How to format your references using the Annals of Nuclear Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Nuclear Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Mandavilli A. Struggling to make an impact. Nature. 2004;430:935.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Boehm M, Slack F. A developmental timing microRNA and its target regulate life span in C. elegans. Science. 2005;310:1954–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Egholm DL, Knudsen MF, Sandiford M. Lifespan of mountain ranges scaled by feedbacks between landsliding and erosion by rivers. Nature. 2013;498:475–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Kurtsiefer C, Zarda P, Halder M, Weinfurter H, Gorman PM, Tapster PR, et al. A step towards global key distribution. Nature. 2002;419:450.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Lee Abbott M, McKinney J. Understanding and Applying Research Design. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1. Syme D. Expert F#. Granicz A, Cisternino A, editors. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Tian J, Chen J, Chen G, Wu P, Zhang H, Zhao Y. Roles of Conditional QTL in Crop Breeding and Cultivation. In: Chen J, Chen G, Wu P, Zhang H, Zhao Y, editors. Genetic Analyses of Wheat and Molecular Marker-Assisted Breeding, Volume 2: Conditional QTL Analysis and MAS. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2015. p. 173–6.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Nuclear Medicine.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Flexible Film May Be Next Big Thing In Energy Production [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/chemistry/flexible-film-may-be-next-big-thing-energy-production/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Title 6--NAD Electronic Signature. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994 Apr. Report No.: AIMD-94-102R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Tabano JG. How Former Division I Student-Athletes Experienced Their Dual Undergraduate Roles: The Internal Competition for an Identity [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Gustines GG, Kepler AW. So Far, Sales for New DC Comics Are Super. New York Times. 2011 Oct 1;C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Nuclear Medicine
AbbreviationAnn. Nucl. Med.
ISSN (print)0914-7187
ISSN (online)1864-6433
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Other styles