How to format your references using the Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Arena, B. J. (2014). Outside my comfort zone. Science (New York, N.Y.), 345(6198), 842.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vert, G., & Chory, J. (2006). Downstream nuclear events in brassinosteroid signalling. Nature, 441(7089), 96–100.
A journal article with 3 authors
Smothers, J. F., Henikoff, S., & Carter, P. (2002). Tech.Sight. Phage display. Affinity selection from biological libraries. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5593), 621–622.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hemann, M. T., Bric, A., Teruya-Feldstein, J., Herbst, A., Nilsson, J. A., Cordon-Cardo, C., … Lowe, S. W. (2005). Evasion of the p53 tumour surveillance network by tumour-derived MYC mutants. Nature, 436(7052), 807–811.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bar-Eli, M., Plessner, H., & Raab, M. (2011). Judgement, Decision Making and Success in Sport. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Brooks, A. L., Brahnam, S., & Jain, L. C. (Eds.). (2014). Technologies of Inclusive Well-Being: Serious Games, Alternative Realities, and Play Therapy (Vol. 536). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Quarteroni, A., Saleri, F., & Gervasio, P. (2014). Numerical differentiation and integration. In F. Saleri & P. Gervasio (Eds.), Scientific Computing with MATLAB and Octave (pp. 113–136). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy.

Blog post
Carpineti, C. (2017, May 17). How Much Does Your Personality Change When You Drink? Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1971). Office of Education Should Improve Procedures To Recover Defaulted Loans Under the Guaranteed Student Loan Program (No. B-117604(7)). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Doddick, S. (2012). Noncontact 2D Plethysmography: A non-invasive technique for monitoring dynamic trends in a respiratory system (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B. (2017, March 10). Fixing What Ain’t Broken. New York Times, p. C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Arena, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Arena, 2014; Vert & Chory, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vert & Chory, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Smothers, Henikoff, & Carter, 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Hemann et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleAsia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy
AbbreviationAsia Pac. J. Couns. Psychother.
ISSN (print)2150-7686
ISSN (online)2150-7708

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