How to format your references using the Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith O. 2001. Development. Nota bene: a SAC of crumbs and stardust. Science. 294(5551):2498
A journal article with 2 authors
Shi Q, King RW. 2005. Chromosome nondisjunction yields tetraploid rather than aneuploid cells in human cell lines. Nature. 437(7061):1038–42
A journal article with 3 authors
Huxter J, Burgess N, O’Keefe J. 2003. Independent rate and temporal coding in hippocampal pyramidal cells. Nature. 425(6960):828–32
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hyland C, Dufresne ER, Dufrense ER, Forscher P. 2014. Regeneration of Aplysia bag cell neurons is synergistically enhanced by substrate-bound hemolymph proteins and laminin. Sci. Rep. 4:4617

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kelly VA. 2015. ADDICTION in the Family: What Every Counselor Needs to Know. Alexandria, USA: American Counseling Association
An edited book
Rehm G, Uszkoreit H, eds. 2012. The Latvian Language in the Digital Age. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer
A chapter in an edited book
Ferrarese G, Bini D. 2008. Relativistic Kinematics for a Three-Dimensional Continuum. In Introduction to Relativistic Continuum Mechanics, eds. G Ferrarese, D Bini, pp. 169–206. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences.

Blog post
Hamilton K. 2016. How Songbirds Island-Hopped Their Way From Australia To Colonize The World. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2009. Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites: Acquisition Has Increased Costs, Reduced Capabilities, and Delayed Schedules. GAO-09-596T, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zavala M. 2009. Latinos’ attitudes towards receiving mental health services. Doctoral dissertation thesis. California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. 2011. Summoning Another Storm. New York Times, Sep. 12, , p. D8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smith 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Shi & King 2005; Smith 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shi & King 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Hyland et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Earth Planet. Sci.
ISSN (print)0084-6597
ISSN (online)1545-4495
ScopeEarth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
Space and Planetary Science
Astronomy and Astrophysics

Other styles