How to format your references using the Annals of Nuclear Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Nuclear Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Chiang T. Catching crumbs from the table. In the face of metahuman science, humans have become metascientists. Nature. 2000;405:517.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Cruz M, Coontz R. Galaxy evolution. A universe of galaxies. Introduction. Science. 2011;333:169.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Yang X, Minton TK, Zhang DH. Chemistry. Rethinking chemical reactions at hyperthermal energies. Science. 2012;336:1650–1.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Prokscha T, Chow KH, Stilp E, Suter A, Luetkens H, Morenzoni E, et al. Photo-induced persistent inversion of germanium in a 200-nm-deep surface region. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2569.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Gros D, Lannoo K. The Euro Capital Market. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2004.
An edited book
1. Deng H, Miao D, Wang FL, Lei J, editors. Emerging Research in Artificial Intelligence and Computational Intelligence: International Conference, AICI 2011, Taiyuan, China, September 23-25, 2011. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. van Kessel T, Drost N, Seinstra FJ. User Transparent Task Parallel Multimedia Content Analysis. In: D’Ambra P, Guarracino M, Talia D, editors. Euro-Par 2010 - Parallel Processing: 16th International Euro-Par Conference, Ischia, Italy, August 31 - September 3, 2010, Proceedings, Part II. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. p. 38–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Nuclear Medicine.

Blog post
1. Davis J. New “Hog-Nosed” Rat Discovered In Indonesia [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/new-hog-nosed-rat-discovered-indonesia/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: SBA Needs to Strengthen Oversight of Its Loan Management and Accounting System Modernization. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012 Feb. Report No.: GAO-12-395T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Thirumal VM. Production of Microbial Lipids from Lipomyces starkeyi [Doctoral dissertation]. [ Lafayette, LA]: University of Louisiana; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. McKINLEY JC Jr. Charges In Threats To Lawyers Suing Fox. New York Times. 2017 Jun 10;B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Nuclear Medicine
AbbreviationAnn. Nucl. Med.
ISSN (print)0914-7187
ISSN (online)1864-6433
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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