How to format your references using the Aquaculture International citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquaculture International. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gammon K (2014) Drug discovery: Leaving no stone unturned. Nature 509:S10-2
A journal article with 2 authors
von Messling V, Cattaneo R (2012) Virology. A henipavirus vaccine in sight. Science 337:651–652
A journal article with 3 authors
Jankowski P, McKellar ARW, Szalewicz K (2012) Theory untangles the high-resolution infrared spectrum of the ortho-H2-CO van der Waals complex. Science 336:1147–1150
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Downs JP, Daeschler EB, Jenkins FA Jr, Shubin NH (2008) The cranial endoskeleton of Tiktaalik roseae. Nature 455:925–929

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bays DH (2011) A New History of Christianity in China. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Kerikmäe T, Rull A (eds) (2016) The Future of Law and eTechnologies, 1st ed. 2016. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Schneider JK (2008) Ultrasonic Fingerprint Sensors. In: Ratha NK, Govindaraju V (eds) Advances in Biometrics: Sensors, Algorithms and Systems. Springer, London, pp 63–74

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquaculture International.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) What’s Causing This Mysterious Sleeping Sickness In A Village In Kazakhstan? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2001) Financial Management: Misstatements of NASA’s Statement of Budgetary Resources. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
BenVau L (2014) Effects of larval Nosema ceranae infection on adult honey bee (Apis mellifera) morphology and physiology. Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly SR (2013) A Bend in the River. New York Times A35

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gammon 2014).
This sentence cites two references (von Messling and Cattaneo 2012; Gammon 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (von Messling and Cattaneo 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Downs et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquaculture International
AbbreviationAquac. Int.
ISSN (print)0967-6120
ISSN (online)1573-143X
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Aquatic Science

Other styles