How to format your references using the Annals of the Entomological Society of America citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of the Entomological Society of America. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vaux, D. L. 2012. Research methods: Know when your numbers are significant. Nature. 492: 180–181.
A journal article with 2 authors
MacLean, R. C., and I. Gudelj. 2006. Resource competition and social conflict in experimental populations of yeast. Nature. 441: 498–501.
A journal article with 3 authors
Riddihough, G., B. A. Purnell, and J. Travis. 2008. Freedom of expression. Introduction to special issue. Science. 319: 1781.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Song, C.-L., Y.-L. Wang, P. Cheng, Y.-P. Jiang, W. Li, T. Zhang, Z. Li, K. He, L. Wang, J.-F. Jia, H.-H. Hung, C. Wu, X. Ma, X. Chen, and Q.-K. Xue. 2011. Direct observation of nodes and twofold symmetry in FeSe superconductor. Science. 332: 1410–1413.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rezaee, Z. 2011. Financial Services Firms. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
(Evolutionary Based Solutions for Green Computing) . 2013. Evolutionary Based Solutions for Green Computing, Studies in Computational Intelligence. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Smith, J. E. H. 2013. Heat, Action, Perception: Models of Living Beings in German Medical Cartesianism, pp. 105–123. In Dobre, M., Nyden, T. (eds.), Cartesian Empiricisms, Studies in History and Philosophy of Science. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of the Entomological Society of America.

Blog post
Luntz, S. 2014. Lego’s Fantastic Instructions For Parents In 1973. IFLScience. (


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2000. Federal Research: DOE Is Providing Independent Review of the Scientific Merit of Its Research ( No. RCED-00-109). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McCourt, S. B. 2008. A phenomenological study of anticipated housing, healthcare, and biopsychosocial needs of aging female baby boomers (Doctoral dissertation).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear, M. D. 2017. President Issues Terms of a Deal Over ‘Dreamers.’ New York Times. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Vaux 2012).
This sentence cites two references (MacLean and Gudelj 2006, Vaux 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (MacLean and Gudelj 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Song et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of the Entomological Society of America
AbbreviationAnn. Entomol. Soc. Am.
ISSN (print)0013-8746
ScopeInsect Science

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