How to format your references using the Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Feringa BL. 2001. Chemistry. A new twist on chirality. Science. 292(5524):2021–22
A journal article with 2 authors
Edenhofer O, Minx J. 2014. Climate policy. Mapmakers and navigators, facts and values. Science. 345(6192):37–38
A journal article with 3 authors
Dragoi V, Rivadulla C, Sur M. 2001. Foci of orientation plasticity in visual cortex. Nature. 411(6833):80–86
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ma D, Zerangue N, Lin YF, Collins A, Yu M, et al. 2001. Role of ER export signals in controlling surface potassium channel numbers. Science. 291(5502):316–19

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rich P. 2011. Understanding, Assessing, and Rehabilitating Juvenile Sexual Offenders. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Squazzoni F, ed. 2009. Epistemological Aspects of Computer Simulation in the Social Sciences: Second International Workshop, EPOS 2006, Brescia, Italy, October 5-6, 2006, Revised Selected and Invited Papers, Vol. 5466. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer
A chapter in an edited book
Kensche D, Quix C, Chatti MA, Jarke M. 2007. GeRoMe: A Generic Role Based Metamodel for Model Management. In Journal on Data Semantics VIII, eds. S Spaccapietra, P Atzeni, F Fages, M-S Hacid, M Kifer, et al., pp. 82–117. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. A Team Member’s View Of All The Work On Earth It Took To Get New Horizons To Pluto. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2016. National Mediation Board: Progress Made on Some GAO Recommendations to Strengthen Operations, but Key Controls Continue to Be Needed. GAO-16-240, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Goetz SB. 2014. Perceptions toward a restraint-free practice: A case study. Doctoral dissertation thesis. University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. 2002. A Drive to Save a Tiger By the Name of Tammany. New York Times, July 14, , p. 144

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Feringa 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Edenhofer & Minx 2014; Feringa 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Edenhofer & Minx 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Ma et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Earth Planet. Sci.
ISSN (print)0084-6597
ISSN (online)1545-4495
ScopeEarth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
Space and Planetary Science
Astronomy and Astrophysics

Other styles