How to format your references using the Asia Pacific Business Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asia Pacific Business Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zuber, Maria T. 2003. “Planetary Science. Learning to Think like Martians.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 302 (5651): 1694–1695.
A journal article with 2 authors
Xu, Bingqian, and Nongjian J. Tao. 2003. “Measurement of Single-Molecule Resistance by Repeated Formation of Molecular Junctions.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 301 (5637): 1221–1223.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tsushima, Yoshiaki, Yuka Sasaki, and Takeo Watanabe. 2006. “Greater Disruption Due to Failure of Inhibitory Control on an Ambiguous Distractor.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 314 (5806): 1786–1788.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Kashiwaya, K., S. Ochiai, H. Sakai, and T. Kawai. 2001. “Orbit-Related Long-Term Climate Cycles Revealed in a 12-Myr Continental Record from Lake Baikal.” Nature 410 (6824): 71–74.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Safonov, Vladimir O. 2007. Using Aspect-Oriented Programming for Trustworthy Software Development. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hoffmann, Frank, Mario Köppen, Frank Klawonn, and Rajkumar Roy, eds. 2005. Soft Computing: Methodologies and Applications. Vol. 32. Advances in Soft Computing. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Dominguez, Kenneth, Chris D. R. Arca, and W. Steven Ward. 2011. “The Relationship Between Chromatin Structure and DNA Damage in Mammalian Spermatozoa.” In Sperm Chromatin: Biological and Clinical Applications in Male Infertility and Assisted Reproduction, edited by Armand Zini and Ashok Agarwal, 61–68. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asia Pacific Business Review.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. “Octopus That Walks On Land.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1998. FCC: Vehicle Monitoring Systems. OGC-98-68. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sousa, Kevin L. 2012. “Soul Seeking: A Crossing.” Doctoral dissertation, Carpinteria, CA: Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lichtblau, Eric. 2015. “Maryland Man Accused of Tapping Money From ISIS Operatives for a U.S. Attack.” New York Times, December 15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zuber 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Zuber 2003; Xu and Tao 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Xu and Tao 2003)
  • Three authors: (Tsushima, Sasaki, and Watanabe 2006)
  • 4 or more authors: (Kashiwaya et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleAsia Pacific Business Review
AbbreviationAsia Pac. Bus. Rev.
ISSN (print)1360-2381
ISSN (online)1743-792X
ScopeBusiness and International Management

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