How to format your references using the Annual Review of Sociology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Sociology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Crow MM. 2013. Digital learning: look, then leap. Nature. 499(7458):275–77
A journal article with 2 authors
Modlin RL, Bloom BR. 2001. Immunology. Chip shots--will functional genomics get functional? Science. 294(5543):799–801
A journal article with 3 authors
Dunn EW, Aknin LB, Norton MI. 2008. Spending money on others promotes happiness. Science. 319(5870):1687–88
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Li X, Liu B, Li X-L, Li Y-X, Sun M-Z, et al. 2014. SiO2 nanoparticles change colour preference and cause Parkinson’s-like behaviour in zebrafish. Sci. Rep. 4:3810

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Deutscher Beton- und Bautechnik-Ver. 2015. Beispiele Zur Bemessung Nach Eurocode 2. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA
An edited book
Singh AD, Murphree AL, Damato BE, eds. 2015. Clinical Ophthalmic Oncology: Retinoblastoma. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. 2nd ed. 2015 ed.
A chapter in an edited book
Vitas D, Popović L, Krstev C, Obradović I, Pavlović-Lažetić G, Stanojević M. 2012. O META-HET-У. In The Serbian Language in the Digital Age, eds. G Rehm, H Uszkoreit, pp. 40–40. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Sociology.

Blog post
Fang J. 2015. How Ancient Ecosystems Survived One Of Earth’s Biggest Mass Extinctions. IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1974. Administration of the Office of Education’s Student Financial Aid Program. B-164031(1), U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crawford MJ. 2009. Empire’s experts: The politics of knowledge in Spain’s royal monopoly of quina (1751–1808). Doctoral dissertation thesis. University of California San Diego

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. 2010. ‘Mixed Results’ for U.S.; Uncertain Future for Coach. New York Times, June 29, , p. B10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Crow 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Crow 2013; Modlin & Bloom 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Modlin & Bloom 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Sociology
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Sociol.
ISSN (print)0360-0572
ISSN (online)1545-2115
ScopeSociology and Political Science

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