How to format your references using the Analytic Methods in Accident Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Analytic Methods in Accident Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Turchin, P., 2008. Arise “cliodynamics.” Nature 454, 34–35.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nix, P., Bastiani, M., 2013. Neuroscience. Heterochronic genes turn back the clock in old neurons. Science 340, 282–283.
A journal article with 3 authors
Davé, U.P., Jenkins, N.A., Copeland, N.G., 2004. Gene therapy insertional mutagenesis insights. Science 303, 333.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Liu, L., Botos, I., Wang, Y., Leonard, J.N., Shiloach, J., Segal, D.M., Davies, D.R., 2008. Structural basis of toll-like receptor 3 signaling with double-stranded RNA. Science 320, 379–381.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sheldrake, A.L., 2005. Handbook of Electrical Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Pies, I., Koslowski, P. (Eds.), 2011. Corporate Citizenship and New Governance: The Political Role of Corporations, Studies in Economic Ethics and Philosophy. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Borgianni, Y., Cascini, G., Rotini, F., 2012. Application of IPPR to the Reengineering Problems of Class 1, in: Borgianni, Y., Cascini, G. (Eds.), Re-Engineering of Products and Processes: How to Achieve Global Success in the Changing Marketplace, Springer Series in Advanced Manufacturing. Springer, London, pp. 87–105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Analytic Methods in Accident Research.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. New 600-Million-Year-Old Fossil is the World’s Oldest Sponge [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1989. Mass Transit Grants: UMTA Needs to Increase Safety Focus at Local Transit Authority (No. RCED-90-41). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Singh, A., 2017. Improving the Usability of Typometric Solutions (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W., 2010. The Illusion of Savings. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Turchin, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Nix and Bastiani, 2013; Turchin, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nix and Bastiani, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Liu et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnalytic Methods in Accident Research
AbbreviationAnal. Methods Accid. Res.
ISSN (print)2213-6657
ScopeSafety Research

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