How to format your references using the Ionics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ionics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Leach M (2007) Accommodating dissent. Nature 450:483
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Schiermeier Q, Smaglik P (2005) Homeward bound European Union. Nature 433:440–441
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Kessler A, Halitschke R, Baldwin IT (2004) Silencing the jasmonate cascade: induced plant defenses and insect populations. Science 305:665–668
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Wardle DA, Yeates GW, Barker GM, et al (2003) Island biology and ecosystem functioning in epiphytic soil communities. Science 301:1717–1720

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Birke D (2013) Social Networks and their Economics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
1.
Gilbert-Barness E, Debich-Spicer DE (2005) Handbook of Pediatric Autopsy Pathology. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Dantas YG, Lemos MOO, Fonseca IE, Nigam V (2016) Formal Specification and Verification of a Selective Defense for TDoS Attacks. In: Lucanu D (ed) Rewriting Logic and Its Applications: 11th International Workshop, WRLA 2016, Held as a Satellite Event of ETAPS, Eindhoven, The Netherlands, April 2-3, 2016, Revised Selected Papers. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 82–97

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ionics.

Blog post
1.
O`Callaghan J (2016) Japan’s Failed Hitomi Spacecraft Managed To Observe A Supermassive Black Hole Before It Died. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/japans-failed-hitomi-spacecraft-managed-to-observe-a-supermassive-black-hole-before-it-died/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2011) Aviation Security: TSA Has Taken Actions to Improve Security, but Additional Efforts Remain. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Lindeboom TN (2014) A new home for transitioning youth: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kelly M (1992) For Perot, a Time of Need. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIonics
AbbreviationIonics (Kiel)
ISSN (print)0947-7047
ISSN (online)1862-0760
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
General Engineering
General Materials Science
General Physics and Astronomy

Other styles