How to format your references using the Annual Review of Financial Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Financial Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Deweerdt S. 2010. Dancing with an escape artist. Nature. 466(7304):S6-7
A journal article with 2 authors
Sive H, Sarma S. 2013. Education: online on-ramps. Nature. 499(7458):277–78
A journal article with 3 authors
Weeks AR, Marec F, Breeuwer JA. 2001. A mite species that consists entirely of haploid females. Science. 292(5526):2479–82
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Li J, Huang S, Shao K, Liu Y, An S, et al. 2013. A choline derivate-modified nanoprobe for glioma diagnosis using MRI. Sci. Rep. 3:1623

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Porter AL, Cunningham SW. 2004. Tech Mining. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ismail SI, Sulaiman N, Adnan R, eds. 2016. Proceedings of the 2nd International Colloquium on Sports Science, Exercise, Engineering and Technology 2015 (ICoSSEET 2015). Singapore: Springer. 1st ed. 2015 ed.
A chapter in an edited book
De Masellis R, Ghidini C, Ranise S. 2015. A Declarative Framework for Specifying and Enforcing Purpose-Aware Policies. In Security and Trust Management: 11th International Workshop, STM 2015, Vienna, Austria, September 21-22, 2015, Proceedings, ed. S Foresti, pp. 55–71. Cham: Springer International Publishing

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Financial Economics.

Blog post
Carpineti A. 2016. Scientists Unleash Full Einstein Equations To Model The Universe. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2000. State Department: Progress and Challenges in Addressing Management Issues. T-NSIAD-00-124, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Warrick AD. 2017. “Deep” South: Mammoth Cave, Kentucky, and Environmental Knowledge, 1800-1974. Doctoral dissertation thesis. Mississippi State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg B. 2017. She Beat Her Stresses. Now Can She Beat Venus? New York Times, Sep. 7, , p. B9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Deweerdt 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Deweerdt 2010; Sive & Sarma 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sive & Sarma 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Financial Economics
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Fin. Econ.
ISSN (print)1941-1367
ISSN (online)1941-1375
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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