How to format your references using the Annals of the Entomological Society of America citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of the Entomological Society of America. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Downer, M. C. 2002. Optics. A new low for nonlinear optics. Science. 298: 373–375.
A journal article with 2 authors
Harper, N. S., and D. McAlpine. 2004. Optimal neural population coding of an auditory spatial cue. Nature. 430: 682–686.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li, C. W., J. Ciston, and M. W. Kanan. 2014. Electroreduction of carbon monoxide to liquid fuel on oxide-derived nanocrystalline copper. Nature. 508: 504–507.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Selbach, M., B. Schwanhäusser, N. Thierfelder, Z. Fang, R. Khanin, and N. Rajewsky. 2008. Widespread changes in protein synthesis induced by microRNAs. Nature. 455: 58–63.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Todinov, M. T. 2005. Reliability and Risk Models. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
(Bioenergetic Processes of Cyanobacteria: From Evolutionary Singularity to Ecological Diversity) . 2011. Bioenergetic Processes of Cyanobacteria: From Evolutionary Singularity to Ecological Diversity. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Della Mea, V. 2013. Gödel’s Childhood and Other Algorithms, pp. 23–30. In Emmer, M. (ed.), Imagine Math 2: Between Culture and Mathematics. Springer, Milano.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of the Entomological Society of America.

Blog post
Fang, J. 2015. Can You Get a Food Allergy From a Blood Transfusion? IFLScience. (


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1986. Digests of Unpublished Decisions of the Comptroller General of the United States, Vol. II, No. 12 ( No. 131721). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Harris, R. H. 2017. Comparing the Effects of Traditional Face-to-face, Technology-Based, and Blended Instructional Strategies in a Post-Secondary Spanish Language Learning Environment (Doctoral dissertation).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon, J., and M. Apuzzo. 2015. Some Who Are Part of Problem in Ferguson Are Asked to Be Part of Solution. New York Times. A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Downer 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Downer 2002, Harper and McAlpine 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Harper and McAlpine 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Selbach et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of the Entomological Society of America
AbbreviationAnn. Entomol. Soc. Am.
ISSN (print)0013-8746
ScopeInsect Science

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