:A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAsia-Pacific Journal of Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation and Technology
AbbreviationAsia Pac. J. Sports Med. Arthrosc. Rehabil. Technol.
ISSN (print)2214-6873
Scope

Other styles