How to format your references using the Annual Review of Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Holmes D. 2015. Ovarian cancer: beyond resistance. Nature. 527(7579):S217
A journal article with 2 authors
Milad MR, Quirk GJ. 2002. Neurons in medial prefrontal cortex signal memory for fear extinction. Nature. 420(6911):70–74
A journal article with 3 authors
Hristov TS, Miller SD, Friehe CA. 2003. Dynamical coupling of wind and ocean waves through wave-induced air flow. Nature. 422(6927):55–58
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Vukovic N, Healy N, Suhailin FH, Mehta P, Day TD, et al. 2013. Ultrafast optical control using the Kerr nonlinearity in hydrogenated amorphous silicon microcylindrical resonators. Sci. Rep. 3:2885

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Duchon C, Hale R. 2012. Time Series Analysis in Meteorology and Climatology. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
An edited book
Ng SF, ed. 2015. Cases of Mathematics Professional Development in East Asian Countries: Using Video to Support Grounded Analysis, Vol. 10. Singapore: Springer
A chapter in an edited book
Klous S, Wielaard N. 2016. Hitting the Bullseye First Time Around. In We Are Big Data: The Future of the Information Society, ed. N Wielaard, pp. 53–75. Paris: Atlantis Press

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Economics.

Blog post
Fang J. 2014. Sharks Won’t Hunt As Well in Acidifying Oceans. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1990. Air Traffic Control: Status of FAA’s Effort to Modernize the System. RCED-90-146FS, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Woodland RJ. 2010. Investigating the role of the mid-Atlantic inner continental shelf as a marine finfish nursery: A comparative approach. Doctoral dissertation thesis. University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Novick SM. 2015. Flavor Bombs From a Storm-Tossed Chef. New York Times, Aug. 30, , p. LI7

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Holmes 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Holmes 2015; Milad & Quirk 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Milad & Quirk 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Vukovic et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Economics
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Econom.
ISSN (print)1941-1383
ISSN (online)1941-1391

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