How to format your references using the Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gregory, Christopher D. 2014. “Cell Biology: The Disassembly of Death.” Nature 507 (7492): 312–313.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hoppins, Suzanne, and Jodi Nunnari. 2012. “Cell Biology. Mitochondrial Dynamics and Apoptosis--the ER Connection.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 337 (6098): 1052–1054.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zimmer, Jochen, Yunsun Nam, and Tom A. Rapoport. 2008. “Structure of a Complex of the ATPase SecA and the Protein-Translocation Channel.” Nature 455 (7215): 936–943.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Zhang, Jian, Yubao Zhao, Xiao Zhao, Zhaolin Liu, and Wei Chen. 2014. “Porous Perovskite LaNiO3 Nanocubes as Cathode Catalysts for Li-O2 Batteries with Low Charge Potential.” Scientific Reports 4 (August): 6005.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Scott, Keith. 2017. Sustainable and Green Electrochemical Science and Technology. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Abraham, David, Handler Clive, Michael Dashwood, and Gerry Coghlan, eds. 2010. Advances in Vascular Medicine. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Beer, Jürg, Ken McCracken, and Rudolf von Steiger. 2012. “Introduction to Cosmic Radiation.” In Cosmogenic Radionuclides: Theory and Applications in the Terrestrial and Space Environments, edited by Ken McCracken and Rudolf von Steiger, 17–18. Physics of Earth and Space Environments. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Sinai Plane Crash: The Five Most Common Reasons For Airliner Disasters.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1993. Surface Transportation: Funding Limitations and Barriers To Cross-Modal Decision Making. T-RCED-93-25. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Todman, Jasmine Valerie. 2016. “Applicability of Health Care Leadership Competence and Leadership Behaviors for Women’s Achieving Health Care Executive Status.” Doctoral dissertation, Minneapolis, MN: Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, Kelly. 2001. “Slippers, Pudding and a Martini Glass For Auden, in This Age of Anxiety.” New York Times, October 21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gregory 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Gregory 2014; Hoppins and Nunnari 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hoppins and Nunnari 2012)
  • Three authors: (Zimmer, Nam, and Rapoport 2008)
  • 4 or more authors: (Zhang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
AbbreviationJ. Ethn. Migr. Stud.
ISSN (print)1369-183X
ISSN (online)1469-9451
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

Other styles