How to format your references using the Annals of Nuclear Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Nuclear Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Barrangou R. RNA events. Cas9 targeting and the CRISPR revolution. Science. 2014;344:707–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Prather MJ, Hsu J. Coupling of nitrous oxide and methane by global atmospheric chemistry. Science. 2010;330:952–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Sauer U, Heinemann M, Zamboni N. Genetics. Getting closer to the whole picture. Science. 2007;316:550–1.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Dreyfus R, Baudry J, Roper ML, Fermigier M, Stone HA, Bibette J. Microscopic artificial swimmers. Nature. 2005;437:862–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Nicu L, Leïchlé T. Micro- and Nanoelectromechanical Biosensors. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1. Lajtha A, Chan PH, editors. Handbook of Neurochemistry and Molecular Neurobiology: Acute Ischemic Injury and Repair in the Nervous System. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Gu P. EFL Teacher Learning in the Chinese Sociocultural Context. In: Coniam D, editor. English Language Education and Assessment: Recent Developments in Hong Kong and the Chinese Mainland. Singapore: Springer; 2014. p. 69–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Nuclear Medicine.

Blog post
1. Andrew D. Jungle Boogie: Five Dancing Animals Who Know How To Strut Their Stuff [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/jungle-boogie-five-dancing-animals-who-know-how-to-strut-their-stuff/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. U.S. Postal Service: Information on How Broadband Affects Postal Use and the Communications Options for Rural Residents. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016 Sep. Report No.: GAO-16-811.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Starr MJ. Tests for Positive Selection on Genes Encoding Heat Shock Proteins in the Marine Slipper Snail, Crepidula fornicata [Doctoral dissertation]. [ Lafayette, LA]: University of Louisiana; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Vecsey G. As a Butterfly or as a Bee, Ali Made an Impression. New York Times. 2016 Jun 4;D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Nuclear Medicine
AbbreviationAnn. Nucl. Med.
ISSN (print)0914-7187
ISSN (online)1864-6433
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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