How to format your references using the Annual Review of Sociology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Sociology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Reichhardt T. 2005. Touched by an angel. Nature. 435(7043):734–35
A journal article with 2 authors
Meldrum DR, Holl MR. 2002. Tech.Sight. Microfluidics. Microscale bioanalytical systems. Science. 297(5584):1197–98
A journal article with 3 authors
Torres MA, West AJ, Li G. 2014. Sulphide oxidation and carbonate dissolution as a source of CO2 over geological timescales. Nature. 507(7492):346–49
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Mizuguchi S, Uyama T, Kitagawa H, Nomura KH, Dejima K, et al. 2003. Chondroitin proteoglycans are involved in cell division of Caenorhabditis elegans. Nature. 423(6938):443–48

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sutt J, Lill I, Müürsepp O. 2013. The Engineer’s Manual of Construction Site Planning. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons
An edited book
Glodeanu CV, Kaytoue M, Sacarea C, eds. 2014. Formal Concept Analysis: 12th International Conference, ICFCA 2014, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, June 10-13, 2014. Proceedings, Vol. 8478. Cham: Springer International Publishing
A chapter in an edited book
Yu M-H, Li J-C. 2012. Non-Smooth Multi-Surface Plasticity. In Computational Plasticity: With Emphasis on the Application of the Unified Strength Theory, ed. J-C Li, pp. 129–61. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Sociology.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. The Ethics Of ‘Gifted’ Genes: The Road To Gattaca? IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1982. Need for Better Management of the Armed Forces Radiobiology Research Institute. AFMD-82-74, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Guillory MK. 2017. An Analysis of Corporal Punishment Practices in the State of Tennessee. Doctoral dissertation thesis. University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper M, Kourlas G. 2017. Rockettes’ Big Show For Spring Is Killed. New York Times, Oct. 25, , p. C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Reichhardt 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Meldrum & Holl 2002; Reichhardt 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Meldrum & Holl 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Mizuguchi et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Sociology
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Sociol.
ISSN (print)0360-0572
ISSN (online)1545-2115
ScopeSociology and Political Science

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