How to format your references using the Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Laughlin, Gregory. 2015. “Astronomy: A Mars-Sized Exoplanet.” Nature 522 (7556): 290–291.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wei, Hai-Rui, and Fu-Guo Deng. 2014. “Scalable Quantum Computing Based on Stationary Spin Qubits in Coupled Quantum Dots inside Double-Sided Optical Microcavities.” Scientific Reports 4 (December): 7551.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wohlgemuth, S., B. Ronacher, and R. Wehner. 2001. “Ant Odometry in the Third Dimension.” Nature 411 (6839): 795–798.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Luminet, Jean-Pierre, Jeffrey R. Weeks, Alain Riazuelo, Roland Lehoucq, and Jean-Philippe Uzan. 2003. “Dodecahedral Space Topology as an Explanation for Weak Wide-Angle Temperature Correlations in the Cosmic Microwave Background.” Nature 425 (6958): 593–595.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pasternak, Hartmut, Hans-Ullrich Hoch, and Dieter Füg. 2010. Stahltragwerke Im Industriebau. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Lichtfouse, Eric, Jan Schwarzbauer, and Didier Robert, eds. 2012. Environmental Chemistry for a Sustainable World: Volume 2: Remediation of Air and Water Pollution. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Flum, Hanoch, and Rachel Gali Cinamon. 2012. “An Interdisciplinary View Of Social Constructionist Vocational Psychology.” In Social Constructionism in Vocational Psychology and Career Development, edited by Peter McIlveen and Donna E. Schultheiss, 45–57. Rotterdam: SensePublishers.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2013. “The First Trial Results of Artificial Blood Use Are Encouraging.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1993. Telecommunications: Cellular Service Competition. T-RCED-93-3. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Garibay, Oscar. 2017. “Towards a Hybrid Approach to Mariachi Education - Bridging the Gap between Formal and Informal Transmission of Musical Culture.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, Mary Williams. 2012. “Next Chicago School Crisis: Pension Fund.” New York Times, September 19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Laughlin 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Laughlin 2015; Wei and Deng 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wei and Deng 2014)
  • Three authors: (Wohlgemuth, Ronacher, and Wehner 2001)
  • 4 or more authors: (Luminet et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
AbbreviationJ. Ethn. Migr. Stud.
ISSN (print)1369-183X
ISSN (online)1469-9451
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

Other styles