How to format your references using the Annual Review of Financial Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Financial Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Meyer A. 2004. Learning from the Altmeister. Nature. 428(6986):897
A journal article with 2 authors
Veronin MA, Youan B-BC. 2004. Medicine. Magic bullet gone astray: medications and the Internet. Science. 305(5683):481
A journal article with 3 authors
Abundo C, Monterola C, Legara EF. 2014. Criticality of forcing directions on the fragmentation and resilience of grid networks. Sci. Rep. 4:6195
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Chen Z, Xu Z, Sun S, Yu Y, Lv D, et al. 2014. TGF-β1, IL-6, and TNF-α in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid: useful markers for lung cancer? Sci. Rep. 4:5595

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Çapin TK, Pandzic IS, Magnenat-Thalmann N, Thalmann D. 2001. Avatars in Networked Virtual Environments. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
An edited book
Deakin JE, Waters PD, Marshall Graves JA, eds. 2010. Marsupial Genetics and Genomics. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands
A chapter in an edited book
Wang D, Ma Z, Zhang X. 2012. The Research on English Learning for PE Majors. In Education and Educational Technology, ed. Y Wang, pp. 23–27. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Financial Economics.

Blog post
Davis J. 2016. World’s Poorest Nations Pledge To Go 100% Renewable “As Rapidly As Possible.” IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2014. Information Technology: HUD Can Take Additional Actions to Improve Its Governance. GAO-15-56, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Borchardt GM. 2013. Making D.C. Democracy’s Capital: Local Activism, the “Federal State”, and the Struggle for Civil Rights in Washington, D.C. Doctoral dissertation thesis. George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sheehan N. 2017. David and Goliath in Vietnam. New York Times, May 26, , p. SR9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Meyer 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Meyer 2004; Veronin & Youan 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Veronin & Youan 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Chen et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Financial Economics
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Fin. Econ.
ISSN (print)1941-1367
ISSN (online)1941-1375
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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