How to format your references using the Annual Review of Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smocovitis VB. 2000. George Ledyard Stebbins (1906-2000). Nature. 404(6778):562
A journal article with 2 authors
Malin MC, Edgett KS. 2003. Evidence for persistent flow and aqueous sedimentation on early Mars. Science. 302(5652):1931–34
A journal article with 3 authors
Qian H, Wang X, Zhang Y. 2012. Comment on “Disentangling the drivers of β diversity along latitudinal and elevational gradients.” Science. 335(6076):1573; author reply 1573
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lawton RO, Nair US, Pielke Sr RA, Welch RM. 2001. Climatic impact of tropical lowland deforestation on nearby montane cloud forests. Science. 294(5542):584–87

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rémond Y, Ahzi S, Baniassadi M, Garmestani H. 2016. Applied RVE Reconstruction and Homogenization of Heterogeneous Materials. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
O’Riordan L, Zmuda P, Heinemann S, eds. 2015. New Perspectives on Corporate Social Responsibility: Locating the Missing Link. Wiesbaden: Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden
A chapter in an edited book
Ginat DT, Farrokh-Siar L, Yanoga F, Pasquale L. 2015. Ophthalmic Imaging and Neuroimaging of the Effects of Glaucoma Treatment. In Post-Treatment Imaging of the Orbit, eds. DT Ginat, SK Freitag, pp. 41–63. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Economics.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. 2016. Study Confirms That Comets Are Remnants Of The Early Solar System. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1999. Surface Infrastructure: High-Speed Rail Projects in the United States. RCED-99-44, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Grigoryan A. 2015. Feedback 2.0 in online writing instruction: Combining audio-visual and text-based commentary to enhance student revision and writing competency. Doctoral dissertation thesis. Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
de la MERCED MJ. 2017. Blue Apron Pursues I.P.O. As Amazon Poses Threat. New York Times, June 19, , p. B2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smocovitis 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Malin & Edgett 2003; Smocovitis 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Malin & Edgett 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Lawton et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Economics
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Econom.
ISSN (print)1941-1383
ISSN (online)1941-1391

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