How to format your references using the Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wickware, P. 2000. “Next-Generation Biologists Must Straddle Computation and Biology.” Nature 404 (6778): 683–684.
A journal article with 2 authors
Baum, Jake, and Alan F. Cowman. 2011. “Biochemistry. Revealing a Parasite’s Invasive Trick.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 333 (6041): 410–411.
A journal article with 3 authors
Williams, J. R., L. Dicarlo, and C. M. Marcus. 2007. “Quantum Hall Effect in a Gate-Controlled p-n Junction of Graphene.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 317 (5838): 638–641.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Leighton, P. A., K. J. Mitchell, L. V. Goodrich, X. Lu, K. Pinson, P. Scherz, W. C. Skarnes, and M. Tessier-Lavigne. 2001. “Defining Brain Wiring Patterns and Mechanisms through Gene Trapping in Mice.” Nature 410 (6825): 174–179.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Southard, Thomas E., Steven D. Marshall, and Laura L. Bonner. 2015. Orthodontics in the Vertical Dimension. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
McLean, Kate C., and Monisha Pasupathi, eds. 2010. Narrative Development in Adolescence: Creating the Storied Self. Advancing Responsible Adolescent Development. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Ahmmed, Masud. 2015. “Inclusive Education in Bangladesh.” In Disability Studies: Educating for Inclusion, edited by Tim Corcoran, Julie White, and Ben Whitburn, 57–73. Rotterdam: SensePublishers.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. “For Life To Form On A Planet It Needs To Orbit The Right Kind Of Star.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1979. Social Security Student Benefits for Postsecondary Students Should Be Discontinued. HRD-79-108. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jenrich, Marissa A. 2017. “‘To Treat Her as a Woman’: African American Women and Respectability in New York, 1860-1890.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Almosawa, Shuaib, and Ben Hubbard. 2016. “Blast ‘So Vile’ It Could Alter War in Yemen.” New York Times, October 10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wickware 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Wickware 2000; Baum and Cowman 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Baum and Cowman 2011)
  • Three authors: (Williams, Dicarlo, and Marcus 2007)
  • 4 or more authors: (Leighton et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
AbbreviationJ. Ethn. Migr. Stud.
ISSN (print)1369-183X
ISSN (online)1469-9451
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

Other styles