How to format your references using the Applied Composite Materials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Composite Materials. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lawrence, P.A.: Last hideout of the unknown? Nature. 429, 247 (2004)
A journal article with 2 authors
Luoto, T.P., Nevalainen, L.: Long-term water temperature reconstructions from mountain lakes with different catchment and morphometric features. Sci. Rep. 3, 2488 (2013)
A journal article with 3 authors
Wilson, A.M., Watson, J.C., Lichtwark, G.A.: Biomechanics: A catapult action for rapid limb protraction. Nature. 421, 35–36 (2003)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Holland, R.A., Thorup, K., Vonhof, M.J., Cochran, W.W., Wikelski, M.: Navigation: bat orientation using Earth’s magnetic field. Nature. 444, 702 (2006)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sofronas, A.: Case Histories in Vibration Analysis and Metal Fatigue for the Practicing Engineer. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2012)
An edited book
Hubbert, S.: Spherical Radial Basis Functions, Theory and Applications. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2015)
A chapter in an edited book
Shi, L., Ólafsson, S.: Hybrid Nested Partitions Algorithm. In: Ólafsson, S. (ed.) Nested Partitions Method, Theory and Applications. pp. 85–103. Springer US, Boston, MA (2009)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Composite Materials.

Blog post
Luntz, S.: Pluto’s Icy Heart May Have Rolled The Dwarf Planet Over, Hinting At A Vast Underground Ocean,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: NAVSTAR Global Positioning System--A Program With Many Uncertainties. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1979)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lowe, C.: A correlational study of the relationship between Learner Autonomy and academic performance, (2009)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hartocollis, A.: And Surrogacy Makes 3, (2014)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Composite Materials
AbbreviationAppl. Compos. Mater.
ISSN (print)0929-189X
ISSN (online)1573-4897
ScopeCeramics and Composites

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