How to format your references using the Annual Review of Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kristoufek L. 2013. BitCoin meets Google Trends and Wikipedia: quantifying the relationship between phenomena of the Internet era. Sci. Rep. 3:3415
A journal article with 2 authors
Packer A, Clay K. 2000. Soil pathogens and spatial patterns of seedling mortality in a temperate tree. Nature. 404(6775):278–81
A journal article with 3 authors
Santra MK, Wajapeyee N, Green MR. 2009. F-box protein FBXO31 mediates cyclin D1 degradation to induce G1 arrest after DNA damage. Nature. 459(7247):722–25
A journal article with 7 or more authors
D’Anna G, Mayor P, Barrat A, Loreto V, Nori F. 2003. Observing brownian motion in vibration-fluidized granular matter. Nature. 424(6951):909–12

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Klöpffer W. 2012. Verhalten Und Abbau von Umweltchemikalien. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA
An edited book
Seipel D, Hanus M, Wolf A, eds. 2009. Applications of Declarative Programming and Knowledge Management: 17th International Conference, INAP 2007, and 21st Workshop on Logic Programming, WLP 2007, Würzburg, Germany, October 4-6, 2007, Revised Selected Papers, Vol. 5437. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer
A chapter in an edited book
Stan A, Pop F-C, Cremene M, Giurgiu M, Pallez D. 2012. Interactive Intonation Optimisation Using CMA-ES and DCT Parameterisation of the F0 Contour for Speech Synthesis. In Nature Inspired Cooperative Strategies for Optimization (NICSO 2011), eds. DA Pelta, N Krasnogor, D Dumitrescu, C Chira, R Lung, pp. 57–71. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Economics.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2014. How Some Parasites Can End Up In Your Eye And Turn You Blind. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2003. Highway Safety: Factors Contributing to Traffic Crashes and NHTSA’s Efforts to Address Them. GAO-03-730T, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Libman M. 2012. A policy analysis of the Penal Code Section 186.20-186.33: California Street Terrorism Enforcement and Prevention Act. Doctoral dissertation thesis. California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sang-Hun C. 2017. Accused of ‘Hostile Acts,’ a 4th American Citizen Is Detained by North Korea. New York Times, May 7, , p. A4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kristoufek 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Kristoufek 2013; Packer & Clay 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Packer & Clay 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (D’Anna et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Economics
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Econom.
ISSN (print)1941-1383
ISSN (online)1941-1391

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