How to format your references using the Asia Europe Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asia Europe Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kawamura Y (2014) Phase synchronization between collective rhythms of fully locked oscillator groups. Sci Rep 4:4832
A journal article with 2 authors
Petrovic M, Hummel T (2008) Temporal identity in axonal target layer recognition. Nature 456:800–803
A journal article with 3 authors
Huang S, Bai M, Wang L (2013) General and facile surface functionalization of hydrophobic nanocrystals with poly(amino acid) for cell luminescence imaging. Sci Rep 3:2023
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Cheng Y, Austin SC, Rocca B, et al (2002) Role of prostacyclin in the cardiovascular response to thromboxane A2. Science 296:539–541

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Liu S, Liu Y (2011) Modeling and Simulation for Microelectronic Packaging Assembly. John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte Ltd, Singapore
An edited book
Rook GAW (ed) (2009) The Hygiene Hypothesis and Darwinian Medicine. Birkhäuser, Basel
A chapter in an edited book
Mohd Noor N, Mohd Rijal O, Yunus A, et al (2014) Texture-Based Statistical Detection and Discrimination of Some Respiratory Diseases Using Chest Radiograph. In: Hum YC, Mohamad Salim MI, Ong S-B, et al. (eds) Advances in Medical Diagnostic Technology. Springer, Singapore, pp 75–97

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asia Europe Journal.

Blog post
Taub B (2016) Iowa Democratic Party Becomes First In US To Back Legalizing All Drugs. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2010) Joint Strike Fighter: Significant Challenges Remain as DOD Restructures Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bentley KJ (2016) Modern Public Market to Revitalize a Small Community. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J (2016) After Negotiations With NBC, Billy Bush Is Officially Off ‘Today.’ New York Times A13

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kawamura 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Petrovic and Hummel 2008; Kawamura 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Petrovic and Hummel 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Cheng et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleAsia Europe Journal
AbbreviationAsia Eur. J.
ISSN (print)1610-2932
ISSN (online)1612-1031
ScopeGeneral Business, Management and Accounting
General Social Sciences

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