How to format your references using the Annual Review of Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shea K. 2007. Ecology. How the wood moves. Science. 315(5816):1231–32
A journal article with 2 authors
Moellering RE, Cravatt BF. 2013. Functional lysine modification by an intrinsically reactive primary glycolytic metabolite. Science. 341(6145):549–53
A journal article with 3 authors
Szemenyei H, Hannon M, Long JA. 2008. TOPLESS mediates auxin-dependent transcriptional repression during Arabidopsis embryogenesis. Science. 319(5868):1384–86
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Bermejo M, Rodríguez-Teijeiro JD, Illera G, Barroso A, Vilà C, Walsh PD. 2006. Ebola outbreak killed 5000 gorillas. Science. 314(5805):1564

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sanders S. 2015. Seizures in Dogs and Cats. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc
An edited book
Resch M, Bönisch T, Benkert K, Bez W, Furui T, Seo Y, eds. 2006. High Performance Computing on Vector Systems: Proceedings of the High Performance Computing Center Stuttgart, March 2005. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer
A chapter in an edited book
Drugman T, Bozkurt B, Dutoit T. 2010. Glottal Source Estimation Using an Automatic Chirp Decomposition. In Advances in Nonlinear Speech Processing: International Conference on Nonlinear Speech Processing, NOLISP 2009, Vic, Spain, June 25-27. Revised Selected Papers, eds. J Solé-Casals, V Zaiats, pp. 35–42. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Economics.

Blog post
Andrew D. 2016. How The Brain Changes In Alzheimer’s Disease: A New View. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1968. Need To Improve System for Managing Capitalized Equipment in the Bureau of Indian Affairs. B-114868, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Robey AM. 2017. The Benefits of Testing: Individual Differences Based on Student Factors. Doctoral dissertation thesis. University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K. 2009. It’s Fresh, Local and Elegant. New York Times, Aug. 30, , p. NJ13

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Shea 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Moellering & Cravatt 2013; Shea 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Moellering & Cravatt 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Bermejo et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Economics
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Econom.
ISSN (print)1941-1383
ISSN (online)1941-1391

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