How to format your references using the Asia Pacific Business Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asia Pacific Business Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ciochon, Russell L. 2009. “The Mystery Ape of Pleistocene Asia.” Nature 459 (7249): 910–911.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wulf, William A., and Anita K. Jones. 2009. “Computer Science. Reflections on Cybersecurity.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 326 (5955): 943–944.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, Bin, Shibin Xu, and Liguang Wu. 2012. “Intensified Arabian Sea Tropical Storms.” Nature 489 (7416): E1-2; discussion E2-3.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Antson, A. A., J. E. Burns, O. V. Moroz, D. J. Scott, C. M. Sanders, I. B. Bronstein, G. G. Dodson, K. S. Wilson, and N. J. Maitland. 2000. “Structure of the Intact Transactivation Domain of the Human Papillomavirus E2 Protein.” Nature 403 (6771): 805–809.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Curioso, Andrew, Ronald Bradford, and Patrick Galbraith. 2010. Expert PHP and MySQL®. Indianapolis, IN, USA: Wiley Publishing, Inc.
An edited book
Caballero-Anthony, Mely, Youngho Chang, and Nur Azha Putra, eds. 2012. Rethinking Energy Security in Asia: A Non-Traditional View of Human Security. Vol. 2. SpringerBriefs in Environment, Security, Development and Peace. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Abboud, Amir, Virginia Vassilevska Williams, and Oren Weimann. 2014. “Consequences of Faster Alignment of Sequences.” In Automata, Languages, and Programming: 41st International Colloquium, ICALP 2014, Copenhagen, Denmark, July 8-11, 2014, Proceedings, Part I, edited by Javier Esparza, Pierre Fraigniaud, Thore Husfeldt, and Elias Koutsoupias, 39–51. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asia Pacific Business Review.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. “Regenerative Medicine Has Huge Potential But It Does Not Come Cheap.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2006. Transportation Research: Opportunities for Improving the Oversight of DOT’s Research Programs and User Satisfaction with Transportation Statistics. GAO-06-917. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rajendran, Noosheen. 2010. “Assessment of Upper Extremity Strength, Power, and Flexibility Characteristics of College-Aged Male and Female Students.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Soble, Jonathan. 2017. “Airbag Crisis Sends Takata To Its Demise.” New York Times, June 26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ciochon 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Ciochon 2009; Wulf and Jones 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wulf and Jones 2009)
  • Three authors: (Wang, Xu, and Wu 2012)
  • 4 or more authors: (Antson et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleAsia Pacific Business Review
AbbreviationAsia Pac. Bus. Rev.
ISSN (print)1360-2381
ISSN (online)1743-792X
ScopeBusiness and International Management

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