How to format your references using the Annals of the Entomological Society of America citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of the Entomological Society of America. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Greer, J. R. 2014. Chemistry. Nanoframe catalysts. Science. 343: 1319–1320.
A journal article with 2 authors
Synolakis, C., and S. Foteinis. 2009. Choking on carbon emissions from Greek academic paperwork. Nature. 461: 167.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kaul, M., G. A. Garden, and S. A. Lipton. 2001. Pathways to neuronal injury and apoptosis in HIV-associated dementia. Nature. 410: 988–994.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Stevens, J., A. L. Corper, C. F. Basler, J. K. Taubenberger, P. Palese, and I. A. Wilson. 2004. Structure of the uncleaved human H1 hemagglutinin from the extinct 1918 influenza virus. Science. 303: 1866–1870.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Alexander, M., and J. Walkenbach. 2012. 101 Ready-to-Use Excel® Macros. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Beheshti, S.-M.-R. 2016. Process Analytics: Concepts and Techniques for Querying and Analyzing Process Data. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Kapoor, S., and K. Dhama. 2014. Evolution of Influenza Viruses, pp. 31–64. In Dhama, K. (ed.), Insight into Influenza Viruses of Animals and Humans. Springer International Publishing, Cham.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of the Entomological Society of America.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. Scientists Discover How This Beautiful Shimmering Creature Turns Invisible. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1990. FAA Encountering Problems in Acquiring Major Automated Systems ( No. T-IMTEC-90-6). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kyereboah, R. 2015. Criteria For Appointing Board Members to Corporate Boards in Ghana (Doctoral dissertation).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M., and K. Belson. 2012. Open Is Drawing Record Crowds, but Fans Are Feeling the Squeeze. New York Times. B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Greer 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Synolakis and Foteinis 2009, Greer 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Synolakis and Foteinis 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Stevens et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of the Entomological Society of America
AbbreviationAnn. Entomol. Soc. Am.
ISSN (print)0013-8746
ScopeInsect Science

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