How to format your references using the Annual Review of Financial Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Financial Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Torquato S. 2000. Glass transition. Hard knock for thermodynamics. Nature. 405(6786):521, 523
A journal article with 2 authors
Hsieh-Wilson LC, Griffin ME. 2013. Chemistry. Improving biologic drugs via total chemical synthesis. Science. 342(6164):1332–33
A journal article with 3 authors
Meng J, Wang Y, Li C. 2011. Transitional mammalian middle ear from a new Cretaceous Jehol eutriconodont. Nature. 472(7342):181–85
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Petrie M, Schwabl H, Brande-Lavridsen N, Burke T. 2001. Maternal investment. Sex differences in avian yolk hormone levels. Nature. 412(6846):498–99

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Paczosa S, Peruchini C. 2013. Selling Professional and Financial Services Handbook. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Zanjirani Farahani R, Hekmatfar M, eds. 2009. Facility Location: Concepts, Models, Algorithms and Case Studies. Heidelberg: Physica-Verlag HD
A chapter in an edited book
Jeon M, Draney K, Wilson M. 2015. A General Saltus LLTM-R for Cognitive Assessments. In Quantitative Psychology Research: The 78th Annual Meeting of the Psychometric Society, eds. RE Millsap, DM Bolt, LA van der Ark, W-C Wang, pp. 73–90. Cham: Springer International Publishing

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Financial Economics.

Blog post
Andrews R. 2017. Scientists Just Replicated The Infamous Milgram Experiment. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1984. Major Federal Research and Development Agencies Are Implementing the Patent and Trademark Amendments of 1980. RCED-84-26, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Harvey SL. 2012. From “The Man With the Hoe” to “Tobacco Road”: Class, Poverty and Religion and the Southern Tenant Farmers’ Union. Doctoral dissertation thesis. University of North Carolina

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara S. 2014. Taking in the History of a City Shaped by the Sea. New York Times, Aug. 17, , p. CT10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Torquato 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Hsieh-Wilson & Griffin 2013; Torquato 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hsieh-Wilson & Griffin 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Petrie et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Financial Economics
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Fin. Econ.
ISSN (print)1941-1367
ISSN (online)1941-1375
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

Other styles