How to format your references using the The Holocene citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Holocene. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pielke RA Jr (2002) Science policy: policy, politics and perspective. Nature 416(6879): 367–368.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shapiro L and Losick R (2013) Retrospective. Francois Jacob (1920-2013). Science (New York, N.Y.) 340(6135): 939.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fried SD, Bagchi S and Boxer SG (2014) Extreme electric fields power catalysis in the active site of ketosteroid isomerase. Science (New York, N.Y.) 346(6216): 1510–1514.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Crockett MJ, Clark L, Tabibnia G, Lieberman MD and Robbins TW (2008) Serotonin modulates behavioral reactions to unfairness. Science (New York, N.Y.) 320(5884): 1739.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pandya R (2005) Mobile and Personal Communication Services and Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Flatté ME and Ţifrea I (eds) (2007) Manipulating Quantum Coherence in Solid State Systems. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Lee Y-J (2010) Been There, Done That, or Have We? In: Roth W-M (ed) Re/Structuring Science Education: ReUniting Sociological and Psychological Perspectives. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 53–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Holocene.

Blog post
Andrew D (2017) Scientists May Have Proven Women Are Better at Multitasking than Men. IFLScience. IFLScience. Available at:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1986) [Comments on NASA Agreement With Firm for Commercial Launch Services]. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Okada H (2008) Modulation of BACE1 by a novel sorting nexin in Alzheimer’s disease. Doctoral dissertation, New York, NY, Columbia University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy MJO (2016) Friday File: A Household of April Fool’s Jokes. New York Times, 1 April, page C27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pielke, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Pielke, 2002; Shapiro and Losick, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shapiro and Losick, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Crockett et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Holocene
ISSN (print)0959-6836
ISSN (online)1477-0911
Earth-Surface Processes
Global and Planetary Change

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