How to format your references using the Applied Acoustics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Acoustics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Laursen L. Interdisciplinary research: Big science at the table. Nature 2010;468:S2-4.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Frenking G, Holzmann N. Chemistry. A boron-boron triple bond. Science 2012;336:1394–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Chen Q, Bae SC, Granick S. Directed self-assembly of a colloidal kagome lattice. Nature 2011;469:381–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Winter SE, Thiennimitr P, Winter MG, Butler BP, Huseby DL, Crawford RW, et al. Gut inflammation provides a respiratory electron acceptor for Salmonella. Nature 2010;467:426–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Frantzen AJ. Anglo-Saxon Keywords. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
[1]
Richey RC, editor. Encyclopedia of Terminology for Educational Communications and Technology. New York, NY: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Flowers R. Deliberate and Emergent Approaches to Practice Development: Lessons Learned from the Australian Environment Movement. In: Trede F, McEwen C, editors. Educating the Deliberate Professional: Preparing for future practices, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 59–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Acoustics.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Watch A Diamond Burn In Pure Oxygen. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/chemistry/watch-diamond-burn-pure-oxygen/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Highway Infrastructure: Preliminary Information on the Timely Completion of Highway Construction Projects. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2002.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Tablason JM. Recollecting. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Brantley B. A Circle of Hell: the Staff Meeting. New York Times 2016:C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Acoustics
AbbreviationAppl. Acoust.
ISSN (print)0003-682X
ScopeAcoustics and Ultrasonics

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