How to format your references using the Aquaculture International citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquaculture International. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abbott A (2003) Human fatality adds fresh impetus to fight against bird flu. Nature 423:5
A journal article with 2 authors
Burns JA, Cuzzi JN (2006) Planetary science. Our local astrophysical laboratory. Science 312:1753–1755
A journal article with 3 authors
Hayashi K, de Sousa Lopes SMC, Surani MA (2007) Germ cell specification in mice. Science 316:394–396
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Li C, Fu L, Ouyang J, Yang H (2013) Enhanced performance and interfacial investigation of mineral-based composite phase change materials for thermal energy storage. Sci Rep 3:1908

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Knudsen S (2005) Guide to Analysis of DNA Microarray Data. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Saha SK (2015) Critical Heat Flux in Flow Boiling in Microchannels. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Bentivoglio M, Nygård M, Palomba M, Kristensson K (2007) The Biological Clock in Inflammation and Sleep Switch Alterations. In: Pandi-Perumal SR, Cardinali DP, Chrousos GP (eds) Neuroimmunology of Sleep. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 87–96

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquaculture International.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Child Receives Double Hand Transplant. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989) Supplemental Student Loans: Who Borrows and Who Defaults. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Astorga J (2012) Mentoring program for emancipated foster youth: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland J (2016) Mystery Ends: Date and Venue Are Set for Chess Event. New York Times A17

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Abbott 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Abbott 2003; Burns and Cuzzi 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Burns and Cuzzi 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquaculture International
AbbreviationAquac. Int.
ISSN (print)0967-6120
ISSN (online)1573-143X
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Aquatic Science

Other styles