How to format your references using the Infectious Disease Clinics of North America citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Infectious Disease Clinics of North America (IDC). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Spoor F. Palaeoanthropology: The middle Pliocene gets crowded. Nature 2015;521(7553):432–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Maherali H., Klironomos JN. Influence of phylogeny on fungal community assembly and ecosystem functioning. Science 2007;316(5832):1746–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Shen HZ., Wang W., Yi XX. Hall conductance and topological invariant for open systems. Sci Rep 2014;4:6455.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Peterson CH., Rice SD., Short JW., et al. Long-term ecosystem response to the Exxon Valdez oil spill. Science 2003;302(5653):2082–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Sundararajan D. Discretewavelet Transform. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons, Singapore Pte. Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
1.
Vrbová G. Application of Muscle/Nerve Stimulation in Health and Disease. vol. 4. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Pears R., Sing Koh Y., Dobbie G. EWGen: Automatic Generation of Item Weights for Weighted Association Rule Mining. In: Cao L, Feng Y, and Zhong J, editors. Advanced Data Mining and Applications: 6th International Conference, ADMA 2010, Chongqing, China, November 19-21, 2010, Proceedings, Part I. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. p. 36–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Infectious Disease Clinics of North America.

Blog post
1.
Fang J. Running Cures Blindness In Mice. IFLScience. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/running-cures-blindness-mice/. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Possible Extended Use of the Federal Telecommunications System by DOD. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1973.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Plosky WD. An Investment Case for Addressing Social Drivers of Structural Stigma and Discrimination Against Refugees in Resource-Poor Urban Areas. Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University, New York, NY, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Crow K. Homeless Take Control of Their Lives on the Web. New York Times 2000:145.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleInfectious Disease Clinics of North America
AbbreviationInfect. Dis. Clin. North Am.
ISSN (print)0891-5520
ISSN (online)1557-9824
ScopeInfectious Diseases
Microbiology (medical)

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