How to format your references using the Aquatic Toxicology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquatic Toxicology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McBride, H., 2003. Young scientist: women mentoring women. Nature 426, 588.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bjerrum, C.J., Canfield, D.E., 2002. Ocean productivity before about 1.9 Gyr ago limited by phosphorus adsorption onto iron oxides. Nature 417, 159–162.
A journal article with 3 authors
Neves, S.R., Ram, P.T., Iyengar, R., 2002. G protein pathways. Science 296, 1636–1639.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ikeda, H., Heinke, B., Ruscheweyh, R., Sandkühler, J., 2003. Synaptic plasticity in spinal lamina I projection neurons that mediate hyperalgesia. Science 299, 1237–1240.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Böhmer, E., 2015. Dentistry in Rabbits and Rodents. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Hildmann, H., 2006. Middle Ear Surgery. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Shi, M., Zhang, C., Xie, Y., Xu, D., 2015. Stereoselective inclusion mechanism of ketoprofen into β -cyclodextrin: insights from molecular dynamics simulations and free energy calculations, in: Guo, H., Xie, D., Yang, W. (Eds.), Guosen Yan: A Festschrift from Theoretical Chemistry Accounts, Highlights in Theoretical Chemistry. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 29–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquatic Toxicology.

Blog post
Evans, K., 2017. Whale That Had To Be Euthanized Found With 30 Plastic Bags In Its Stomach [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2014. Information Technology: HUD Can Take Additional Actions to Improve Its Governance (No. GAO-15-56). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bunt, E., 2010. The saxophone works of Karlheinz Stockhausen (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grow, M.L., 2015. Gun Rights for Terrorists. New York Times A27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McBride, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Bjerrum and Canfield, 2002; McBride, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bjerrum and Canfield, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Ikeda et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquatic Toxicology
AbbreviationAquat. Toxicol.
ISSN (print)0166-445X
ScopeAquatic Science
Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Other styles