How to format your references using the Applied Composite Materials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Composite Materials. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hoffman, S.: Save the children. Nature. 430, 940–941 (2004)
A journal article with 2 authors
Zaret, K.S., Grompe, M.: Generation and regeneration of cells of the liver and pancreas. Science. 322, 1490–1494 (2008)
A journal article with 3 authors
Khan, S.U.M., Al-Shahry, M., Ingler, W.B., Jr: Efficient photochemical water splitting by a chemically modified n-TiO2. Science. 297, 2243–2245 (2002)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Vieites, D.R., Nieto-Román, S., Barluenga, M., Palanca, A., Vences, M., Meyer, A.: Post-mating clutch piracy in an amphibian. Nature. 431, 305–308 (2004)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Deschamps, J.-P., Bioul, G.J.A., Sutter, G.D.: Synthesis of Arithmetic Circuits. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2005)
An edited book
Johansson, P.-O.: Evaluating Water Projects: Cost-Benefit Analysis Versus Win-Win Approach. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2013)
A chapter in an edited book
Jensen, K., Kühl, O.: Towards a Model of Musical Chunks. In: Ystad, S., Kronland-Martinet, R., and Jensen, K. (eds.) Computer Music Modeling and Retrieval. Genesis of Meaning in Sound and Music: 5th International Symposium, CMMR 2008 Copenhagen, Denmark, May 19-23, 2008 Revised Papers. pp. 81–92. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2009)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Composite Materials.

Blog post
Andrews, R.: San Andreas Fault Is “Locked, Loaded And Ready To Go,” Says Leading Seismologist,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Federal Research: The National Academy of Sciences and the Federal Advisory Committee Act. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1998)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Garrett, D.: A quantitative study of STEM goal and role alignment across stakeholder leaders in California: Advocacy for application of a systems solution approach, (2013)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hanc, J.: Skills-Gap Fixes, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Composite Materials
AbbreviationAppl. Compos. Mater.
ISSN (print)0929-189X
ISSN (online)1573-4897
ScopeCeramics and Composites

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