How to format your references using the American Sociological Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Sociological Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sifers, Richard N. 2010. “Medicine. Clearing Conformational Disease.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 329(5988):154–55.
A journal article with 2 authors
Efferson, Charles, and Sonja Vogt. 2013. “Viewing Men’s Faces Does Not Lead to Accurate Predictions of Trustworthiness.” Scientific Reports 3:1047.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rand, David G., Joshua D. Greene, and Martin A. Nowak. 2012. “Spontaneous Giving and Calculated Greed.” Nature 489(7416):427–30.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gomes, R., H. F. Levison, K. Tsiganis, and A. Morbidelli. 2005. “Origin of the Cataclysmic Late Heavy Bombardment Period of the Terrestrial Planets.” Nature 435(7041):466–69.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hooper, Joseph, Aaron Zalewski, and Ed Watanabe. 2013. Advanced Charting Techniques for High Probability Trading. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Weiland, Hasso, Anthony D. Rollett, and William A. Cassada, eds. 2016. ICAA13 Pittsburgh: Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Aluminum Alloys. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Bobbio, Marco. 2012. “I Rischi Di Una Diagnostica Senza Limiti.” Pp. 27–36 in La comunicazione radiologica nella società del benessere, edited by F. Schiavon, G. Guglielmi, and A. Rotondo. Milano: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Sociological Review.

Blog post
Carpineti, Alfredo. 2016. “Gullies On Mars Are Not Formed By Liquid Water – But Other Features Are.” IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 (


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2001. Abstracts of Reports and Testimony: Fiscal Year 2000. GAO-01-558SP. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Warrick, Alyssa Diane. 2017. “‘Deep’ South: Mammoth Cave, Kentucky, and Environmental Knowledge, 1800-1974.” Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bordewich, Fergus M. 2017. “Debate Prep.” New York Times, August 14, BR21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sifers 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Efferson and Vogt 2013; Sifers 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Efferson and Vogt 2013)
  • Three authors: (Rand, Greene, and Nowak 2012)
  • 4 or more authors: (Gomes et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Sociological Review
AbbreviationAm. Sociol. Rev.
ISSN (print)0003-1224
ScopeSociology and Political Science

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