How to format your references using the Arab Journal of Urology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Arab Journal of Urology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Mahowald N. Aerosol indirect effect on biogeochemical cycles and climate. Science 2011;334:794–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Ikeda T, Ube T. Materials science: A superelastic organic crystal. Nature 2014;511:300–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Lazzaro BP, Sceurman BK, Clark AG. Genetic basis of natural variation in D. melanogaster antibacterial immunity. Science 2004;303:1873–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Eremeev SV, Nechaev IA, Echenique PM, Chulkov EV. Spin-helical Dirac states in graphene induced by polar-substrate surfaces with giant spin-orbit interaction: a new platform for spintronics. Sci Rep 2014;4:6900.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Lieberman JA, Tasman A. Handbook of Psychiatric Drugs. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
[1]
Morser J, Nishikawa S-I, Schöler HR, editors. Stem Cells in Reproduction and in the Brain. vol. 60. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Carrasco E, Epelde G, Moreno A, Ortiz A, Garcia I, Buiza C, et al. Natural Interaction between Avatars and Persons with Alzheimer’s Disease. In: Miesenberger K, Klaus J, Zagler W, Karshmer A, editors. Computers Helping People with Special Needs: 11th International Conference, ICCHP 2008, Linz, Austria, July 9-11, 2008. Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008, p. 38–45.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Arab Journal of Urology.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Gamma-Ray Burst 130427A One Of The Brightest Ever Recorded. IFLScience 2013. https://www.iflscience.com/space/gamma-ray-burst-130427a-one-brightest-ever-recorded/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. The Readiness Goal. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
McCarty A. Measuring the impact of training in the implementation of project management information systems. Doctoral dissertation. University of Maryland, College Park, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Nir SM, Rosenberg E. ­Recreation and Commerce Collide on City’s Crowded Waterways. New York Times 2016:A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleArab Journal of Urology
AbbreviationArab J. Urol.
ISSN (print)2090-598X
ScopeUrology

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