How to format your references using the Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith DJ (2006) Predictability and preparedness in influenza control. Science 312:392–394
A journal article with 2 authors
Sutherland WJ, Burgman M (2015) Policy advice: Use experts wisely. Nature 526:317–318
A journal article with 3 authors
Scholey JM, Brust-Mascher I, Mogilner A (2003) Cell division. Nature 422:746–752
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Jaillais Y, Fobis-Loisy I, Miège C, et al (2006) AtSNX1 defines an endosome for auxin-carrier trafficking in Arabidopsis. Nature 443:106–109

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Levy G, Levin B (2014) The Biostatistics of Aging. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Pye K (2009) Aeolian Sand and Sand Dunes. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Bellout H, Bloom F (2014) General Existence and Uniqueness Theorems for Incompressible Bipolar and Non-Newtonian Fluid Flow. In: Bloom F (ed) Incompressible Bipolar and Non-Newtonian Viscous Fluid Flow. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 239–345

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering.

Blog post
Fang J (2015) Cassini Made One Final Flyby of Saturn’s Moon Dione. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1978) The Indian Self-Determination Act: Many Obstacles Remain. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Eaddy M (2008) An empirical assessment of the crosscutting concern problem. Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
de la MERCED MJ (2017) Rothschild Sets Sights On U.S. Tech Investments. New York Times B6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Computational Methods in Engineering
AbbreviationArch. Comput. Methods Eng.
ISSN (print)1134-3060
ISSN (online)1886-1784
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Applied Mathematics

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