How to format your references using the ACS Combinatorial Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACS Combinatorial Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kaplan, K. Show Us the Money. Nature 2009, 457 (7229), 624–625.
A journal article with 2 authors
Eichelkraut, T.; Szameit, A. Photonics: Random Sudoku Light. Nature 2015, 526 (7575), 643–644.
A journal article with 3 authors
Qi, Y.; Dolgushev, M.; Zhang, Z. Dynamics of Semiflexible Recursive Small-World Polymer Networks. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 7576.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Ozaki, K.; Spolski, R.; Feng, C. G.; Qi, C.-F.; Cheng, J.; Sher, A.; Morse, H. C., 3rd; Liu, C.; Schwartzberg, P. L.; Leonard, W. J. A Critical Role for IL-21 in Regulating Immunoglobulin Production. Science 2002, 298 (5598), 1630–1634.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Molino Sr., L. N. Emergency Incident Management Systems; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2006.
An edited book
Intelligent Methods for Cyber Warfare; Yager, R. R., Reformat, M. Z., Alajlan, N., Eds.; Studies in Computational Intelligence; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; Vol. 563.
A chapter in an edited book
Blaum, K.; Beck, D.; Breitenfeldt, M.; George, S.; Herfurth, F.; Herlert, A.; Kellerbauer, A.; Kluge, H.-J.; Lunney, D.; Savreux, R.; Schwarz, S.; Schweikhard, L.; Yazidjian, C. Penning Trap Mass Spectrometry for Nuclear Structure Studies. In LASER 2006: Proceedings of the 7th International Workshop on Application of Lasers in Atomic Nuclei Research “Nuclear Ground and Isometric State Properties” (LASER 2006) held in Poznán, Poland, 29 May–1 June 2006; Błaszczak, Z., Markov, B., Marinova, K., Eds.; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007; pp 83–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACS Combinatorial Science.

Blog post
Andrew, E. How Do Archaeologists Discover Forgotten Ancient Monuments?. IFLScience. (accessed 2018-10-30).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. ICBM Modernization: Availability Problems and Flight Test Delays in Peacekeeper Program; NSIAD-89-105; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dizon, F. Treatment and Return to Play of Three Runners with Bone Stress Injury and/or Other Traits of a Male-Version of the Female Athlete Triad: A Case Series. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J. NBC News Revamps Leadership and Focuses Abroad. New York Times. February 14, 2017, p B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleACS Combinatorial Science
AbbreviationACS Comb. Sci.
ISSN (print)2156-8952
ISSN (online)2156-8944
ScopeGeneral Chemistry
General Medicine

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