How to format your references using the Archives of Virology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Virology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Martínez JL (2008) Antibiotics and antibiotic resistance genes in natural environments. Science 321:365–367
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Omenetto FG, Kaplan DL (2010) New opportunities for an ancient material. Science 329:528–531
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Booth LN, Tuch BB, Johnson AD (2010) Intercalation of a new tier of transcription regulation into an ancient circuit. Nature 468:959–963
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Sobolev AV, Hofmann AW, Brügmann G, et al (2008) A quantitative link between recycling and osmium isotopes. Science 321:536

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Stewart R (2012) Plautus and Roman Slavery. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
1.
Salo A, Keisler J, Morton A (2011) Portfolio Decision Analysis: Improved Methods for Resource Allocation. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
1.
García-Rey E (2012) Refixation of Detached Fragments. In: Rodrìguez-Merchán EC (ed) Articular Cartilage Defects of the Knee: Diagnosis and Treatment. Springer, Milano, pp 37–41

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Virology.

Blog post
1.
Hamilton K (2016) Our Slow, Uncertain Brains Are Still Better Than Computers – Here’s Why. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/brain/our-slow-uncertain-brains-are-still-better-than-computers-heres-why/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1983) Funding Information on the State Student Incentive Grant Program and Other Need-Based Student Aid Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Schey KA (2010) A paradigm for historical and biographical research in support of living history programming at Rancho Los Cerritos Historic Site. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Vecsey G (2011) An Underachieving Symbol of the Mets’ Lost Decade. New York Times B15

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Virology
AbbreviationArch. Virol.
ISSN (print)0304-8608
ISSN (online)1432-8798
ScopeVirology
General Medicine

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