How to format your references using the Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ramamurthi, Kumaran S. 2011. “Molecular Biology. MRNA Delivers the Goods.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 331 (6020): 1021–1022.
A journal article with 2 authors
Debenedetti, P. G., and F. H. Stillinger. 2001. “Supercooled Liquids and the Glass Transition.” Nature 410 (6825): 259–267.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hansen, Scott B., Xiao Tao, and Roderick MacKinnon. 2011. “Structural Basis of PIP2 Activation of the Classical Inward Rectifier K+ Channel Kir2.2.” Nature 477 (7365): 495–498.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Brun, Vegard H., Mona K. Otnass, Sturla Molden, Hill-Aina Steffenach, Menno P. Witter, May-Britt Moser, and Edvard I. Moser. 2002. “Place Cells and Place Recognition Maintained by Direct Entorhinal-Hippocampal Circuitry.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 296 (5576): 2243–2246.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gadd, Karen. 2016. TRIZ Für Ingenieure. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Zajda, Joseph, and Holger Daun, eds. 2009. Global Values Education: Teaching Democracy and Peace. Vol. 7. Globalisation, Comparative Education and Policy Research. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Mrozynski, Gerd, and Matthias Stallein. 2013. “Quasi Stationary Fields – Eddy Currents.” In Electromagnetic Field Theory: A Collection of Problems, edited by Matthias Stallein, 126–193. Wiesbaden: Vieweg+Teubner Verlag.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies.

Blog post
Hale, Tom. 2016. “Newspaper Gives ‘Scientific’ Tips On How To Conceive Boys – Here’s The Actual Science Behind That Claim.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2010. Information Technology: Opportunities Exist to Improve Management of DOD’s Electronic Health Record Initiative. GAO-11-50. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chitakasempornkul, Kessinee. 2012. “Ordinal Time Series Analysis for Air Quality Index (AQI) in San Bernardino County.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, George Gene. 2011. “Superheroes for the Stockings.” New York Times, November 25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ramamurthi 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Ramamurthi 2011; Debenedetti and Stillinger 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Debenedetti and Stillinger 2001)
  • Three authors: (Hansen, Tao, and MacKinnon 2011)
  • 4 or more authors: (Brun et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
AbbreviationJ. Ethn. Migr. Stud.
ISSN (print)1369-183X
ISSN (online)1469-9451
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

Other styles