How to format your references using the Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blaser, Hans-Ulrich. 2006. “Chemistry. A Golden Boost to an Old Reaction.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 313 (5785): 312–313.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rauschenberger, R., and S. Yantis. 2001. “Masking Unveils Pre-Amodal Completion Representation in Visual Search.” Nature 410 (6826): 369–372.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nowak, Martin A., Natalia L. Komarova, and Partha Niyogi. 2002. “Computational and Evolutionary Aspects of Language.” Nature 417 (6889): 611–617.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Wohlgenannt, M., K. Tandon, S. Mazumdar, S. Ramasesha, and Z. V. Vardeny. 2001. “Formation Cross-Sections of Singlet and Triplet Excitons in Pi-Conjugated Polymers.” Nature 409 (6819): 494–497.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vaughan, David, Neville Robinson, Nuala Lucas, and Sabaratnam Arulkumaran. 2010. Handbook of Obstetric High Dependency Care. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Abawajy, Jemal H., Sougata Mukherjea, Sabu M. Thampi, and Antonio Ruiz-Martínez, eds. 2015. Security in Computing and Communications: Third International Symposium, SSCC 2015, Kochi, India, August 10-13, 2015. Proceedings. 1st ed. 2015. Vol. 536. Communications in Computer and Information Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Megha, Swati, Urmila Basu, Muhammad H. Rahman, and Nat N. V. Kav. 2015. “The Role of Long Non-Coding RNAs in Abiotic Stress Tolerance in Plants.” In Elucidation of Abiotic Stress Signaling in Plants: Functional Genomics Perspectives, Volume 2, edited by Girdhar K. Pandey, 93–106. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies.

Blog post
Taub, Ben. 2017. “Brazilian Vampire Bats Are Now Feasting On Human Blood.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1990. John P. Abbadessa, 1947-1962. OP-18-OH. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Denno, Dawn. 2010. “Multiple Paths to First Grade: A Comparison of Child, Parent, and Early Education Variables Associated with Multiple Year Kindergarten Experiences.” Doctoral dissertation, Cincinnati, OH: University of Cincinnati.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Taylor, Kate. 2015. “Principal Acknowledged Forging Answers on Tests for Students, Officials Say.” New York Times, July 28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Blaser 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Blaser 2006; Rauschenberger and Yantis 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rauschenberger and Yantis 2001)
  • Three authors: (Nowak, Komarova, and Niyogi 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (Wohlgenannt et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
AbbreviationJ. Ethn. Migr. Stud.
ISSN (print)1369-183X
ISSN (online)1469-9451
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

Other styles