How to format your references using the Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Leisinger, K. (2015). Business needs to embrace sustainability targets. Nature, 528(7581), 165.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schindler, C. S., & Jacobsen, E. N. (2013). Chemistry. A new twist on cooperative catalysis. Science (New York, N.Y.), 340(6136), 1052–1053.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kühlbrandt, W., Zeelen, J., & Dietrich, J. (2002). Structure, mechanism, and regulation of the Neurospora plasma membrane H+-ATPase. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5587), 1692–1696.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ju, B. G., Jeong, S., Bae, E., Hyun, S., Carroll, S. B., Yim, J., & Kim, J. (2000). Fringe forms a complex with Notch. Nature, 405(6783), 191–195.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mackevičius, V. (2014). Integral and Measure. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ignaciuk, P. (2013). Congestion Control in Data Transmission Networks: Sliding Mode and Other Designs (A. Bartoszewicz, Ed.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Wilcox, A. B. (2015). Leveraging Electronic Health Records for Phenotyping. In P. R. O. Payne & P. J. Embi (Eds.), Translational Informatics: Realizing the Promise of Knowledge-Driven Healthcare (pp. 61–74). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, May 7). Optical Illusion Zebra Crossings Are Appearing In India. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1978). Farmers Home Administration Needs To Better Plan, Direct, Develop, and Control Its Computer-Based Unified Management Information System (CED-78-68). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mills, J. (2017). Catherine of Siena: No Saint Is an Island [Doctoral dissertation]. Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, K. (2017, July 14). At Goldman, He’s a President. At the Club, He’s D.J. D-Sol. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Leisinger, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Leisinger, 2015; Schindler & Jacobsen, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schindler & Jacobsen, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Kühlbrandt et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Ju et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleAsia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy
AbbreviationAsia Pac. J. Couns. Psychother.
ISSN (print)2150-7686
ISSN (online)2150-7708

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