How to format your references using the Applied Composite Materials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Composite Materials. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Harvey, C.F.: Groundwater flow in the Ganges Delta. Science. 296, 1563 (2002)
A journal article with 2 authors
Thoroughman, K.A., Shadmehr, R.: Learning of action through adaptive combination of motor primitives. Nature. 407, 742–747 (2000)
A journal article with 3 authors
Kender, S., Yu, J., Peck, V.L.: Deep ocean carbonate ion increase during mid Miocene CO2 decline. Sci. Rep. 4, 4187 (2014)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Li, M.O., Sarkisian, M.R., Mehal, W.Z., Rakic, P., Flavell, R.A.: Phosphatidylserine receptor is required for clearance of apoptotic cells. Science. 302, 1560–1563 (2003)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Straus, S.E., Sackett, D.L.: Mentorship in Academic Medicine. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2013)
An edited book
Deakin, J.E., Waters, P.D., Marshall Graves, J.A. eds: Marsupial Genetics and Genomics. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2010)
A chapter in an edited book
Møller, J.: Norway: Researching Norwegian Principals. In: Ärlestig, H., Day, C., and Johansson, O. (eds.) A Decade of Research on School Principals: Cases from 24 Countries. pp. 77–101. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Composite Materials.

Blog post
Hamilton, K.: What Happens When You Mix Coca-Cola With Liquid Nitrogen?,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Medicaid: States’ Efforts to Maximize Federal Reimbursements Highlight Need for Improved Federal Oversight. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2005)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ghafoori, E.: Wavelet transform and neural network, (2014)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Otis, J.: Young Immigrant Seizes a Culinary Opportunity, (2016)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Composite Materials
AbbreviationAppl. Compos. Mater.
ISSN (print)0929-189X
ISSN (online)1573-4897
ScopeCeramics and Composites

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