How to format your references using the Arboricultural Journal: The International Journal of Urban Forestry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Arboricultural Journal: The International Journal of Urban Forestry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baker, D. N. (2000). Keeping editors in line. Science (New York, N.Y.), 289(5479), 550b.
A journal article with 2 authors
Khakh, B. S., & North, R. A. (2006). P2X receptors as cell-surface ATP sensors in health and disease. Nature, 442(7102), 527–532.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, K. H., Penmatsa, A., & Gouaux, E. (2015). Neurotransmitter and psychostimulant recognition by the dopamine transporter. Nature, 521(7552), 322–327.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Dougherty, M. K., Khurana, K. K., Neubauer, F. M., Russell, C. T., Saur, J., Leisner, J. S., & Burton, M. E. (2006). Identification of a dynamic atmosphere at Enceladus with the Cassini magnetometer. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5766), 1406–1409.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gao, J. (2015). Heterojunction Bipolar Transistors for Circuit Design. John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd.
An edited book
Dorigo, M., Birattari, M., Caro, G. A. D., Doursat, R., Engelbrecht, A. P., Floreano, D., Gambardella, L. M., Groß, R., Şahin, E., Sayama, H., & Stützle, T. (Eds.). (2010). Swarm Intelligence: 7th International Conference, ANTS 2010, Brussels, Belgium, September 8-10, 2010. Proceedings (Vol. 6234). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Baklanov, A., Bjergene, N., Fay, B., Finardi, S., Gross, A., Jantunen, M., Kukkonen, J., Rasmussen, A., Skouloudis, A., Slørdal, L. H., & Sokhi, R. S. (2006). Forecasting Urban Meteorology, Air Pollution and Population Exposure (European FUMAPEX Project). In C. Borrego & A.-L. Norman (Eds.), Air Pollution Modeling and Its Application XVII (pp. 29–40). Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Arboricultural Journal: The International Journal of Urban Forestry.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2013, November 29). Amazing Photograph Shows Birth and Death of Star. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2000). Intercity Passenger Rail: Amtrak Needs to Improve Its Accountability for Taxpayer Relief Act Funds (RCED/AIMD-00-78). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yu, G. (2013). Religious/spiritual beliefs and practices of Asian/Asian American mental health professionals & students and the impact on treatment [Doctoral dissertation]. Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J. (2016, October 20). Final Debate Is Watched by 71 Million. New York Times, A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baker, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Baker, 2000; Khakh & North, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Khakh & North, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Wang et al., 2015)
  • 6 or more authors: (Dougherty et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleArboricultural Journal: The International Journal of Urban Forestry
AbbreviationArboric. J.
ISSN (print)0307-1375
ISSN (online)2168-1074
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science

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