How to format your references using the Annual Review of Sociology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Sociology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Carpenter S. 2008. Science careers. Finding industry funding. Science. 319(5869):1550–51
A journal article with 2 authors
Gunnarsson O, Han JE. 2000. The mean free path for electron conduction in metallic fullerenes. Nature. 405(6790):1027–30
A journal article with 3 authors
Levayer R, Hauert B, Moreno E. 2015. Cell mixing induced by myc is required for competitive tissue invasion and destruction. Nature. 524(7566):476–80
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Strom RG, Malhotra R, Ito T, Yoshida F, Kring DA. 2005. The origin of planetary impactors in the inner solar system. Science. 309(5742):1847–50

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gao J. 2015. Heterojunction Bipolar Transistors for Circuit Design. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd
An edited book
Bolc L, Tadeusiewicz R, Chmielewski LJ, Wojciechowski K, eds. 2012. Computer Vision and Graphics: International Conference, ICCVG 2012, Warsaw, Poland, September 24-26, 2012. Proceedings, Vol. 7594. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer
A chapter in an edited book
Lum C, Haberfeld M (maki), Fachner G, Lieberman C. 2011. Police Activities to Counter Terrorism: What We Know and What We Need to Know. In To Protect and To Serve: Policing in an Age of Terrorism, eds. D Weisburd, T Feucht, I Hakimi, L Mock, S Perry, pp. 101–41. New York, NY: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Sociology.

Blog post
Davis J. 2016. Unsustainable Hunting Of Wild Mammals Is Driving Them To The Edge Of Extinction. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1998. Student Loans: Improvements in the Direct Loan Consolidation Process. HEHS-99-19R, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cheung M. 2010. An integrated change model in project management. Doctoral dissertation thesis. University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Candaele K. 1992. Mom Was in a League of Her Own. New York Times, June 7, , p. 89

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Carpenter 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Carpenter 2008; Gunnarsson & Han 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gunnarsson & Han 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Strom et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Sociology
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Sociol.
ISSN (print)0360-0572
ISSN (online)1545-2115
ScopeSociology and Political Science

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