How to format your references using the Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Moore, Pete. 2005. “Photocopiers for DNA.” Nature 435 (7039): 237.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wu, Zhaoxuan, and W. A. Curtin. 2015. “The Origins of High Hardening and Low Ductility in Magnesium.” Nature 526 (7571): 62–67.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kayukawa, Takumi, Ken Tateishi, and Tetsuro Shinoda. 2013. “Establishment of a Versatile Cell Line for Juvenile Hormone Signaling Analysis in Tribolium Castaneum.” Scientific Reports 3: 1570.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Marión, Rosa M., Katerina Strati, Han Li, Matilde Murga, Raquel Blanco, Sagrario Ortega, Oscar Fernandez-Capetillo, Manuel Serrano, and Maria A. Blasco. 2009. “A P53-Mediated DNA Damage Response Limits Reprogramming to Ensure IPS Cell Genomic Integrity.” Nature 460 (7259): 1149–1153.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Horstmeyer, Steven L. 2011. The Weather Almanac. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Karimi, Sasan, ed. 2013. Atlas of Brain and Spine Oncology Imaging. Atlas of Oncology Imaging. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Sharma, Shivesh, K. P. Shukla, Vasudha Singh, Jyoti Singh, Shikha Devi, and Ashish Tewari. 2013. “Plant–Microbe Symbiosis: Perspectives and Applications.” In Plant Microbe Symbiosis: Fundamentals and Advances, edited by Naveen Kumar Arora, 119–145. New Delhi: Springer India.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “How Long Have HIV’s Ancestors Been Infecting Primates?” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1991. Federal Research: Concerns About Developing and Producing Magnets for the Superconducting Super Collider. T-RCED-91-51. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pavuluri, Vamsi Krishna. 2014. “Field Oriented Control of Induction Motors Based on DSP Controller.” Doctoral dissertation, Edwardsville, IL: Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Qiu, Linda. 2017. “An Adoring Crowd, And a Dozen Things That Aren’t True.” New York Times, June 22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Moore 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Moore 2005; Wu and Curtin 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wu and Curtin 2015)
  • Three authors: (Kayukawa, Tateishi, and Shinoda 2013)
  • 4 or more authors: (Marión et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
AbbreviationJ. Ethn. Migr. Stud.
ISSN (print)1369-183X
ISSN (online)1469-9451
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

Other styles