How to format your references using the Applied Nanoscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Nanoscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abbott NL (2013) Applied physics. Colloid science collides with liquid crystals. Science 342:1326–1327
A journal article with 2 authors
Slessareva JE, Dohlman HG (2006) G protein signaling in yeast: new components, new connections, new compartments. Science 314:1412–1413
A journal article with 3 authors
Cerda E, Ravi-Chandar K, Mahadevan L (2002) Thin films. Wrinkling of an elastic sheet under tension. Nature 419:579–580
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Zwierlein MW, Abo-Shaeer JR, Schirotzek A, et al (2005) Vortices and superfluidity in a strongly interacting Fermi gas. Nature 435:1047–1051

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bayés de Luna A (2011) Clinical Arrhythmology. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Pitt JI (2009) Fungi and Food Spoilage. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Dissanayake CB, Chandrajith R (2009) Iodine Geochemistry and Health. In: Chandrajith R (ed) Introduction to Medical Geology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 99–137

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Nanoscience.

Blog post
Andrew D (2016) Are Aliens Trying To Tell Us Something? Brightest Burst Of Radio Waves Detected. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990) Loma Prieta Earthquake: Collapse of the Bay Bridge and the Cypress Viaduct. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brecese JA (2012) Out of Our Depth: Hyper-Extensionality and the Return of Three-Dimensional Media. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Quain JR (2016) When a Sound System Can Mean Life or Death. New York Times B3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Abbott 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Slessareva and Dohlman 2006; Abbott 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Slessareva and Dohlman 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Zwierlein et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Nanoscience
AbbreviationAppl. Nanosci.
ISSN (print)2190-5509
ISSN (online)2190-5517

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