How to format your references using the Annual Review of Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Maxmen A. 2013. Drug development: A combined effort. Nature. 502(7470):S4-6
A journal article with 2 authors
Nuth JA 3rd, Johnson NM. 2012. Astronomy. Complex protostellar chemistry. Science. 336(6080):424–25
A journal article with 3 authors
Gilbert IR, Jarvis PG, Smith H. 2001. Proximity signal and shade avoidance differences between early and late successional trees. Nature. 411(6839):792–95
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Malsam J, Satoh A, Pelletier L, Warren G. 2005. Golgin tethers define subpopulations of COPI vesicles. Science. 307(5712):1095–98

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lyatkher VM. 2015. Seismic Loads. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Rothman J, ed. 2012. From Identity-Based Conflict to Identity-Based Cooperation: The ARIA Approach in Theory and Practice. New York, NY: Springer
A chapter in an edited book
Barker K. 2012. Combining Structured and Unstructured Knowledge Sources for Question Answering in Watson. In Data Integration in the Life Sciences: 8th International Conference, DILS 2012, College Park, MD, USA, June 28-29, 2012. Proceedings, eds. O Bodenreider, B Rance, pp. 53–55. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Economics.

Blog post
Davis J. 2015. Genetically Engineered Bacteria Could Detect Cancer And Tell You By Making Your Pee Glow. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1976. Coordination of Government Research and Development. 094665, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kolasa A. 2014. Essays on Firm Behavior in Developing Countries. Doctoral dissertation thesis. George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Vecsey G. 2011. Letter of the Law 1, Proportion 0. New York Times, Sep. 4, , p. SP4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Maxmen 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Maxmen 2013; Nuth & Johnson 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nuth & Johnson 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Malsam et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Economics
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Econom.
ISSN (print)1941-1383
ISSN (online)1941-1391

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