How to format your references using the Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Savage N. 2013. Physiology: Beating stroke. Nature. 493(7434):S12-3
A journal article with 2 authors
Barbour DL, Wang X. 2003. Contrast tuning in auditory cortex. Science. 299(5609):1073–75
A journal article with 3 authors
Caron J-B, Morris SC, Cameron CB. 2013. Tubicolous enteropneusts from the Cambrian period. Nature. 495(7442):503–6
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Misra S, Kumar A, Ratnasekhar C, Sharma V, Mudiam MKR, Ravi Ram K. 2014. Exposure to endosulfan influences sperm competition in Drosophila melanogaster. Sci. Rep. 4:7433

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tissue BM. 2013. Basics of Analytical Chemistry and Chemical Equilibria. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Lember V, Kattel R, Kalvet T, eds. 2014. Public Procurement, Innovation and Policy: International Perspectives. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer
A chapter in an edited book
Williams N, Prohasky D, Burry J, Crolla K, Leary M, et al. 2015. Challenges of Scale Modelling Material Behaviour of Additive-Manufactured Nodes. In Modelling Behaviour: Design Modelling Symposium 2015, eds. MR Thomsen, M Tamke, C Gengnagel, B Faircloth, F Scheurer, pp. 45–51. Cham: Springer International Publishing

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. Farmers Of The Future Will Utilize Drones, Robots And GPS. IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2002. Higher Education: Activities Underway to Improve Teacher Training, but Reporting on These Activities Could Be Enhanced. GAO-03-6, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bonilla E. 2017. Parental Employment Status and Child Feeding Practices Among African American and Latina Adolescent Girls. Doctoral dissertation thesis. California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S. 2012. Church Hints It May Serve As Mediator In Russia. New York Times, Jan. 7, , p. A10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Savage 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Barbour & Wang 2003; Savage 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Barbour & Wang 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Misra et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Earth Planet. Sci.
ISSN (print)0084-6597
ISSN (online)1545-4495
ScopeEarth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
Space and Planetary Science
Astronomy and Astrophysics

Other styles