How to format your references using the Annals of the Entomological Society of America citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of the Entomological Society of America. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chien, K. R. 2008. Regenerative medicine and human models of human disease. Nature. 453: 302–305.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lucić, V., and W. Baumeister. 2005. Neuroscience. Monte Carlo places strong odds on ectopic release. Science. 309: 387–388.
A journal article with 3 authors
Petit, R. J., F. S. Hu, and C. W. Dick. 2008. Forests of the past: a window to future changes. Science. 320: 1450–1452.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Michel, T., J. M. Reichhart, J. A. Hoffmann, and J. Royet. 2001. Drosophila Toll is activated by Gram-positive bacteria through a circulating peptidoglycan recognition protein. Nature. 414: 756–759.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tms. 2011. Engineering Solutions for Sustainability. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
(Superdense QCD Matter and Compact Stars) . 2006. Superdense QCD Matter and Compact Stars, NATO Science Series II: Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Murphy, G. M., and N. Ralph. 2016. Photoprotection, Photoimmunology and Autoimmune Diseases, pp. 75–93. In Wang, S.Q., Lim, H.W. (eds.), Principles and Practice of Photoprotection. Springer International Publishing, Cham.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of the Entomological Society of America.

Blog post
Andrews, R. 2016. You Can Actually Fracture Your Penis. IFLScience. (


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1972. Achievements, Cost, and Administration of the Ocean Sediment Coring Program ( No. B-171989). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jurka, J. 2010. The importance of being a complement: CED effects revisited (Doctoral dissertation).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Williams, J. 2016. If It Ain’t Broke. New York Times. BR6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chien 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Lucić and Baumeister 2005, Chien 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lucić and Baumeister 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Michel et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of the Entomological Society of America
AbbreviationAnn. Entomol. Soc. Am.
ISSN (print)0013-8746
ScopeInsect Science

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