How to format your references using the Aquaculture International citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquaculture International. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Konner M (2002) Seeking universals. Nature 415:121
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhou W-X, Chen K-Q (2014) Enhancement of thermoelectric performance by reducing phonon thermal conductance in multiple core-shell nanowires. Sci Rep 4:7150
A journal article with 3 authors
Didham RK, Ewers RM, Gemmell NJ (2005) Comment on “Avian extinction and mammalian introductions on oceanic islands.” Science 307:1412; author reply 1412
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Frusawa H, Manabe T, Kagiyama E, et al (2013) Electric moulding of dispersed lipid nanotubes into a nanofluidic device. Sci Rep 3:2165

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bielecki TR, Brigo D, Patras F (2011) Credit Risk Frontiers. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Ponsky LE, Fuller DB, Meier RM, Ma C (eds) (2012) Robotic Radiosurgery. Treating Prostate Cancer and Related Genitourinary Applications. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Chou CL, Bell J, Chou CM, Chang A (2014) Remediation of Interpersonal and Communication Skills. In: Kalet A, Chou CL (eds) Remediation in Medical Education: A Mid-Course Correction. Springer, New York, NY, pp 55–66

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquaculture International.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2016) How A Single Word Sparked A Four-Year Saga Of Climate Fact-Checking And Blog Backlash. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2014) Small Business Innovation Research: Change in Program Eligibility Has Had Little Impact. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Restrepo E (2009) Eventalizing blackness in Colombia. Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Parker J (2016) Dear Diary (Volume 1 of 148). New York Times BR23

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Konner 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Konner 2002; Zhou and Chen 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zhou and Chen 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Frusawa et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquaculture International
AbbreviationAquac. Int.
ISSN (print)0967-6120
ISSN (online)1573-143X
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Aquatic Science

Other styles