How to format your references using the Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
De, Subhajyoti. 2009. “Journal Club. A Biologist Looks at the Effect of a Dynamic Nuclear Environment on Gene Expression.” Nature 460 (7251): 15.
A journal article with 2 authors
Strome, Susan, and Ruth Lehmann. 2007. “Germ versus Soma Decisions: Lessons from Flies and Worms.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 316 (5823): 392–393.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mustard, J. F., C. D. Cooper, and M. K. Rifkin. 2001. “Evidence for Recent Climate Change on Mars from the Identification of Youthful Near-Surface Ground Ice.” Nature 412 (6845): 411–414.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Fu, Wei, Fei-Hu Du, Juan Su, Xin-Hao Li, Xiao Wei, Tian-Nan Ye, Kai-Xue Wang, and Jie-Sheng Chen. 2014. “In Situ Catalytic Growth of Large-Area Multilayered Graphene/MoS2 Heterostructures.” Scientific Reports 4 (April): 4673.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cox, Ian, Marie A. Gaudard, and Mia L. Stephens. 2016. Visual Six Sigma, Second Edition. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Damböck, Christian, ed. 2016. Influences on the Aufbau. 1st ed. 2016. Vol. 18. Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook, Institut `Wiener Kreis’ Society for the Advancement of the Scientific World Conception. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Christaller, Thomas. 2007. “Artificial Intelligence Is Engineering Intelligence – Why Should We Care About Natural Intelligence?” In KI 2007: Advances in Artificial Intelligence: 30th Annual German Conference on AI, KI 2007, Osnabrück, Germany, September 10-13, 2007. Proceedings, edited by Joachim Hertzberg, Michael Beetz, and Roman Englert, 43–43. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies.

Blog post
Evans, Katy. 2017. “Welsh Farmer Accidentally Creates World’s Hottest Chili.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1984. GSA’s Telecommunications Procurement Program Requires Comprehensive Planning and Management. IMTEC-84-10. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Capelli, Amanda M. 2017. “The (Un)Balanced Canon: Re-Visioning Feminist Conceptions of Madness and Transgression.” Doctoral dissertation, Lafayette, LA: University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Hollander, Sophia. 2002. “Staten Island Wins Championship of Class A League Again.” New York Times, September 13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (De 2009).
This sentence cites two references (De 2009; Strome and Lehmann 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Strome and Lehmann 2007)
  • Three authors: (Mustard, Cooper, and Rifkin 2001)
  • 4 or more authors: (Fu et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
AbbreviationJ. Ethn. Migr. Stud.
ISSN (print)1369-183X
ISSN (online)1469-9451
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

Other styles