# How to format your references using the ACS Combinatorial Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACS Combinatorial Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

## Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

## Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
(1)
Blow, N. Functional Neuroscience: Changing the Colour of MRI. Nature 2009, 458 (7240), 926.
A journal article with 2 authors
(1)
Isalan, M.; Morrison, M. This Title Is False. Nature 2009, 458 (7241), 969.
A journal article with 3 authors
(1)
Joughin, I.; Abdalati, W.; Fahnestock, M. Large Fluctuations in Speed on Greenland’s Jakobshavn Isbrae Glacier. Nature 2004, 432 (7017), 608–610.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
(1)
Lindell, D.; Jaffe, J. D.; Johnson, Z. I.; Church, G. M.; Chisholm, S. W. Photosynthesis Genes in Marine Viruses Yield Proteins during Host Infection. Nature 2005, 438 (7064), 86–89.

## Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
(1)
Ytterdal, T.; Cheng, Y.; Fjeldly, T. A. Device Modeling for Analog and RF CMOS Circuit Design; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2003.
An edited book
(1)
Complex Plasmas: Scientific Challenges and Technological Opportunities; Bonitz, M., Lopez, J., Becker, K., Thomsen, H., Eds.; Springer Series on Atomic, Optical, and Plasma Physics; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2014; Vol. 82.
A chapter in an edited book
(1)
Zielosko, B. Sequential Optimization of $$\gamma$$ -Decision Rules Relative to Length, Coverage and Number of Misclassifications. In Transactions on Rough Sets XIX; Peters, J. F., Skowron, A., Ślȩzak, D., Nguyen, H. S., Bazan, J. G., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2015; pp 65–82.

## Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACS Combinatorial Science.

Blog post
(1)
Taub, B. Report Finds Rise Of Artificial Intelligence Could Spark Mass Unemployment And Inequality https://www.iflscience.com/technology/artificial-intelligence-could-cause-mass-unemployment-and-inequality/ (accessed Oct 30, 2018).

## Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
(1)
Government Accountability Office. National Aero-Space Plane: A Need for Program Direction and Funding Decisions; NSIAD-93-207; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1993.

## Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
(1)
Bryan, J. D. Team Development Social Networking and Its Impact on the Encouragement of Spiritual Leadership. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix: Phoenix, AZ, 2009.

## News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(1)
Hill, J.; Kramer, A. E. No Love for Valentine’s: In Russia, Florists Bank on a Day for Women. New York Times. March 8, 2017, p B7.

## In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.