How to format your references using the Arthroscopy: The Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Arthroscopy: The Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Haidt J. The new synthesis in moral psychology. Science. 2007;316(5827):998-1002.
A journal article with 2 authors
Allcott H, Mullainathan S. Energy. Behavior and energy policy. Science. 2010;327(5970):1204-1205.
A journal article with 3 authors
Paniagua-Domínguez R, Abujetas DR, Sánchez-Gil JA. Ultra low-loss, isotropic optical negative-index metamaterial based on hybrid metal-semiconductor nanowires. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1507.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Garb JE, Dimauro T, Vo V, Hayashi CY. Silk genes support the single origin of orb webs. Science. 2006;312(5781):1762.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fickelscherer RJ, Chester DL. Optimal Automated Process Fault Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
Verl A, Albu-Schäffer A, Brock O, Raatz A, eds. Soft Robotics: Transferring Theory to Application. Springer; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Shirshov AI. Some Theorems on Embedding of Rings. In: Bokut L, Shestakov I, Latyshev V, Zelmanov E, eds. Selected Works of A.I. Shirshov. Birkhäuser; 2009:47-54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Arthroscopy: The Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery.

Blog post
Evans K. World’s Largest Marine Protected Area Declared In Antarctica. IFLScience. Published October 28, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. IRS Website: Long-Term Strategy Needed to Improve Interactive Services. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2013.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Megowan G. A Correlation Study of Emotional Intelligence and Behavioral Style of Bio-Pharmaceutical Industry District Sales Managers. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW. Moody’s Credit Ratings of States To Factor In Unfunded Pensions. New York Times. January 27, 2011:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleArthroscopy: The Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery
ISSN (print)0749-8063
ScopeOrthopedics and Sports Medicine

Other styles