How to format your references using the Annual Review of Financial Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Financial Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kuratani S. 2013. Evolution. A muscular perspective on vertebrate evolution. Science. 341(6142):139–40
A journal article with 2 authors
Montpetit B, Weis K. 2012. Cell biology. An alternative route for nuclear mRNP export by membrane budding. Science. 336(6083):809–10
A journal article with 3 authors
Chandra FA, Buzi G, Doyle JC. 2011. Glycolytic oscillations and limits on robust efficiency. Science. 333(6039):187–92
A journal article with 7 or more authors
McSween HY Jr, Grove TL, Lentz RC, Dann JC, Holzheid AH, et al. 2001. Geochemical evidence for magmatic water within Mars from pyroxenes in the Shergotty meteorite. Nature. 409(6819):487–90

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Scott AW, Frobenius R. 2008. RF Measurements for Cellular Phones and Wireless Data Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Horimoto K, Regensburger G, Rosenkranz M, Yoshida H, eds. 2008. Algebraic Biology: Third International Conference, AB 2008, Castle of Hagenberg, Austria, July 31-August 2, 2008 Proceedings, Vol. 5147. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer
A chapter in an edited book
Zhao Y, Yi C, Kong SG, Pan Q, Cheng Y. 2016. Multi-band Polarization Bidirectional Reflectance Distribution Function. In Multi-Band Polarization Imaging and Applications, eds. C Yi, SG Kong, Q Pan, Y Cheng, pp. 73–110. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Financial Economics.

Blog post
Evans K. 2016. B12 Deficiency In Mothers Raises Risk Of Type 2 Diabetes In Children. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2013. Education Research: Further Improvements Needed to Ensure Relevance and Assess Dissemination Efforts. GAO-14-8, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Salazar A. 2012. Small school, big gains: A case study of urban high school reform. Doctoral dissertation thesis. California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kovaleski SF, Alter A, Howard JC. 2015. Friends, Fans and Now Alabama Debate the State of Harper Lee. New York Times, March 12, , p. A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kuratani 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Kuratani 2013; Montpetit & Weis 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Montpetit & Weis 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (McSween et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Financial Economics
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Fin. Econ.
ISSN (print)1941-1367
ISSN (online)1941-1375
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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