How to format your references using the Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Harris N. 2015. Immunology: Chronic effects of acute infections. Nature. 526(7574):509–10
A journal article with 2 authors
Pielke RA Sr, Chase TN. 2004. Comment on “Contributions of anthropogenic and natural forcing to recent tropopause height changes.” Science. 303(5665):1771; author reply 1771
A journal article with 3 authors
Solter LF, Kyei-Poku GK, Johny S. 2013. Comment on “Invasive harlequin ladybird carries biological weapons against native competitors.” Science. 341(6152):1342
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Thompson RC, Olsen Y, Mitchell RP, Davis A, Rowland SJ, et al. 2004. Lost at sea: where is all the plastic? Science. 304(5672):838

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Olofsson P. 2006. Probabilities. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Cai Z, Eulenstein O, Janies D, Schwartz D, eds. 2013. Bioinformatics Research and Applications: 9th International Symposium, ISBRA 2013, Charlotte, NC, USA, May 20-22, 2013. Proceedings, Vol. 7875. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer
A chapter in an edited book
Alrumaithi E, Guerrero M, Peña I. 2015. The Role of Employee’s Human Capital and the Work Environment on the Creation of Organizational Spin-Offs: Evidence from Spain. In Entrepreneurship, Human Capital, and Regional Development: Labor Networks, Knowledge Flows, and Industry Growth, eds. R Baptista, J Leitão, pp. 59–74. Cham: Springer International Publishing

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences.

Blog post
Hale T. 2017. This Device Eats Polluted Air And Spits Out Power. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1992. Space Station: NASA’s Software Development Approach Increases Safety and Cost Risks. IMTEC-92-39, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gwaduri E. 2009. A personal narrative: Struggles and experiences of acculturation as a Pakistani Shia Muslim while battling immigration. Doctoral dissertation thesis. California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sophia Kishkovsky; Compiled by. 2006. Arts, Briefly; $5 Million Theft at the Hermitage. New York Times, Aug. 1, , p. E2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Harris 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Harris 2015; Pielke & Chase 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pielke & Chase 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Thompson et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Earth Planet. Sci.
ISSN (print)0084-6597
ISSN (online)1545-4495
ScopeEarth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
Space and Planetary Science
Astronomy and Astrophysics

Other styles