How to format your references using the Asia Europe Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asia Europe Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chapuisat M (2014) Evolution. Smells like queen since the Cretaceous. Science 343:254–255
A journal article with 2 authors
Gao KQ, Shubin NH (2001) Late Jurassic salamanders from northern China. Nature 410:574–577
A journal article with 3 authors
Segawa Y, Yamashita M, Nozaki K (2006) Boryllithium: isolation, characterization, and reactivity as a boryl anion. Science 314:113–115
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Tom SM, Fox CR, Trepel C, Poldrack RA (2007) The neural basis of loss aversion in decision-making under risk. Science 315:515–518

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Attwood D, Baybutt P, Devlin C, et al (2006) Human Factors Methods for Improving Performance in the Process Industries. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Dong S, Kassam K-AS, Tourrand JF, Boone RB (eds) (2016) Building Resilience of Human-Natural Systems of Pastoralism in the Developing World: Interdisciplinary Perspectives. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Kilian T, Liesenfeld M (2014) What is so Difficult about Self-Scanning? A Comparative Study of three Self-Service Technologies for Retailing. In: Schramm-Klein H, Foscht T, Morschett D, et al. (eds) European Retail Research: 2013, Volume 27, Issue I. Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden, Wiesbaden, pp 79–94

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asia Europe Journal.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) The Unknown Crocodiles. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989) Traffic Congestion: Federal Efforts to Improve Mobility. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Eldridge RL (2012) A Comparative Quantitative Study of Private College Audit Fee Behavior in a Highly Regulated Environment. Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Burghardt LF (2007) Hempstead Board Rejects Belmont Park Flea Market. New York Times 14LI2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chapuisat 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Gao and Shubin 2001; Chapuisat 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gao and Shubin 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Tom et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleAsia Europe Journal
AbbreviationAsia Eur. J.
ISSN (print)1610-2932
ISSN (online)1612-1031
ScopeGeneral Business, Management and Accounting
General Social Sciences

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