How to format your references using the Annual Review of Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dominissini D. 2014. Genomics and Proteomics. Roadmap to the epitranscriptome. Science. 346(6214):1192
A journal article with 2 authors
Kulkarni RN, Kahn CR. 2004. Molecular biology. HNFs--linking the liver and pancreatic islets in diabetes. Science. 303(5662):1311–12
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhou Z, Clarke JA, Zhang F. 2002. Archaeoraptor’s better half. Nature. 420(6913):285
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Blackburn JM, Long DP, Cabanas A, Watkins JJ. 2001. Deposition of conformal copper and nickel films from supercritical carbon dioxide. Science. 294(5540):141–45

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Toptygin IN. 2015. Electromagnetic Phenomena in Matter. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA
An edited book
Fujii S, ed. 2015. Beyond Global Capitalism. Tokyo: Springer Japan
A chapter in an edited book
Gregory MA, Glance D. 2013. Smart Phones. In Security and the Networked Society, ed. D Glance, pp. 161–205. Cham: Springer International Publishing

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Economics.

Blog post
Fang J. 2014. Decades-Old Mystery of “Frankenstein DNA” Solved. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1986. Bigeye Bomb: An Evaluation of DOD’s Chemical and Developmental Tests. PEMD-86-12BR, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pulido BB. 2015. Homes as grounding counterspaces: Mexicana undocumented students utilizing mother-daughter pedagogies of resistance to succeed in higher education. Doctoral dissertation thesis. California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Robertson C, Walsh MW, Cooper M. 2011. Bankruptcy Rarely Offers Easy Answer For Counties. New York Times, Nov. 11, , p. A15

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dominissini 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Dominissini 2014; Kulkarni & Kahn 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kulkarni & Kahn 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Blackburn et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Economics
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Econom.
ISSN (print)1941-1383
ISSN (online)1941-1391

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