How to format your references using the Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Holt RD (2000) Evolutionary biology. Use it or lose it. Nature 407:689–690
A journal article with 2 authors
Munshi NV, Olson EN (2014) Translational medicine. Improving cardiac rhythm with a biological pacemaker. Science 345:268–269
A journal article with 3 authors
Bidle KD, Manganelli M, Azam F (2002) Regulation of oceanic silicon and carbon preservation by temperature control on bacteria. Science 298:1980–1984
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Yanagi I, Akahori R, Hatano T, Takeda K-I (2014) Fabricating nanopores with diameters of sub-1 nm to 3 nm using multilevel pulse-voltage injection. Sci Rep 4:5000

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Köhler A, Bässler H (2015) Electronic Processes in Organic Semiconductors. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Dong Y (2013) Material Appearance Modeling: A Data-Coherent Approach. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Gordon SM, Buchwald M (2006) The FANCC Gene and Its Products. In: Kirk SH (ed) Molecular Mechanisms of Fanconi Anemia. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 36–53

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew E (2013) Asteroid 2013 TV135: It’s Not Armageddon. In: IFLScience.’s-not-armageddon/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2009) Financial Literacy and Education Commission: Progress Made in Fostering Partnerships, but National Strategy Remains Largely Descriptive Rather Than Strategic. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mazgaeen L (2017) Differential RNAi Approaches to Enhance Knockdown Efficiency of Target Gene Transcripts in the Highly DDT-Resistant 91-R Strain of Drosophila melanogaster. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J (2016) Wilmore Signs Deal With ABC Studios. New York Times C3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Computational Methods in Engineering
AbbreviationArch. Comput. Methods Eng.
ISSN (print)1134-3060
ISSN (online)1886-1784
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Applied Mathematics

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