How to format your references using the Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith, C. (2003). Drug target validation: Hitting the target. Nature, 422(6929), 341, 343, 345 passim.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dobson, D. P., & Brodholt, J. P. (2005). Subducted banded iron formations as a source of ultralow-velocity zones at the core-mantle boundary. Nature, 434(7031), 371–374.
A journal article with 3 authors
Boyd, O. S., Jones, C. H., & Sheehan, A. F. (2004). Foundering lithosphere imaged beneath the southern Sierra Nevada, California, USA. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5684), 660–662.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Eggert, D., Naumann, M., Reimer, R., & Voigt, C. A. (2014). Nanoscale glucan polymer network causes pathogen resistance. Scientific Reports, 4, 4159.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Malamed, C. (2015). Visual Design Solutions. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ali Babar, M., Dingsøyr, T., Lago, P., & van Vliet, H. (Eds.). (2009). Software Architecture Knowledge Management: Theory and Practice. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Shirani, F., Groves, C., Butler, C., Parkhill, K., Henwood, K., & Pidgeon, N. (2016). Living in the Future: Environmental Concerns, Parenting, and Low-Impact Lifestyles. In N. Ansell, N. Klocker, & T. Skelton (Eds.), Geographies of Global Issues: Change and Threat (pp. 441–461). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, June 9). Gecko-Inspired Climbing Paddles Allow A Man To Climb A Glass Wall. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2015). National Institutes of Health: Better Oversight Needed to Help Ensure Continued Progress Including Women in Health Research (GAO-16-13). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Goldstein, D. L. (2010). Integration of geospatial technologies into K–12 curriculum: An investigation of teacher and student perceptions and student academic achievement [Doctoral dissertation]. Florida Atlantic University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. (2008, February 24). New Group Chooses Its First Battle, Asthma. New York Times, LI5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smith, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Dobson & Brodholt, 2005; Smith, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dobson & Brodholt, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Boyd et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Eggert et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAsia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy
AbbreviationAsia Pac. J. Couns. Psychother.
ISSN (print)2150-7686
ISSN (online)2150-7708

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