How to format your references using the Arthroscopy: The Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Arthroscopy: The Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hunt G. Paleontology. Variation and early evolution. Science. 2007;317(5837):459-460.
A journal article with 2 authors
Meskhidze N, Nenes A. Phytoplankton and cloudiness in the Southern Ocean. Science. 2006;314(5804):1419-1423.
A journal article with 3 authors
Reznick DN, Mateos M, Springer MS. Independent origins and rapid evolution of the placenta in the fish genus Poeciliopsis. Science. 2002;298(5595):1018-1020.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wang Y, Juranek S, Li H, et al. Nucleation, propagation and cleavage of target RNAs in Ago silencing complexes. Nature. 2009;461(7265):754-761.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smith J, Roberts R. Vital Signs for Nurses. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
Buzug TM, Borgert J, eds. Magnetic Particle Imaging: A Novel SPIO Nanoparticle Imaging Technique. Vol 140. Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Sharma R, Yoder J, Kwon H, Pack D. Vision Based Mobile Target Geo-localization and Target Discrimination Using Bayes Detection Theory. In: Ani Hsieh M, Chirikjian G, eds. Distributed Autonomous Robotic Systems: The 11th International Symposium. Springer Tracts in Advanced Robotics. Springer; 2014:59-71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Arthroscopy: The Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery.

Blog post
Andrews R. Researcher Uses CRISPR To Edit DNA Of Healthy Human Embryos In Controversial World First. IFLScience. Published September 26, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Rail Safety: The Federal Railroad Administration Is Taking Steps to Better Target Its Oversight, but Assessment of Results Is Needed to Determine Impact. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Freund SH. The Relationship of Academic Courses to Skills Required Of Automobile Repair Technicians. Doctoral dissertation. Lindenwood University; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. A Great Goal for the United States, But Not the First or Only Great One. New York Times. June 27, 2010:SP1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleArthroscopy: The Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery
ISSN (print)0749-8063
ScopeOrthopedics and Sports Medicine

Other styles