How to format your references using the Aquatic Toxicology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquatic Toxicology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bunk, S., 2001. Better microscopes will be instrumental in nanotechnology development. Nature 410, 127–129.
A journal article with 2 authors
Canfield, D.E., Kump, L.R., 2013. Geochemistry. Carbon cycle makeover. Science 339, 533–534.
A journal article with 3 authors
Steinacher, M., Joos, F., Stocker, T.F., 2013. Allowable carbon emissions lowered by multiple climate targets. Nature 499, 197–201.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lewis, R.A., Bruno-Alfonso, A., de Souza, G.V.B., Vickers, R.E.M., Colla, J.A., Constable, E., 2013. Spherical, cylindrical and tetrahedral symmetries; hydrogenic states at high magnetic field in Si:P. Sci. Rep. 3, 3488.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kanel, G.C., 2017. Pathology of Liver Diseases. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Hazzan, O., 2014. Agile Anywhere: Essays on Agile Projects and Beyond, SpringerBriefs in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Koziel, S., Ogurtsov, S., 2014. Methodologies for Variable-Fidelity Optimization of Antenna Structures, in: Ogurtsov, S. (Ed.), Antenna Design by Simulation-Driven Optimization, SpringerBriefs in Optimization. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 25–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquatic Toxicology.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2017. Tiny Canadian Town Suddenly Has Bright Pink Tap Water [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1991. Tax System Modernization: Status of On-Line Files Initiative and Telecommunications Planning (No. IMTEC-91-41FS). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rodriguez, S.G., 2010. Devotion to land: The Virgin Mary and the Mudejar in the post-conquest program of Alfonso X of Castile, 1252–1284 (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W., 2011. Alabama Governor Fails to Prevent Jefferson County’s Record $4 Billion Bankruptcy Filing. New York Times A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bunk, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Bunk, 2001; Canfield and Kump, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Canfield and Kump, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Lewis et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquatic Toxicology
AbbreviationAquat. Toxicol.
ISSN (print)0166-445X
ScopeAquatic Science
Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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