How to format your references using the Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bauer GEW. Applied physics. Mesmerizing semiconductors. Science. 2004;306(5703):1898-1899.
A journal article with 2 authors
Smith E, Shilatifard A. Developmental biology. Histone cross-talk in stem cells. Science. 2009;323(5911):221-222.
A journal article with 3 authors
Powell A, Shennan S, Thomas MG. Late Pleistocene demography and the appearance of modern human behavior. Science. 2009;324(5932):1298-1301.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Christians E, Davis AA, Thomas SD, Benjamin IJ. Maternal effect of Hsf1 on reproductive success. Nature. 2000;407(6805):693-694.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Silverstein D, Samuel P, Decarlo N. The Innovator’s Toolkit. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2008.
An edited book
Ray SK, ed. Glioblastoma: Molecular Mechanisms of Pathogenesis and Current Therapeutic Strategies. Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Iida T, Ito S, Tokonami S, Kojima C. Nano-optomechanics by Tailored Light Fields Under Fluctuations. In: Ohtsu M, Yatsui T, eds. Progress in Nanophotonics 3. Nano-Optics and Nanophotonics. Springer International Publishing; 2015:167-202.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services.

Blog post
Hale T. Why Do So Many People Sneeze When They Look At The Sun? IFLScience. Published January 18, 2017. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Finance: Observations on Potential FAA Funding Options. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pee GY. Sonochemical Remediation of Freshwater Sediments Contaminated with Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons. Doctoral dissertation. Ohio State University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dwyer J. Cruz’s Jab at Trump, and the Politics of Hypocrisy. New York Times. January 15, 2016:A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
AbbreviationJ. Psychosoc. Nurs. Ment. Health Serv.
ISSN (print)0279-3695
ISSN (online)1938-2413
ScopePhychiatric Mental Health

Other styles