How to format your references using the Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kerr RA. PALEOCLIMATE: An Appealing Snowball Earth That’s Still Hard to Swallow. Science 2000;287:1734–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhan Z, Barnett SA. An octane-fueled solid oxide fuel cell. Science 2005;308:844–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Aitken RJ, Koopman P, Lewis SEM. Seeds of concern. Nature 2004;432:48–52.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Duprat J, Dobrică E, Engrand C, Aléon J, Marrocchi Y, Mostefaoui S, et al. Extreme deuterium excesses in ultracarbonaceous micrometeorites from central Antarctic snow. Science 2010;328:742–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Harte L. Reading the Contemporary Irish Novel 1987-2007. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
Babatunde Y. Cross-Cultural Management and Quality Performance: Chinese Construction Firms in Nigeria. Singapore: Springer; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Rovira-Esteva M, Pardo LC, Tamarit JLL, Bermejo FJ. Neutron Diffraction as a Tool to Explore the Free Energy Landscape in Orientationally Disordered Phases. In: Rzoska S, Drozd-Rzoska A, Mazur V, editors. Metastable Systems under Pressure, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2010, p. 63–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements.

Blog post
Hale T. Scientists Have Found A Weird Googly-Eyed Squid On The Seafloor. IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Space Station: Cost to Operate After Assembly is Uncertain. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cooper J. Numerical Modeling of Fluid Flow in a Porous Media Using Python. Doctoral dissertation. University of Louisiana, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B. A Princess (Maybe) With an Identity Crisis. New York Times 2017:C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements
ISSN (print)1878-6480

Other styles