How to format your references using the Aquatic Toxicology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquatic Toxicology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
DeLong, E.F., 2007. Microbiology. Life on the thermodynamic edge. Science 317, 327–328.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bjørnerud, M.G., Austrheim, H., 2006. Geophysics: hot fluids or rock in eclogite metamorphism? Nature 440, E4; discussion E4-5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gustafson, J.L., Lim, D., Miller, S.J., 2010. Dynamic kinetic resolution of biaryl atropisomers via peptide-catalyzed asymmetric bromination. Science 328, 1251–1255.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gu, T.-P., Guo, F., Yang, H., Wu, H.-P., Xu, G.-F., Liu, W., Xie, Z.-G., Shi, L., He, X., Jin, S.-G., Iqbal, K., Shi, Y.G., Deng, Z., Szabó, P.E., Pfeifer, G.P., Li, J., Xu, G.-L., 2011. The role of Tet3 DNA dioxygenase in epigenetic reprogramming by oocytes. Nature 477, 606–610.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McGeough, J.A., 2013. The Engineering of Human Joint Replacements. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Ang, M.H., Khatib, O. (Eds.), 2006. Experimental Robotics IX: The 9th International Symposium on Experimental Robotics, Springer Tracts in Advanced Robotics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Vinod Kumar, T.M., Bimal, P., 2015. E-Governance for Public Realm: Around Panniyankara Monorail Station, Kozhikode, Kerala, in: Vinod Kumar, T.M. (Ed.), E-Governance for Smart Cities, Advances in 21st Century Human Settlements. Springer, Singapore, pp. 99–157.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquatic Toxicology.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2017. Black Holes Are Even Stranger Than You Can Imagine [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1990. Savings Opportunity for the United States Mint’s Promotional Mailings (No. T-GGD-90-34). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zhao, Y., 2005. Studies on Error Control of 3-D Zerotree Wavelet Video Streaming (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kinsley, M., 2017. Can There Be Nothing Good to Say? New York Times SR2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (DeLong, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Bjørnerud and Austrheim, 2006; DeLong, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bjørnerud and Austrheim, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Gu et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquatic Toxicology
AbbreviationAquat. Toxicol.
ISSN (print)0166-445X
ScopeAquatic Science
Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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