How to format your references using the Annual Review of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Toomre J. 2002. Solar physics. Order amidst turbulence. Science. 296(5565):64–65
A journal article with 2 authors
Weimerskirch H, Wilson RP. 2000. Oceanic respite for wandering albatrosses. Nature. 406(6799):955–56
A journal article with 3 authors
Zimmet P, Alberti KG, Shaw J. 2001. Global and societal implications of the diabetes epidemic. Nature. 414(6865):782–87
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Tachiwana H, Kagawa W, Shiga T, Osakabe A, Miya Y, et al. 2011. Crystal structure of the human centromeric nucleosome containing CENP-A. Nature. 476(7359):232–35

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hamad WY. 2017. Cellulose Nanocrystals. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
An edited book
Gustafsson S, Kalwij A, eds. 2006. Education and Postponement of Maternity: Economic Analyses for Industrialized Countries. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands. XIII, 327 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Faravani A, Zeraatpishe M. 2016. Selection and Gradation in Materials Development. In Issues in Materials Development, ed M Azarnoosh, M Zeraatpishe, A Faravani, HR Kargozari, pp. 43–56. Rotterdam: SensePublishers

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2014. Why Do Humans Grow So Slowly? IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1984. Costs of Government Funded Trips for Invitees To Attend Space Shuttle Launches at Kennedy Space Center, Florida. NSIAD-84-77, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Slayton KA. 2013. A psychoeducational support group for families of youth experiencing symptoms of schizophrenia: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation thesis. California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. 2000. The Way We Live Now: 8-13-00: ShopTalk; Put Me In, Dad. New York Times, Aug. 13, p. 622

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Chem. Biomol. Eng.
ISSN (print)1947-5438
ISSN (online)1947-5446
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
General Chemistry
Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Other styles