How to format your references using the Asia Pacific Business Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asia Pacific Business Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Barratt, Alexandra. 2015. “Perspective: The Risks of Overdiagnosis.” Nature 527 (7578): S104.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lacroix, Benoît, and Vitaly Citovsky. 2013. “Characterization of VIP1 Activity as a Transcriptional Regulator in Vitro and in Planta.” Scientific Reports 3: 2440.
A journal article with 3 authors
Smith, Zachary M., Bertrand Delgutte, and Andrew J. Oxenham. 2002. “Chimaeric Sounds Reveal Dichotomies in Auditory Perception.” Nature 416 (6876): 87–90.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Aso, Ryotaro, Daisuke Kan, Yuichi Shimakawa, and Hiroki Kurata. 2013. “Atomic Level Observation of Octahedral Distortions at the Perovskite Oxide Heterointerface.” Scientific Reports 3: 2214.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Meghouar, Hicham. 2016. Corporate Takeover Targets. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Groisman, Pavel Ya, and Sergiy V. Ivanov, eds. 2009. Regional Aspects of Climate-Terrestrial-Hydrologic Interactions in Non-Boreal Eastern Europe. NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Mah, Kin Kheong, and Hwee Ming Cheng. 2015. “Mechanics of Respiration.” In Learning and Teaching Tools for Basic and Clinical Respiratory Physiology, edited by Hwee Ming Cheng, 53–63. SpringerBriefs in Physiology. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asia Pacific Business Review.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. “Trippy 360-Degree, Panoramic Time Lapse Of Night Sky.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1991. Air Traffic Control: FAA Can Better Forecast and Prevent Equipment Failures. RCED-91-179. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Barrios, Guadalupe. 2012. “Outreach Program to Address the Unmet Needs of Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom Veterans: A Grant Proposal.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Urbina, Ian, and Sheri Fink. 2014. “A Deadly Fungus and Questions at a Hospital.” New York Times, April 29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Barratt 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Barratt 2015; Lacroix and Citovsky 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lacroix and Citovsky 2013)
  • Three authors: (Smith, Delgutte, and Oxenham 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (Aso et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleAsia Pacific Business Review
AbbreviationAsia Pac. Bus. Rev.
ISSN (print)1360-2381
ISSN (online)1743-792X
ScopeBusiness and International Management

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