How to format your references using the Annual Review of Sociology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Sociology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zupanc GKH. 2006. Obituary: Theodore H. Bullock (1915-2005). Nature. 439(7074):280
A journal article with 2 authors
Seitz AR, Watanabe T. 2003. Psychophysics: Is subliminal learning really passive? Nature. 422(6927):36
A journal article with 3 authors
Tanaka G, Urabe C, Aihara K. 2014. Random and targeted interventions for epidemic control in metapopulation models. Sci. Rep. 4:5522
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Aizenberg J, Weaver JC, Thanawala MS, Sundar VC, Morse DE, Fratzl P. 2005. Skeleton of Euplectella sp.: structural hierarchy from the nanoscale to the macroscale. Science. 309(5732):275–78

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cheng L, Lopez-Beltran A, Bostwick DG. 2012. Bladder Pathology. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Cheng YC, Cheung ACK, Ng SW, eds. 2016. Internationalization of Higher Education: The Case of Hong Kong, Vol. 28. Singapore: Springer. 1st ed. 2016 ed.
A chapter in an edited book
Banik SSR, Counter CM. 2007. From Bread to Bedside: What Budding Yeast has Taught us about the Immortalization of Cancer Cells. In Yeast as a Tool in Cancer Research, eds. JL Nitiss, J Heitman, pp. 123–39. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Sociology.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. Link Found Between Gut Bacteria And Depression. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2000. Procedures for Updating Arbitrator Disclosure Information. GAO-01-162R, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rutherford BA. 2017. Beneficial Tensile Mean Strain Effects on the Fatigue Behavior of Superelastic NiTi. Doctoral dissertation thesis. Mississippi State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lesch DW, Gelvin J. 2017. What has Assad won? New York Times, Jan. 11, , p. A10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zupanc 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Seitz & Watanabe 2003; Zupanc 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Seitz & Watanabe 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Aizenberg et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Sociology
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Sociol.
ISSN (print)0360-0572
ISSN (online)1545-2115
ScopeSociology and Political Science

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