How to format your references using the Applied Nanoscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Nanoscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith C (2003) Drug target validation: Hitting the target. Nature 422:341, 343, 345 passim
A journal article with 2 authors
Stoneburner RL, Low-Beer D (2004) Population-level HIV declines and behavioral risk avoidance in Uganda. Science 304:714–718
A journal article with 3 authors
Miller-Butterworth CM, Jacobs DS, Harley EH (2003) Strong population substructure is correlated with morphology and ecology in a migratory bat. Nature 424:187–191
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Yu J, Xie Z, Kang H, et al (2014) High variability of atmospheric mercury in the summertime boundary layer through the central Arctic Ocean. Sci Rep 4:6091

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gunn A, Pitt SJ (2012) Parasitology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Doucet I, Janssens N (eds) (2011) Transdisciplinary Knowledge Production in Architecture and Urbanism: Towards Hybrid Modes of Inquiry. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Coughlan JM, Shen H (2012) The Crosswatch Traffic Intersection Analyzer: A Roadmap for the Future. In: Miesenberger K, Karshmer A, Penaz P, Zagler W (eds) Computers Helping People with Special Needs: 13th International Conference, ICCHP 2012, Linz, Austria, July 11-13, 2012, Proceedings, Part II. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 25–28

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Nanoscience.

Blog post
Andrews R (2016) Dominance-Asserting “Power Poses” Are Probably As Ineffective As They Are Awkward. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/dominanceasserting-power-poses-ineffective-awkward/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2000) Math and Science Education: Comprehensive Information About Federally Funded Materials Not Available. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bodenmiller JJ (2015) A quantitative relational analysis of leadership style and leader-accountability in nonprofit organizations. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland J (2016) The ‘Oldest Old’ Brave Another Year. New York Times MB1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smith 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Smith 2003; Stoneburner and Low-Beer 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stoneburner and Low-Beer 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Yu et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Nanoscience
AbbreviationAppl. Nanosci.
ISSN (print)2190-5509
ISSN (online)2190-5517
Scope

Other styles