How to format your references using the Arab Journal of Urology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Arab Journal of Urology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Plotkin JB. Cell biology. The lives of proteins. Science 2011;331:683–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Haney CH, Ausubel FM. MICROBIOME. Plant microbiome blueprints. Science 2015;349:788–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Berken A, Thomas C, Wittinghofer A. A new family of RhoGEFs activates the Rop molecular switch in plants. Nature 2005;436:1176–80.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Halic M, Blau M, Becker T, Mielke T, Pool MR, Wild K, et al. Following the signal sequence from ribosomal tunnel exit to signal recognition particle. Nature 2006;444:507–11.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Glover F, Klingman D, Phillips NV. Network Models in Optimization and their Applications in Practice. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 1992.
An edited book
[1]
White B, King I, Tsang P, editors. Social Media Tools and Platforms in Learning Environments. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Sohi GS, Vijaykumar TN. Speculatively Multithreaded Architectures. In: Keckler SW, Olukotun K, Hofstee HP, editors. Multicore Processors and Systems, Boston, MA: Springer US; 2009, p. 111–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Arab Journal of Urology.

Blog post
[1]
Davis J. Fracking Set To Take Place In England For First Time In Five Years. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/fracking-set-take-place-england-first-time-five-years/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Use of Information Technology in Hospitals. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Collins K. Learning to live in the layers: Traveling soul’s way through poetry. Doctoral dissertation. Pacifica Graduate Institute, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Rosenberg E. Doctor Is Charged in Death After an Abortion. New York Times 2016:A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleArab Journal of Urology
AbbreviationArab J. Urol.
ISSN (print)2090-598X
ScopeUrology

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