How to format your references using the Annual Review of Nuclear and Particle Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Nuclear and Particle Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kuo AD. Science. 309(5741):1686. (2005)
A journal article with 2 authors
Kepecs A, Fishell G. Nature. 505(7483):318. (2014)
A journal article with 3 authors
Falkovich G, Fouxon A, Stepanov MG. Nature. 419(6903):151. (2002)
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Trombetta ES et al. Science. 299(5611):1400. (2003)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Parashar RK. Reaction Mechanisms in Organic Synthesis. West Sussex, United Kingdom: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. (2008)
An edited book
Teufel S, Min TA, You I, Weippl E, eds. Availability, Reliability, and Security in Information Systems: IFIP WG 8.4, 8.9, TC 5 International Cross-Domain Conference, CD-ARES 2014 and 4th International Workshop on Security and Cognitive Informatics for Homeland Defense, SeCIHD 2014, Fribourg, Switzerland, September 8-12, 2014. Proceedings, Vol. 8708. Cham: Springer International Publishing. XII, 311 p. 111 illus p. (2014)
A chapter in an edited book
Kidd E, Grigsby P. In Gynecologic Radiation Therapy: Novel Approaches to Image-Guidance and Management, ed AN Viswanathan, C Kirisits, BE Erickson, R Pötter, p. 41. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. (2011)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Nuclear and Particle Science.

Blog post
Fang J. Beaked Whale Smashes Record with Nearly 2-Mile Dive. IFLScience. (2014)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Data Mining: Results and Challenges for Government Program Audits and Investigations. GAO-03-591T, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC. (2003)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Neil S. A turn from the worst: Leadership influences on the successful turnaround of a high-poverty school. Doctoral dissertation thesis. Capella University. (2012)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S, Barry E. New York Times, Jan. 23, p. C1. (2013)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Nuclear and Particle Science
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Nucl. Part. Sci.
ISSN (print)0163-8998
ISSN (online)1545-4134
ScopeNuclear and High Energy Physics

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