How to format your references using the Asia Europe Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asia Europe Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gewin V (2003) With the United States on high alert over the possibility of bioterror attacks, epidemiologists are in huge demand. Nature 423:784–785
A journal article with 2 authors
Klug Boonstra S, Christensen P (2013) IBI series winner. Mars Student Imaging Project: real research by secondary students. Science 339:920–921
A journal article with 3 authors
Wechsler T, Newman S, West SC (2011) Aberrant chromosome morphology in human cells defective for Holliday junction resolution. Nature 471:642–646
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Brose U, Ostling A, Harrison K, Martinez ND (2004) Unified spatial scaling of species and their trophic interactions. Nature 428:167–171

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wright JR, Cooper JE (2014) Introduction to Aircraft Aeroelasticity and Loads. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Baum PF (2011) Topics in Algebraic and Topological K-Theory. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Saravacos G, Kostaropoulos AE (2016) Mechanical Separation Equipment. In: Kostaropoulos AE (ed) Handbook of Food Processing Equipment. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 233–292

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asia Europe Journal.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Scientists Develop Pill That Could Let Celiacs Eat Gluten. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2006) Abstinence Education: Efforts to Assess the Accuracy and Effectiveness of Federally Funded Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Eldanaf RG (2012) Angry Cherub. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sophia Kishkovsky; Compiled by (2005) Arts, Briefly; Ukrainian Song Rewritten for Eurovision Contest. New York Times E2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gewin 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Gewin 2003; Klug Boonstra and Christensen 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Klug Boonstra and Christensen 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Brose et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleAsia Europe Journal
AbbreviationAsia Eur. J.
ISSN (print)1610-2932
ISSN (online)1612-1031
ScopeGeneral Business, Management and Accounting
General Social Sciences

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