How to format your references using the Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy (AAC). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rice J. 2012. Metastasis: The rude awakening. Nature 485:S55-7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brédas J-L, Silbey R. 2009. Chemistry. Excitons surf along conjugated polymer chains. Science 323:348–349.
A journal article with 3 authors
Reiner SL, Sallusto F, Lanzavecchia A. 2007. Division of labor with a workforce of one: challenges in specifying effector and memory T cell fate. Science 317:622–625.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Scott TF, Schneider AD, Cook WD, Bowman CN. 2005. Photoinduced plasticity in cross-linked polymers. Science 308:1615–1617.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lu M. 2005. Arithmetic and Logic in Computer Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
2006. Medical Emergency Teams: Implementation and Outcome Measurement. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Trevisan L. 2011. Dense Model Theorems and Their Applications, p. 55–57. In Ishai, Y (ed.), Theory of Cryptography: 8th Theory of Cryptography Conference, TCC 2011, Providence, RI, USA, March 28-30, 2011. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2013. Wasps and honeybees can remember individual faces. IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2012. Flexible Funding Continues to Play a Role in Supporting State and Local Transportation Priorities. GAO-13-19R. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mayner SW. 2017. Transformational leadership and organizational change during agile and devops initiatives. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Becker JO, Apuzzo M, Goldman A. 2017. Trump Team Met Russian Offering Dirt on Clinton. New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAntimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
AbbreviationAntimicrob. Agents Chemother.
ISSN (print)0066-4804
ISSN (online)1098-6596
ScopeInfectious Diseases
Pharmacology (medical)

Other styles