How to format your references using the Arboricultural Journal: The International Journal of Urban Forestry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Arboricultural Journal: The International Journal of Urban Forestry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Koen, D. (2004). Nuts and bolts. Totally stumped? Nature, 431(7009), 722.
A journal article with 2 authors
Prokopenko, M., & Lizier, J. T. (2014). Transfer entropy and transient limits of computation. Scientific Reports, 4, 5394.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gerstner, W., Sprekeler, H., & Deco, G. (2012). Theory and simulation in neuroscience. Science (New York, N.Y.), 338(6103), 60–65.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Fisher, D. O., Double, M. C., Blomberg, S. P., Jennions, M. D., & Cockburn, A. (2006). Post-mating sexual selection increases lifetime fitness of polyandrous females in the wild. Nature, 444(7115), 89–92.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Narang, R. K. (2013). Inside the Black Box. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Noguera, P., Pierce, J., & Ahram, R. (Eds.). (2016). Race, Equity, and Education: Sixty Years from Brown. Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Xu, Y., & Liu, K. (2007). Evolutionary Grooming of Traffic in WDM Optical Networks. In L. C. Jain, V. Palade, & D. Srinivasan (Eds.), Advances in Evolutionary Computing for System Design (pp. 95–137). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Arboricultural Journal: The International Journal of Urban Forestry.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, July 7). New Hope for a Dengue Fever Vaccine. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2011). Information Technology: DHS Needs to Improve Its Independent Acquisition Reviews (GAO-11-581). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Platt, J. B. (2008). Feast in the time of terror: Stalinist temporal paradox and the 1937 Pushkin Jubilee [Doctoral dissertation]. Columbia University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B. (2016, December 13). So Smart (but Truly Vile). New York Times, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Koen, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Koen, 2004; Prokopenko & Lizier, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Prokopenko & Lizier, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Gerstner et al., 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Fisher et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleArboricultural Journal: The International Journal of Urban Forestry
AbbreviationArboric. J.
ISSN (print)0307-1375
ISSN (online)2168-1074
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science

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