How to format your references using the Annual Review of Microbiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Microbiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kelly KA. 2004. Atmospheric science. Wind data: a promise in peril. Science. 303(5660):962–63
A journal article with 2 authors
Weiss BP, Tikoo SM. 2014. The lunar dynamo. Science. 346(6214):1246753
A journal article with 3 authors
Roscioli JR, McCunn LR, Johnson MA. 2007. Quantum structure of the intermolecular proton bond. Science. 316(5822):249–54
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Nonaka S, Shiratori H, Saijoh Y, Hamada H. 2002. Determination of left-right patterning of the mouse embryo by artificial nodal flow. Nature. 418(6893):96–99

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sehgal V. 2011. Supply Chain as Strategic Asset. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Petrosino A, Maddalena L, Pala P, eds. 2013. New Trends in Image Analysis and Processing – ICIAP 2013: ICIAP 2013 International Workshops, Naples, Italy, September 9-13, 2013. Proceedings, Vol. 8158. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. XXIV, 561 p. 229 illus pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Witteborg H, Charfi A, Colomer Collell D, Mezini M. 2014. Weaving Aspects and Business Processes through Model Transformation. In Service-Oriented and Cloud Computing: Third European Conference, ESOCC 2014, Manchester, UK, September 2-4, 2014. Proceedings, ed M Villari, W Zimmermann, K-K Lau, pp. 47–61. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Microbiology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. 2016. NASA Will Be Making A Big Announcement On Tuesday. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1982. Trends in Evaluation. 118591, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bhandari S. 2017. The Role of System of Systems in Additive Manufacturing. Doctoral dissertation thesis. Mississippi State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J. 2016. Rookie Succeeds With Two Motivations: Playoff Race and His Student Loans. New York Times, Sep. 12, p. D2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (2, 4).
This sentence cites four references (2, 6–8).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Microbiology
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Microbiol.
ISSN (print)0066-4227
ISSN (online)1545-3251

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