How to format your references using the ACS Combinatorial Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACS Combinatorial Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baldauf, S. L. The Deep Roots of Eukaryotes. Science 2003, 300 (5626), 1703–1706.
A journal article with 2 authors
Blander, J. M.; Medzhitov, R. Regulation of Phagosome Maturation by Signals from Toll-like Receptors. Science 2004, 304 (5673), 1014–1018.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mahadevan, A.; Thomas, L. N.; Tandon, A. Comment on “Eddy/Wind Interactions Stimulate Extraordinary Mid-Ocean Plankton Blooms.” Science 2008, 320 (5875), 448; author reply 448.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Doiron, B.; Chacron, M. J.; Maler, L.; Longtin, A.; Bastian, J. Inhibitory Feedback Required for Network Oscillatory Responses to Communication but Not Prey Stimuli. Nature 2003, 421 (6922), 539–543.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wells, A. R.; Chiang, K. Monetizing Your Data; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2017.
An edited book
Selected Areas in Cryptography: 13th International Workshop, SAC 2006, Montreal, Canada, August 17-18, 2006 Revised Selected Papers; Biham, E., Youssef, A. M., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007; Vol. 4356.
A chapter in an edited book
Nikolos, I. K.; Zografos, E. S.; Brintaki, A. N. UAV Path Planning Using Evolutionary Algorithms. In Innovations in Intelligent Machines - 1; Chahl, J. S., Jain, L. C., Mizutani, A., Sato-Ilic, M., Eds.; Kacprzyk, J., Series Ed.; Studies in Computational Intelligence; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007; pp 77–111.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACS Combinatorial Science.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Scientists Find Evidence For 430,000-year-old Murder. IFLScience. (accessed 2018-10-30).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. [Comments on FAA Reimbursement of Employees’ Ferry Fares]; B-247849.3; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mack, D. L. The Cost of Credit: Protecting Consumers in a Regulated Fringe Credit Market. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. Shuttle’s End Leaves NASA A Pension Bill. New York Times. June 15, 2011, p A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleACS Combinatorial Science
AbbreviationACS Comb. Sci.
ISSN (print)2156-8952
ISSN (online)2156-8944
ScopeGeneral Chemistry
General Medicine

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