How to format your references using the Aquaculture International citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquaculture International. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ciesla FJ (2008) Planetary science. Observing our origins. Science 319:1488–1489
A journal article with 2 authors
Fletcher DA, Mullins RD (2010) Cell mechanics and the cytoskeleton. Nature 463:485–492
A journal article with 3 authors
Pavlov P, Svendsen JI, Indrelid S (2001) Human presence in the European Arctic nearly 40,000 years ago. Nature 413:64–67
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Keenan RA, De Riva A, Corleis B, et al (2008) Censoring of autoreactive B cell development by the pre-B cell receptor. Science 321:696–699

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mackevičius V (2011) Introduction to Stochastic Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Dutta R, Kamal AE, Rouskas GN (eds) (2008) Traffic Grooming for Optical Networks: Foundations, Techniques, and Frontiers. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Liu R, Zhang H, Yang Z (2013) How Does a Researcher Become an Entrepreneur in the High-Tech Industrial Cluster? A Case Study. In: Ferreira JJM, Raposo M, Rutten R, Varga A (eds) Cooperation, Clusters, and Knowledge Transfer: Universities and Firms Towards Regional Competitiveness. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 59–80

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquaculture International.

Blog post
Andrew D (2016) Traveling To Mars With Immortal Plasma Rockets. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1974) Expenditures of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration for Public Relations Activities. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Valencia GM (2015) A Phenomenological Study of Adults Earning a Graduate Degree after Age 60. Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barry E, Kishkovsky S (2008) Russian President Sends Obama Warning on European Missile System. New York Times A6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ciesla 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Ciesla 2008; Fletcher and Mullins 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fletcher and Mullins 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Keenan et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquaculture International
AbbreviationAquac. Int.
ISSN (print)0967-6120
ISSN (online)1573-143X
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Aquatic Science

Other styles