How to format your references using the Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy (AAC). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Anderson DA. 2014. A detour for love. Science 346:134.
A journal article with 2 authors
Aratyn-Schaus Y, Gardel ML. 2008. Biophysics. Clutch dynamics. Science 322:1646–1647.
A journal article with 3 authors
Azzam NA, Hallenbeck JM, Kachar B. 2000. Membrane changes during hibernation. Nature 407:317–318.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Jørgensen LH, Mosbech M-B, Færgeman NJ, Graakjaer J, Jacobsen SV, Schrøder HD. 2014. Duplication in the microtubule-actin cross-linking factor 1 gene causes a novel neuromuscular condition. Sci Rep 4:5180.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety. 1992. Guidelines for Auditing Process Safety Management Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
2006. Foundations and Novel Approaches in Data Mining. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
de Vries MJ, Meijers AWM. 2013. Beliefs, Acceptances and Technological Knowledge, p. 55–65. In Vries, MJ de, Hansson, SO, Meijers, AWM (eds.), Norms in Technology. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. Japan Restarts First Nuclear Power Plant Since Fukushima Disaster. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2010. Aviation Security: Progress Made but Actions Needed to Address Challenges in Meeting the Air Cargo Screening Mandate. GAO-10-880T. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chlarson-Varner G. 2010. Falls among older adults 65 years and older. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L. 2009. Nassau and Union in Deal to Avoid Layoffs. New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAntimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
AbbreviationAntimicrob. Agents Chemother.
ISSN (print)0066-4804
ISSN (online)1098-6596
ScopeInfectious Diseases
Pharmacology (medical)

Other styles