How to format your references using the Asia Pacific Business Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asia Pacific Business Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lee, John D. 2009. “Engineering. Can Technology Get Your Eyes Back on the Road?” Science (New York, N.Y.) 324 (5925): 344–346.
A journal article with 2 authors
Barnes, William, and Roy Sambles. 2004. “Physics. Only Skin Deep.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 305 (5685): 785–786.
A journal article with 3 authors
Andrews-Hanna, Jeffrey C., Roger J. Phillips, and Maria T. Zuber. 2007. “Meridiani Planum and the Global Hydrology of Mars.” Nature 446 (7132): 163–166.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Piewngam, Pipat, Yue Zheng, Thuan H. Nguyen, Seth W. Dickey, Hwang-Soo Joo, Amer E. Villaruz, Kyle A. Glose, et al. 2018. “Pathogen Elimination by Probiotic Bacillus via Signalling Interference.” Nature 562 (7728): 532–537.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Huang, Qi, Shi Jing, Jianbo Yi, and Wei Zhen. 2014. Innovative Testing and Measurement Solutions for Smart Grid. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons, Singapore Pte. Ltd.
An edited book
Wong Kee Song, Louis M., Emmanuel C. Gorospe, and Todd H. Baron, eds. 2016. GI Endoscopic Emergencies. 1st ed. 2016. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Benferhat, Salem, Sylvain Lagrue, and Karim Tabia. 2014. “Interval-Based Possibilistic Networks.” In Scalable Uncertainty Management: 8th International Conference, SUM 2014, Oxford, UK, September 15-17, 2014. Proceedings, edited by Umberto Straccia and Andrea Calì, 37–50. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asia Pacific Business Review.

Blog post
Andrews, Robin. 2017. “Powerful Molecule That Disables Antibiotic Resistance Synthesized By Researchers.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1999. Federal Research: Evaluation of Small Business Innovation Research Can Be Strengthened. RCED-99-114. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ward, Vida Jane. 2015. “A Study of the Perceptions of First-Year Teachers as Prepared Classroom Teachers.” Doctoral dissertation, St. Charles, MO: Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, Sophia. 2002. “A Princeton Senior Is Setting the Bar Higher.” New York Times, May 7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lee 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Lee 2009; Barnes and Sambles 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Barnes and Sambles 2004)
  • Three authors: (Andrews-Hanna, Phillips, and Zuber 2007)
  • 4 or more authors: (Piewngam et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleAsia Pacific Business Review
AbbreviationAsia Pac. Bus. Rev.
ISSN (print)1360-2381
ISSN (online)1743-792X
ScopeBusiness and International Management

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