How to format your references using the Annual Review of Sociology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Sociology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nossal GJV. 2003. The double helix and immunology. Nature. 421(6921):440–44
A journal article with 2 authors
Bayes JJ, Malik HS. 2009. Altered heterochromatin binding by a hybrid sterility protein in Drosophila sibling species. Science. 326(5959):1538–41
A journal article with 3 authors
Domínguez-García V, Pigolotti S, Muñoz MA. 2014. Inherent directionality explains the lack of feedback loops in empirical networks. Sci. Rep. 4:7497
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Svensen H, Planke S, Malthe-Sørenssen A, Jamtveit B, Myklebust R, et al. 2004. Release of methane from a volcanic basin as a mechanism for initial Eocene global warming. Nature. 429(6991):542–45

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rahman ROA, Rakhimov RZ, Rakhimova NR, Ojovan MI. 2014. Cementitious Materials for Nuclear Waste Immobilization. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
An edited book
Davim JP, ed. 2013. Nontraditional Machining Processes: Research Advances. London: Springer
A chapter in an edited book
Subbiahdoss G, da Silva Domingues JF, Kuijer R, van der Mei HC, Busscher HJ. 2013. Bridging the Gap Between In Vitro and In Vivo Evaluation of Biomaterial-Associated Infections. In Biomaterials Associated Infection: Immunological Aspects and Antimicrobial Strategies, eds. TF Moriarty, SAJ Zaat, HJ Busscher, pp. 107–17. New York, NY: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Sociology.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. Brain Cells Governing Overeating And Sugar Addiction Identified. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1977. Construction of Space Shuttle Facilities at Vandenberg Air Force Base. B-183134, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Beck RE. 2012. Examining the relationship between self-initiated expatriation and cross-cultural adjustment among expatriate spouses within nonprofit organizations: A quantitative causal-comparative study. Doctoral dissertation thesis. Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Loomis G. 2012. Making Music With a Moral. New York Times, Nov. 13, , p. 0

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nossal 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Bayes & Malik 2009; Nossal 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bayes & Malik 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Svensen et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Sociology
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Sociol.
ISSN (print)0360-0572
ISSN (online)1545-2115
ScopeSociology and Political Science

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