How to format your references using the Asia Pacific Business Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asia Pacific Business Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Austin, Jim. 2006. “Salary Survey. U.S. Life Scientists Report Rising Salaries and High Job Satisfaction.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 314 (5800): 842–847.
A journal article with 2 authors
Field, J., and R. Fullagar. 2001. “Archaeology and Australian Megafauna.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 294 (5540): 7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ben-Yehuda, Sigal, David Z. Rudner, and Richard Losick. 2003. “RacA, a Bacterial Protein That Anchors Chromosomes to the Cell Poles.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 299 (5606): 532–536.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Intlekofer, Andrew M., Arnob Banerjee, Naofumi Takemoto, Scott M. Gordon, Caitlin S. Dejong, Haina Shin, Christopher A. Hunter, E. John Wherry, Tullia Lindsten, and Steven L. Reiner. 2008. “Anomalous Type 17 Response to Viral Infection by CD8+ T Cells Lacking T-Bet and Eomesodermin.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 321 (5887): 408–411.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pohanish, Richard P., and Stanley A. Greene. 2005. Wiley Guide to Chemical Incompatibilities. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Roose, Jochen, and Hella Dietz, eds. 2016. Social Theory and Social Movements: Mutual Inspirations. Wiesbaden: Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden.
A chapter in an edited book
Correa, Carlos. 2014. “The Impact of the Economic Partnership Agreements on WTO Law.” In EU Bilateral Trade Agreements and Intellectual Property: For Better or Worse?, edited by Josef Drexl, Henning Grosse Ruse-Khan, and Souheir Nadde-Phlix, 87–108. MPI Studies on Intellectual Property and Competition Law. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asia Pacific Business Review.

Blog post
Andrews, Robin. 2016. “Vegetables Grown On Mars Are Safe To Eat, According To Crop Experiment.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1975. Review of Certain Problems in the Cosmetology Accrediting Commission. MWD-76-13. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Beck, Ruth E. 2012. “Examining the Relationship between Self-Initiated Expatriation and Cross-Cultural Adjustment among Expatriate Spouses within Nonprofit Organizations: A Quantitative Causal-Comparative Study.” Doctoral dissertation, Minneapolis, MN: Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, Linda. 2014. “The Justices Have Cellphones, Too.” New York Times, June 25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Austin 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Austin 2006; Field and Fullagar 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Field and Fullagar 2001)
  • Three authors: (Ben-Yehuda, Rudner, and Losick 2003)
  • 4 or more authors: (Intlekofer et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleAsia Pacific Business Review
AbbreviationAsia Pac. Bus. Rev.
ISSN (print)1360-2381
ISSN (online)1743-792X
ScopeBusiness and International Management

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