How to format your references using the Asia Europe Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asia Europe Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brashears ME (2013) Humans use compression heuristics to improve the recall of social networks. Sci Rep 3:1513
A journal article with 2 authors
Lincoln TA, Joyce GF (2009) Self-sustained replication of an RNA enzyme. Science 323:1229–1232
A journal article with 3 authors
Bradley P, Misura KMS, Baker D (2005) Toward high-resolution de novo structure prediction for small proteins. Science 309:1868–1871
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Wu L, Li S, He W, et al (2014) Automatic release of silicon nanowire arrays with a high integrity for flexible electronic devices. Sci Rep 4:3940

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Illian J, Penttinen A, Stoyan H, Stoyan D (2008) Statistical Analysis and Modelling of Spatial Point Patterns. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Duncan GT (2011) Statistical Confidentiality: Principles and Practice. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Harrath N, Monsuez B, Barkaoui K (2014) A Framework for Verification of SystemC Designs Using SystemC Waiting State Automata. In: Bouabana-Tebibel T, Rubin SH (eds) Integration of Reusable Systems. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 77–104

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asia Europe Journal.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) How To Protect Planes And Passengers From Explosions On The Surface Of The Sun. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007) NASA Procurement: Use of Award Fees for Achieving Program Outcomes Should Be Improved. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Martin JC (2008) Tbx18 and the epicardium in cardiac development and regenerative medicine. Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lowry MP (2015) Watching Assumptions Walk Out the Door. New York Times BU7

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brashears 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Lincoln and Joyce 2009; Brashears 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lincoln and Joyce 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Wu et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAsia Europe Journal
AbbreviationAsia Eur. J.
ISSN (print)1610-2932
ISSN (online)1612-1031
ScopeGeneral Business, Management and Accounting
General Social Sciences

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