How to format your references using the Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dolan, R. J. 2002. “Emotion, Cognition, and Behavior.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 298 (5596): 1191–1194.
A journal article with 2 authors
Etienne-Manneville, Sandrine, and Alan Hall. 2003. “Cdc42 Regulates GSK-3beta and Adenomatous Polyposis Coli to Control Cell Polarity.” Nature 421 (6924): 753–756.
A journal article with 3 authors
Behrens, Timothy E. J., Laurence T. Hunt, and Matthew F. S. Rushworth. 2009. “The Computation of Social Behavior.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 324 (5931): 1160–1164.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Unnithan, Veena V., Adrian Unc, Valerisa Joe, and Geoffrey B. Smith. 2014. “Short RNA Indicator Sequences Are Not Completely Degraded by Autoclaving.” Scientific Reports 4 (February): 4070.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Di Stefano, Michael. 2005. Distributed Data Management for Grid Computing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Burachik, Regina S., and Jen-Chih Yao, eds. 2010. Variational Analysis and Generalized Differentiation in Optimization and Control: In Honor of Boris S. Mordukhovich. Vol. 47. Springer Optimization and Its Applications. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Hepburn, H. R., C. W. W. Pirk, and O. Duangphakdee. 2014. “Communication by Vibrations and Scents in the Comb.” In Honeybee Nests: Composition, Structure, Function, edited by C. W. W. Pirk and O. Duangphakdee, 79–103. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “How American Journalists Covered The First Use Of The Atomic Bomb.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1976. Recent Development in Science and Technology: Progress and Concerns. 094655. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pak, Charles H. 2015. “A Study of High-Performing at-Risk High School Students and Their Perceptions on Academic Success and Achievement.” Doctoral dissertation, Malibu, CA: Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dynarski, Susan. 2017. “A Trillion-Dollar Student Debt, With Mounting Risks.” New York Times, May 6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dolan 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Dolan 2002; Etienne-Manneville and Hall 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Etienne-Manneville and Hall 2003)
  • Three authors: (Behrens, Hunt, and Rushworth 2009)
  • 4 or more authors: (Unnithan et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
AbbreviationJ. Ethn. Migr. Stud.
ISSN (print)1369-183X
ISSN (online)1469-9451
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

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