How to format your references using the Aquatic Toxicology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquatic Toxicology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Simpson, F., 2001. Resistance to mantle flow inferred from the electromagnetic strike of the Australian upper mantle. Nature 412, 632–635.
A journal article with 2 authors
Simmons, S.F., Brown, K.L., 2006. Gold in magmatic hydrothermal solutions and the rapid formation of a giant ore deposit. Science 314, 288–291.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mazmanian, S.K., Round, J.L., Kasper, D.L., 2008. A microbial symbiosis factor prevents intestinal inflammatory disease. Nature 453, 620–625.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Maga, G., Villani, G., Crespan, E., Wimmer, U., Ferrari, E., Bertocci, B., Hübscher, U., 2007. 8-oxo-guanine bypass by human DNA polymerases in the presence of auxiliary proteins. Nature 447, 606–608.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zelterman, D., 2005. Discrete Distributions: Applications in the Health Sciences, Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Hu, B., Morasch, K., Pickl, S., Siegle, M. (Eds.), 2011. Operations Research Proceedings 2010: Selected Papers of the Annual International Conference of the German Operations Research Society, Operations Research Proceedings, GOR (Gesellschaft für Operations Research e.V.). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Khaleel, H., Singh, C., White, C., Al-Rizzo, H., Mohan, S., 2015. Novel Wireless Systems for Telemedicine and Body Area Networks Applications, in: Plantier, G., Schultz, T., Fred, A., Gamboa, H. (Eds.), Biomedical Engineering Systems and Technologies: 7th International Joint Conference, BIOSTEC 2014, Angers, France, March 3-6, 2014, Revised Selected Papers, Communications in Computer and Information Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 52–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquatic Toxicology.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2016. 60-Year-Old Woman Wins Appeal To Become Pregnant With Dead Daughter’s Eggs [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1997. JFMIP News: A Newsletter for Government Financial Managers, Fall 1997, Vol. 9, No. 3 (No. 159627). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
De Ros, K.M., 2008. A content analysis of television ads: Does current practice maximize cognitive processing? (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Farrell, J.A., 2016. Tricky Dick’s Vietnam Treachery. New York Times SR9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Simpson, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Simmons and Brown, 2006; Simpson, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Simmons and Brown, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Maga et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquatic Toxicology
AbbreviationAquat. Toxicol.
ISSN (print)0166-445X
ScopeAquatic Science
Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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