How to format your references using the Archives of Virology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Virology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Smaglik P (2005) Management potential. Nature 435:123
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Landisman CE, Connors BW (2005) Long-term modulation of electrical synapses in the mammalian thalamus. Science 310:1809–1813
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Guler U, Boltasseva A, Shalaev VM (2014) Applied physics. Refractory plasmonics. Science 344:263–264
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Wang J, Rao S, Chu J, et al (2006) A protein interaction network for pluripotency of embryonic stem cells. Nature 444:364–368

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Stauffer HB (2007) Contemporary Bayesian and Frequentist Statistical Research Methods for Natural Resource Scientists. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Kenaan H, Ferber I (2011) Philosophy’s Moods: The Affective Grounds of Thinking. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Floreddu P, Cabiddu F, Pettinao D (2011) Public Participation in Environmental Decision-Making: The Case of PPGIS. In: D’Atri A, Ferrara M, George JF, Spagnoletti P (eds) Information Technology and Innovation Trends in Organizations: ItAIS: The Italian Association for Information Systems. Physica-Verlag HD, Heidelberg, pp 37–44

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Virology.

Blog post
1.
Fang J (2014) Hubble Spots Most Distant Cosmic Magnifying Glass Yet. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/hubble-spots-most-distant-cosmic-magnifying-glass-yet/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1980) Increasing Costs, Competition May Hinder U.S. Position of Leadership in High Energy Physics. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Coffman MW (2015) A National Study of the Relationship between Home Access to a Computer and Academic Performance Scores of Grade 12 U.S. Science Students: An Analysis of the 2009 NAEP Data. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Pilon M (2014) U.S.T.A. Faces Suit Over Sabbath Schedule. New York Times D4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Virology
AbbreviationArch. Virol.
ISSN (print)0304-8608
ISSN (online)1432-8798
ScopeVirology
General Medicine

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