How to format your references using the Asia Pacific Business Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asia Pacific Business Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Olveczky, Bence P. 2014. “Neuroscience: Ordered Randomness in Fly Love Songs.” Nature 507 (7491): 177–178.
A journal article with 2 authors
Noble, Alex J., and Scott M. Stagg. 2015. “STRUCTURAL BIOLOGY. COPI Gets a Fancy New Coat.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 349 (6244): 142–143.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fabiańska, Justyna, Günther Kassier, and Thomas Feurer. 2014. “Split Ring Resonator Based THz-Driven Electron Streak Camera Featuring Femtosecond Resolution.” Scientific Reports 4 (July): 5645.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Yamamoto, T., Yu A. Pashkin, O. Astafiev, Y. Nakamura, and J. S. Tsai. 2003. “Demonstration of Conditional Gate Operation Using Superconducting Charge Qubits.” Nature 425 (6961): 941–944.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sexton, Don. 2008. Trump University Branding 101. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Zhou, Qing. 2013. Network Robustness under Large-Scale Attacks. Edited by Long Gao, Ruifang Liu, and Shuguang Cui. SpringerBriefs in Computer Science. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Cadossi, Ruggero. 2007. “From Academy to Industry: Translational Research in Biophysics.” In 11th Mediterranean Conference on Medical and Biomedical Engineering and Computing 2007: MEDICON 2007, 26-30 June 2007, Ljubljana, Slovenia, edited by Tomaz Jarm, Peter Kramar, and Anze Zupanic, 10–13. IFMBE Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asia Pacific Business Review.

Blog post
Davis, Josh. 2015. “Unusually Large Numbers Of Fur Seals Stranding On Californian Coast.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1989. Aircraft Noise: Status and Management of FAA’s West Coast Plan. RCED-89-84. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bradford, Annette. 2015. “Internationalization Policy at the Genba: Exploring the Implementation of Social Science English-Taught Undergraduate Degree Programs in Three Japanese Universities.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, John. 2017. “The Russian Revolution, Without Fiction.” New York Times, May 7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Olveczky 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Olveczky 2014; Noble and Stagg 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Noble and Stagg 2015)
  • Three authors: (Fabiańska, Kassier, and Feurer 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Yamamoto et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleAsia Pacific Business Review
AbbreviationAsia Pac. Bus. Rev.
ISSN (print)1360-2381
ISSN (online)1743-792X
ScopeBusiness and International Management

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