How to format your references using the Animal Gene citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Animal Gene. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kemp, M., 2003. Science in culture: A mechanical mind. Nature 421, 214.
A journal article with 2 authors
Reid, G., Flonta, M.L., 2001. Physiology. Cold current in thermoreceptive neurons. Nature 413, 480.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cheng, Y.-N., Wu, X.-C., Ji, Q., 2004. Triassic marine reptiles gave birth to live young. Nature 432, 383–386.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Shigenobu, S., Watanabe, H., Hattori, M., Sakaki, Y., Ishikawa, H., 2000. Genome sequence of the endocellular bacterial symbiont of aphids Buchnera sp. APS. Nature 407, 81–86.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Godula-Jopek, A., Jehle, W., Wellnitz, J., 2012. Hydrogen Storage Technologies. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Anari, A., 2010. The Power of Profit: Business and Economic Analyses, Forecasting, and Stock Valuation. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Öchsner, A., Merkel, M., 2013. Torsion Bar, in: Merkel, M. (Ed.), One-Dimensional Finite Elements: An Introduction to the FE Method. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 51–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Animal Gene.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. We Care About Dementia, But We Often Don’t Know What Causes It [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/we-care-about-dementia-we-often-don-t-know-what-causes-it/ (accessed 10.30.18).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2007. Bankruptcy Reform: Value of Credit Counseling Requirements Is Not Clear (No. GAO-07-778T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Malekian, A., 2009. Combinatorial problems in online advertising (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sophia Kishkovsky; Compiled by, 2005. Arts, Briefly; Russian News Anchor Barred From Studio. New York Times B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kemp, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Kemp, 2003; Reid and Flonta, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Reid and Flonta, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Shigenobu et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnimal Gene
ISSN (print)2352-4065
Scope

Other styles