How to format your references using the Analytic Methods in Accident Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Analytic Methods in Accident Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stocker, T.F., 2002. Climate change. North-south connections. Science 297, 1814–1815.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fox, E.J., Loeb, L.A., 2014. Cancer: One cell at a time. Nature 512, 143–144.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chuck, A.L., Turner, S.M., Liss, P.S., 2002. Direct evidence for a marine source of C1 and C2 alkyl nitrates. Science 297, 1151–1154.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bulavin, D.V., Higashimoto, Y., Popoff, I.J., Gaarde, W.A., Basrur, V., Potapova, O., Appella, E., Fornace, A.J., Jr, 2001. Initiation of a G2/M checkpoint after ultraviolet radiation requires p38 kinase. Nature 411, 102–107.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bennett, D.H., 2013. Bennett’s Cardiac Arrhythmias. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford.
An edited book
Polpo, A., Louzada, F., Rifo, L.L.R., Stern, J.M., Lauretto, M. (Eds.), 2015. Interdisciplinary Bayesian Statistics: EBEB 2014, Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Nagel, M.A., Cohrs, R.J., Gilden, D., 2013. Varicella Zoster Virus Infections, in: Jackson, A.C. (Ed.), Viral Infections of the Human Nervous System. Springer, Basel, pp. 87–114.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Analytic Methods in Accident Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Chemist Demonstrates Liquid Nitrogen Edition of ALS Ice Bucket Challenge [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2004. Mass Transit: FTA Needs to Better Define and Assess Impact of Certain Policies on New Starts Program (No. GAO-04-748). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Martin, R.L., 2017. Development of a Nutrition Program with Emphasis on Use of Social Media for Middle School Students (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B., 2017. In Pursuit of a Social Media Mirage. New York Times C10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stocker, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Fox and Loeb, 2014; Stocker, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fox and Loeb, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Bulavin et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnalytic Methods in Accident Research
AbbreviationAnal. Methods Accid. Res.
ISSN (print)2213-6657
ScopeSafety Research

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