How to format your references using the Annual Review of Sociology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Sociology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kondoh M. 2003. Foraging adaptation and the relationship between food-web complexity and stability. Science. 299(5611):1388–91
A journal article with 2 authors
Kim J, Swager TM. 2001. Control of conformational and interpolymer effects in conjugated polymers. Nature. 411(6841):1030–34
A journal article with 3 authors
Ramu Y, Xu Y, Lu Z. 2006. Enzymatic activation of voltage-gated potassium channels. Nature. 442(7103):696–99
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Sørensen A, Duan LM, Cirac JI, Zoller P. 2001. Many-particle entanglement with Bose-Einstein condensates. Nature. 409(6816):63–66

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Castañeda LB, Arunachalam V, Dharmaraja S. 2012. Introduction to Probability and Stochastic Processes with Applications. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Larvor B, ed. 2016. Mathematical Cultures: The London Meetings 2012-2014. Cham: Springer International Publishing
A chapter in an edited book
Musselin C. 2010. Universities and Pricing on Higher Education Markets. In Changing Educational Landscapes: Educational Policies, Schooling Systems and Higher Education - a Comparative Perspective, ed. D Mattheou, pp. 75–90. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Sociology.

Blog post
Taub B. 2016. Researchers Say Psychedelic Drugs Could Help Cure Addiction. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1993. FAA Reauthorization: Opportunity Exists to Address Safety, Capacity, and Efficiency Issues. T-RCED-93-75, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stoecker K. 2013. Transfer of Topic-Prominence in Chinese-English Interlanguage. Doctoral dissertation thesis. Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J. 2017. Half a Million Viewers For ‘Twin Peaks’ Return. New York Times, May 23, , p. C3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kondoh 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Kim & Swager 2001; Kondoh 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kim & Swager 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Sørensen et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Sociology
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Sociol.
ISSN (print)0360-0572
ISSN (online)1545-2115
ScopeSociology and Political Science

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