How to format your references using the Applied Acoustics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Acoustics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Kuhl PK. Neuroscience. Who’s talking? Science 2011;333:529–30.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Nadeau RM, Dolenc D. Nonvolcanic tremors deep beneath the San Andreas Fault. Science 2005;307:389.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Mills CE, Robins JM, Lipsitch M. Transmissibility of 1918 pandemic influenza. Nature 2004;432:904–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Singer BS, Hoffman KA, Coe RS, Brown LL, Jicha BR, Pringle MS, et al. Structural and temporal requirements for geomagnetic field reversal deduced from lava flows. Nature 2005;434:633–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Kasper S, Montgomery S. Treatment-resistant Depression. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons; 2013.
An edited book
[1]
Zeng D, Yang CC, Tseng VS, Xing C, Chen H, Wang F-Y, et al., editors. Smart Health: International Conference, ICSH 2013, Beijing, China, August 3-4, 2013. Proceedings. vol. 8040. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Maki KC. Pathophysiology and Management of Dyslipidemias Associated with Obesity, Type 2 Diabetes, and Other Insulin-Resistant States. In: Davidson MH, Toth PP, Maki KC, Gotto AM, editors. Therapeutic Lipidology, Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2008, p. 55–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Acoustics.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Where Have The Stars Gone? IFLScience 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/space/missing-stars-confound-globular-cluster-formation-theories/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. NASA Contract Management. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Stephens AH. William Harold Fletcher (b. 1923): His life and career in music education at Oklahoma Christian University, 1950–2012. Doctoral dissertation. University of Arizona, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Shear MD, Thrush G, Haberman M. Ex-General Leads Broad Shake-Up At White House. New York Times 2017:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Acoustics
AbbreviationAppl. Acoust.
ISSN (print)0003-682X
ScopeAcoustics and Ultrasonics

Other styles