How to format your references using the Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chalmers M. 2014. Medical research masterclass. Nature. 514(7522):S1
A journal article with 2 authors
Arim M, Barbosa O. 2002. Humped pattern of diversity: fact or artifact? Science. 297(5588):1763; discussion 1763
A journal article with 3 authors
Stenner MD, Gauthier DJ, Neifeld MA. 2003. The speed of information in a “fast-light” optical medium. Nature. 425(6959):695–98
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Chiritescu C, Cahill DG, Nguyen N, Johnson D, Bodapati A, et al. 2007. Ultralow thermal conductivity in disordered, layered WSe2 crystals. Science. 315(5810):351–53

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mohanty S, Ghosh R. 2010. Planning a Scientific Career in Industry. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Dechesne F, Hattori H, Mors AT, Such JM, Weyns D, Dignum F, eds. 2012. Advanced Agent Technology: AAMAS 2011 Workshops, AMPLE, AOSE, ARMS, DOCM3AS, ITMAS, Taipei, Taiwan, May 2-6, 2011. Revised Selected Papers, Vol. 7068. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer
A chapter in an edited book
Yan W, Wang W, Shan Y, Yang K, Sha W. 2015. Carbide-Strengthened Reduced Activation Heat-Resistant Steels. In 9-12Cr Heat-Resistant Steels, eds. W Wang, Y Shan, K Yang, W Sha, pp. 65–81. Cham: Springer International Publishing

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences.

Blog post
Hale T. 2016. A Nazi Time Capsule Has Been Unearthed At A Former Training Camp. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2014. DOD Business Systems Modernization: Air Force Business System Schedule and Cost Estimates. GAO-14-152, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kress DM. 2008. A phenomenological study exploring executive coaching: Understanding perceptions of self-awareness and leadership behavior changes. Doctoral dissertation thesis. University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B. 2017. An Everyman in Crisis. New York Times, Feb. 16, , p. C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chalmers 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Arim & Barbosa 2002; Chalmers 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Arim & Barbosa 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Chiritescu et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Earth Planet. Sci.
ISSN (print)0084-6597
ISSN (online)1545-4495
ScopeEarth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
Space and Planetary Science
Astronomy and Astrophysics

Other styles