How to format your references using the Aquaculture International citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquaculture International. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Leary RH (2001) Energy landscapes. Flirting with catastrophe. Science 293:2013–2014
A journal article with 2 authors
Sajish M, Schimmel P (2015) A human tRNA synthetase is a potent PARP1-activating effector target for resveratrol. Nature 519:370–373
A journal article with 3 authors
Williams MA, Tyznik AJ, Bevan MJ (2006) Interleukin-2 signals during priming are required for secondary expansion of CD8+ memory T cells. Nature 441:890–893
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Song Q, Gu Z, Liu S, Xiao S (2014) Coherent destruction of tunneling in chaotic microcavities via three-state anti-crossings. Sci Rep 4:4858

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jazar RN (2011) Advanced Dynamics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Groettrup M (ed) (2010) Conjugation and Deconjugation of Ubiquitin Family Modifiers: Subcellular Biochemistry. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Babé A, Labbé D, Monot F, et al (2007) Biodegradability of Oxygenates by Microflora from MTBE-Contaminated Sites: New Molecular Tools. In: Barceló D (ed) Fuel Oxygenates. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 75–98

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquaculture International.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2016) Addicted To Oil: US Gasoline Consumption Is Higher Than Ever. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1972) Settlement of Accounts of Certifying Officer, Lewis Research Center. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Reyes JM (2010) A support group for adults with rheumatoid arthritis. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara S (2015) Exploring Gender as Disguise and Identity. New York Times CT10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Leary 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Leary 2001; Sajish and Schimmel 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sajish and Schimmel 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Song et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquaculture International
AbbreviationAquac. Int.
ISSN (print)0967-6120
ISSN (online)1573-143X
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Aquatic Science

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