How to format your references using the Annual Review of Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jaenike J. 2007. Comment on “Impacts of biodiversity loss on ocean ecosystem services.” Science. 316(5829):1285; author reply 1285
A journal article with 2 authors
Wiest O, Helquist P. 2011. Chemistry. Striking a balance to control stereochemistry. Science. 333(6051):1831–32
A journal article with 3 authors
Germain RN, Robey EA, Cahalan MD. 2012. A decade of imaging cellular motility and interaction dynamics in the immune system. Science. 336(6089):1676–81
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Evans JP, Zane L, Francescato S, Pilastro A. 2003. Directional postcopulatory sexual selection revealed by artificial insemination. Nature. 421(6921):360–63

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ahonen TT. 2006. M-Profits. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
An edited book
Palesi M, Daneshtalab M, eds. 2014. Routing Algorithms in Networks-on-Chip. New York, NY: Springer
A chapter in an edited book
Starov O, Vilkomir S, Gorbenko A, Kharchenko V. 2015. Testing-as-a-Service for Mobile Applications: State-of-the-Art Survey. In Dependability Problems of Complex Information Systems, eds. W Zamojski, J Sugier, pp. 55–71. Cham: Springer International Publishing

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Economics.

Blog post
Davis J. 2017. Ban On Testing Vaccines On Captive Apes Threatens Their Wild Counterparts. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2015. Public-Safety Broadband Network: FirstNet Should Strengthen Internal Controls and Evaluate Lessons Learned. GAO-15-407, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Slayton KA. 2013. A psychoeducational support group for families of youth experiencing symptoms of schizophrenia: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation thesis. California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S. 2007. Collective Farmers’ Monuments Meet Paintball. New York Times, Nov. 11, , p. 511

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jaenike 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Jaenike 2007; Wiest & Helquist 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wiest & Helquist 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Evans et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Economics
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Econom.
ISSN (print)1941-1383
ISSN (online)1941-1391

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