How to format your references using the Aquatic Toxicology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquatic Toxicology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hunt, M.L., 2013. Applied physics. Robotic walking in the real world. Science 339, 1389–1390.
A journal article with 2 authors
Weber, W.J., Ewing, R.C., 2000. Plutonium immobilization and radiation effects. Science 289, 2051–2052.
A journal article with 3 authors
van den Heuvel, M.G.L., de Graaff, M.P., Dekker, C., 2006. Molecular sorting by electrical steering of microtubules in kinesin-coated channels. Science 312, 910–914.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Emery, P., Stanewsky, R., Hall, J.C., Rosbash, M., 2000. A unique circadian-rhythm photoreceptor. Nature 404, 456–457.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Freeman, R.L., 2002. Reference Manual for Telecommunications Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Pinedo, H.M., Smorenburg, C.H. (Eds.), 2006. Drugs Affecting Growth of Tumours, Milestones in Drug Therapy. Birkhäuser, Basel.
A chapter in an edited book
Gross, O., Thomas, C.J., Layland, L.E., 2011. Inflammasome Activation in Response to Eukaryotic Pathogens, in: Couillin, I., Pétrilli, V., Martinon, F. (Eds.), The Inflammasomes. Springer, Basel, pp. 65–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquatic Toxicology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Ever Wonder Why Your Poop is Sometimes Green? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1976. Bilingual Education: An Unmet Need (No. MWD-76-25). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rivers, M., 2012. Bridging the knowledge gap between the Baby Boomers and the multigenerations (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Harris, E.A., Moynihan, C., 2014. Brooklyn Teacher Is Accused of Abusing Girls for 3 Years. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hunt, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Hunt, 2013; Weber and Ewing, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Weber and Ewing, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Emery et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquatic Toxicology
AbbreviationAquat. Toxicol.
ISSN (print)0166-445X
ScopeAquatic Science
Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Other styles