How to format your references using the Annals of the Entomological Society of America citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of the Entomological Society of America. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Azoulay, P. 2012. Research efficiency: Turn the scientific method on ourselves. Nature. 484: 31–32.
A journal article with 2 authors
Treves, A., and J. Bruskotter. 2014. Ecology. Tolerance for predatory wildlife. Science. 344: 476–477.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fehr, E., H. Bernhard, and B. Rockenbach. 2008. Egalitarianism in young children. Nature. 454: 1079–1083.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lyamin, O., J. Pryaslova, V. Lance, and J. Siegel. 2005. Animal behaviour: continuous activity in cetaceans after birth. Nature. 435: 1177.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bisswanger, H. 2005. Enzymkinetik. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Ghosh, J. 2010. Silverlight Recipes: A Problem-Solution Approach, Second Edition. ed. Apress, Berkeley, CA.
A chapter in an edited book
Seeling, P., F. H. P. Fitzek, and M. Reisslein. 2007. Metrics and Statistics for Video Traces, pp. 45–58. In Fitzek, F.H.P., Reisslein, M. (eds.), Video Traces for Network Performance Evaluation: A Comprehensive Overview and Guide on Video Traces and Their Utilization in Networking Research. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of the Entomological Society of America.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. 2016. China Completes World’s Largest Radio Telescope. IFLScience. (


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1992. Desert Shield/Storm: U.S. Transportation Command’s Support of Operation ( No. NSIAD-92-54). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Espinoza, M. 2010. A Latina’s educational attainment and her observations of foster youth’s educational struggles: A narrative (Doctoral dissertation).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. 2012. Olympic Spot Conceded Without Runoff. New York Times. B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Azoulay 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Azoulay 2012, Treves and Bruskotter 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Treves and Bruskotter 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Lyamin et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of the Entomological Society of America
AbbreviationAnn. Entomol. Soc. Am.
ISSN (print)0013-8746
ScopeInsect Science

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