How to format your references using the Arab Journal of Urology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Arab Journal of Urology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Winchester S. China: The man who unveiled China. Nature 2008;454:409–11.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Huey RB, Moody WJ. Neuroscience and evolution. Snake sodium channels resist TTX arrest. Science 2002;297:1289–90.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Toulokhonov I, Artsimovitch I, Landick R. Allosteric control of RNA polymerase by a site that contacts nascent RNA hairpins. Science 2001;292:730–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Rickert M, Wang X, Boulanger MJ, Goriatcheva N, Garcia KC. The structure of interleukin-2 complexed with its alpha receptor. Science 2005;308:1477–80.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Balani K, Verma V, Agarwal A, Narayan R. Biosurfaces. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2014.
An edited book
[1]
Berkowitz S, editor. Cleft Lip and Palate. 2nd Edition. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Schwille P, Ries J. Principles and Applications of Fluorescence Correlation Spectroscopy (FCS). In: Bartolo BD, Collins J, editors. Biophotonics: Spectroscopy, Imaging, Sensing, and Manipulation, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011, p. 63–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Arab Journal of Urology.

Blog post
[1]
Luntz S. Climate Change Not The Cause Of Stone Age Innovations. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/technology/climate-change-not-the-cause-of-stone-age-innovations/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Digests of Unpublished Decisions of the Comptroller General of the United States, Vol. IV, No. 2. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Green RB. Bluetooth telemetry system for a wearable electrocardiogram. Doctoral dissertation. Mississippi State University, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Barron J. Van Wyck Guardrails Take a Beating From Cars and Trump. New York Times 2017:A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleArab Journal of Urology
AbbreviationArab J. Urol.
ISSN (print)2090-598X
ScopeUrology

Other styles