How to format your references using the Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Butler D (2003) Report backs military axis on space. Nature 421:301
A journal article with 2 authors
Georgescu RE, O’Donnell M (2007) Structural biology. Getting DNA to unwind. Science 317:1181–1182
A journal article with 3 authors
Nowak MA, Tarnita CE, Wilson EO (2010) The evolution of eusociality. Nature 466:1057–1062
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Guo M, Chong YE, Beebe K, et al (2009) The C-Ala domain brings together editing and aminoacylation functions on one tRNA. Science 325:744–747

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mihajlovic-Madzarevic V (2010) Clinical Trials Audit Preparation. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Gavin DG (2015) Late Pleistocene and Holocene Environmental Change on the Olympic Peninsula, Washington. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Ito U, Hakamata Y, Watabe K, Oyanagi K (2013) Astrocytic Involvement in the Maturation Phenomenon After Temporary Cerebral Ischemia. In: Katayama Y, Maeda T, Kuroiwa T (eds) Brain Edema XV. Springer, Vienna, pp 23–29

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) Remains Of An Enormous Sea Creature Are Baffling Beach-Goers In Wales. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2002) Social Security Numbers: SSNs Are Widely Used by Government and Could Be Better Protected. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kopaygorodsky E (2001) Mathematical Model of Ultra-Rapid PSA. Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Raday S (2006) Diary of a Soldier’s Wife: Tie-Dye and Camo Don’t Mix. New York Times ST7

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Computational Methods in Engineering
AbbreviationArch. Comput. Methods Eng.
ISSN (print)1134-3060
ISSN (online)1886-1784
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Applied Mathematics

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