How to format your references using the Annual Review of Financial Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Financial Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Budd G. 2001. Climbing life’s tree. Nature. 412(6846):487
A journal article with 2 authors
Simons M, Eichmann A. 2013. Physiology. Lymphatics are in my veins. Science. 341(6146):622–24
A journal article with 3 authors
Wise C, Pawlyn M, Braungart M. 2013. Eco-engineering: Living in a materials world. Nature. 494(7436):172–75
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Nishimura MT, Stein M, Hou B-H, Vogel JP, Edwards H, Somerville SC. 2003. Loss of a callose synthase results in salicylic acid-dependent disease resistance. Science. 301(5635):969–72

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Arteaga R, Hyland J. 2013. Pivot. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Johansson B, Andersson B, Holmberg N, eds. 2014. Perspectives in Business Informatics Research: 13th International Conference, BIR 2014, Lund, Sweden, September 22-24, 2014. Proceedings, Vol. 194. Cham: Springer International Publishing
A chapter in an edited book
Herrera F, Lozano M. 2009. Fuzzy Evolutionary Algorithms and Genetic Fuzzy Systems: A Positive Collaboration between Evolutionary Algorithms and Fuzzy Systems. In Computational Intelligence: Collaboration, Fusion and Emergence, eds. CL Mumford, LC Jain, pp. 83–130. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Financial Economics.

Blog post
Hamilton K. 2017. Cheerios’ Attempt To Save Bees Backfired Massively. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1989. Federal Research: Assessment of Small Business Innovation Research Programs. RCED-89-39, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fisher A-C. 2009. Exceptionality and parent -professional conflict: Causes, prevention and resolution. Doctoral dissertation thesis. University of Arizona

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B. 2017. First Comes Love, Then Mortality. New York Times, Jan. 5, , p. C4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Budd 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Budd 2001; Simons & Eichmann 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Simons & Eichmann 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Nishimura et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Financial Economics
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Fin. Econ.
ISSN (print)1941-1367
ISSN (online)1941-1375
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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