How to format your references using the Applied Acoustics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Acoustics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Eisenstein M. Chronobiology: stepping out of time. Nature 2013;497:S10-2.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Burton DR, Dwek RA. Immunology. Sugar determines antibody activity. Science 2006;313:627–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Sivars U, Aivazian D, Pfeffer SR. Yip3 catalyses the dissociation of endosomal Rab-GDI complexes. Nature 2003;425:856–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Smartt SJ, Maund JR, Hendry MA, Tout CA, Gilmore GF, Mattila S, et al. Detection of a red supergiant progenitor star of a type II-plateau supernova. Science 2004;303:499–503.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Hoppert M. Microscopic Techniques in Biotechnology. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2005.
An edited book
[1]
Wang L, Chen K, Ong YS, editors. Advances in Natural Computation: First International Conference, ICNC 2005, Changsha, China, August 27-29, 2005, Proceedings, Part III. vol. 3612. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Senkerik R, Zelinka I, Davendra D, Oplatkova Z. Evolutionary Design of Chaos Control in 1D. In: Zelinka I, Celikovsky S, Richter H, Chen G, editors. Evolutionary Algorithms and Chaotic Systems, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010, p. 165–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Acoustics.

Blog post
[1]
Davis J. Deep Sea Expedition Records Animal Behavior Only Known From 252-Million-Year-Old Fossils. IFLScience 2017. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/deep-sea-expedition-records-animal-behavior-only-known-from-252millionyearold-fossils/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Bonneville’s ADP Resource Management Controls Show Improvement, but More Needs To Be Done. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1983.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Ramey JD. A Case Study: Achievement Studies of Persistent, Transitional, and Transient Populations within the Blitz Program Model at a Large Midwestern Elementary School. Doctoral dissertation. Lindenwood University, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Burghardt LF. An Animal Sanctuary Is Under Pressure to Move. New York Times 2006:14CN6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Acoustics
AbbreviationAppl. Acoust.
ISSN (print)0003-682X
ScopeAcoustics and Ultrasonics

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