How to format your references using the Annual Review of Nuclear and Particle Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Nuclear and Particle Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Beacham TD. Science. 302(5642):59; discussion 59. (2003)
A journal article with 2 authors
Webby RJ, Webster RG. Science. 302(5650):1519. (2003)
A journal article with 3 authors
Hummer G, Rasaiah JC, Noworyta JP. Nature. 414(6860):188. (2001)
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Bromm V, Yoshida N, Hernquist L, McKee CF. Nature. 459(7243):49. (2009)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Behme S. Manufacturing of Pharmaceutical Proteins. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA. (2015)
An edited book
Rougier B, Lacroix S, eds. Egypt’s Revolutions: Politics, Religion, and Social Movements. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US. VII, 281 p pp. (2016)
A chapter in an edited book
Huang F et al. In Human-Centered Software Engineering: Software Engineering Models, Patterns and Architectures for HCI, ed A Seffah, J Vanderdonckt, MC Desmarais, p. 83. London: Springer. (2009)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Nuclear and Particle Science.

Blog post
Andrew E. New Study Suggests There Are Health Benefits To Conservation Policies. IFLScience. (2015)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Freight Rail Pricing: Contracts Provide Shippers and Railroads Flexibility, but High Rates Concern Some Shippers. GAO-17-166, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC. (2016)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gomez-Zuebisch LC. A phenomenological exploration of the learning values derived from instructional short videos among adult learners. Doctoral dissertation thesis. University of Phoenix. (2010)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J. New York Times, May 29, p. D6. (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Nuclear and Particle Science
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Nucl. Part. Sci.
ISSN (print)0163-8998
ISSN (online)1545-4134
ScopeNuclear and High Energy Physics

Other styles