How to format your references using the Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Manolopoulos, David E. 2002. “Reaction Dynamics. Bending or Breaking the Rules?” Science (New York, N.Y.) 296 (5568): 664.
A journal article with 2 authors
Coffelt, Seth B., and Karin E. de Visser. 2014. “Cancer: Inflammation Lights the Way to Metastasis.” Nature 507 (7490): 48–49.
A journal article with 3 authors
Eggleton, Peter P., David S. P. Dearborn, and John C. Lattanzio. 2006. “Deep Mixing of 3He: Reconciling Big Bang and Stellar Nucleosynthesis.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 314 (5805): 1580–1583.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Du, Haina, Xizhi Zhang, Mulong Du, Nannan Guo, Zhipeng Chen, Yongqian Shu, Zhengdong Zhang, Meilin Wang, and Lingjun Zhu. 2014. “Association Study between XPG Asp1104His Polymorphism and Colorectal Cancer Risk in a Chinese Population.” Scientific Reports 4 (October): 6700.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lee, Yoon S. 2011. Self-Assembly and Nanotechnology Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Mishra, Rajiv S., Murray W. Mahoney, Yutaka Sato, and Yuri Hovanski, eds. 2016. Friction Stir Welding and Processing VIII. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Augot, Daniel, Emanuele Betti, and Emmanuela Orsini. 2009. “An Introduction to Linear and Cyclic Codes.” In Gröbner Bases, Coding, and Cryptography, edited by Massimiliano Sala, Shojiro Sakata, Teo Mora, Carlo Traverso, and Ludovic Perret, 47–68. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies.

Blog post
Hale, Tom. 2017. “Scientists Worry Italy’s Next Earthquake Might Topple Michelangelo’s David.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1990. Customs Automation: Duties and Other Collections Vulnerable to Fraud and Abuse. IMTEC-90-29. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Charoenphol, Dares. 2017. “Using Robust Statistical Methodology to Evaluate the Performance of Project Delivery Systems: A Case Study of Horizontal Construction.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yablonsky, Linda. 2009. “The Sleep Cure.” New York Times, October 4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Manolopoulos 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Manolopoulos 2002; Coffelt and de Visser 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Coffelt and de Visser 2014)
  • Three authors: (Eggleton, Dearborn, and Lattanzio 2006)
  • 4 or more authors: (Du et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
AbbreviationJ. Ethn. Migr. Stud.
ISSN (print)1369-183X
ISSN (online)1469-9451
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

Other styles