How to format your references using the ACS Combinatorial Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACS Combinatorial Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain, C. Troubled US Fusion Project Receives Cash Injection. Nature 2000, 405 (6783), 110.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wilks, J.; Golovkina, T. Immunology. Interfering with Interferons. Science 2015, 347 (6219), 233–234.
A journal article with 3 authors
McLeod, P.; Reed, N.; Dienes, Z. Psychophysics: How Fielders Arrive in Time to Catch the Ball. Nature 2003, 426 (6964), 244–245.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Matzuk, M. M.; Burns, K. H.; Viveiros, M. M.; Eppig, J. J. Intercellular Communication in the Mammalian Ovary: Oocytes Carry the Conversation. Science 2002, 296 (5576), 2178–2180.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vincoli, J. W. Basic Guide to System Safety; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2014.
An edited book
Information Technologies and Mathematical Modelling - Queueing Theory and Applications: 14th International Scientific Conference, ITMM 2015, Named after A. F. Terpugov, Anzhero-Sudzhensk, Russia, November 18-22, 2015, Proceedings; Dudin, A., Nazarov, A., Yakupov, R., Eds.; Communications in Computer and Information Science; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; Vol. 564.
A chapter in an edited book
Richter, L. J. Nonlinear Vibrational Spectroscopy. In Surface Science Techniques; Bracco, G., Holst, B., Eds.; Springer Series in Surface Sciences; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013; pp 137–161.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACS Combinatorial Science.

Blog post
Hale, T. Facebook Data Explores Truth Of Stereotypes About Cat-Lovers And Dog-Lovers (accessed 2018 -10 -30).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. DOD Business Systems Modernization: Continued Investment in Key Accounting Systems Needs to Be Justified; GAO-03-465; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rodriguez, J. M. Navy Supply Corps Officer’s Perspective on Effective Leadership. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, B. 27 Years After Protest, a Victory Lap for Saudi Women. New York Times. October 7, 2017, p A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleACS Combinatorial Science
AbbreviationACS Comb. Sci.
ISSN (print)2156-8952
ISSN (online)2156-8944
ScopeGeneral Chemistry
General Medicine

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