How to format your references using the Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Anthes, E. (2014). Ageing: Live faster, die younger. Nature, 508(7494), S16-7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Davis, P. M., & Jackson, D. D. (2011). Retrospective. Leon Knopoff (1925-2011). Science (New York, N.Y.), 331(6023), 1400.
A journal article with 3 authors
Aitken, R. J., Koopman, P., & Lewis, S. E. M. (2004). Seeds of concern. Nature, 432(7013), 48–52.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Bzhalava, D., Mühr, L. S. A., Lagheden, C., Ekström, J., Forslund, O., Dillner, J., & Hultin, E. (2014). Deep sequencing extends the diversity of human papillomaviruses in human skin. Scientific Reports, 4, 5807.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hauser, G. (2008). Hygienegerechte Apparate Und Anlagen. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH.
An edited book
Kunkel, J. M., Ludwig, T., & Meuer, H. W. (Eds.). (2014). Supercomputing: 29th International Conference, ISC 2014, Leipzig, Germany, June 22-26, 2014. Proceedings (Vol. 8488). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Franco, A. (2007). Globalizzazione e politiche dell’energia: prospettive e motivi di incertezza. In A. M. Rossi (Ed.), Effetti, potenzialità e limiti della globalizzazione: Una visione multidisciplinare (pp. 45–63). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, July 14). The Most Horrifying (And Awesome) Creepy-Crawlies In The World. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1985). The Potential Impact of National Security Decision Directive 145 on Civil Agencies (No. 127279). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kulavuz-Onal, D. (2013). English Language Teachers’ Learning to Teach with Technology through Participation in an Online Community of Practice: A Netnography of Webheads in Action [Doctoral dissertation]. University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2006, December 5). Court Reviews Race as Factor In School Plans. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Anthes, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Anthes, 2014; Davis & Jackson, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Davis & Jackson, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Aitken et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Bzhalava et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAsia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy
AbbreviationAsia Pac. J. Couns. Psychother.
ISSN (print)2150-7686
ISSN (online)2150-7708

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