How to format your references using the American Sociological Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Sociological Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Triendl, Robert. 2002. “Computerized Role Models.” Nature 417(6892):7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Després, Jean-Pierre, and Isabelle Lemieux. 2006. “Abdominal Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome.” Nature 444(7121):881–87.
A journal article with 3 authors
Burtally, N., P. J. King, and Michael R. Swift. 2002. “Spontaneous Air-Driven Separation in Vertically Vibrated Fine Granular Mixtures.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 295(5561):1877–79.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Selmer, Maria, Christine M. Dunham, Frank V. Murphy 4th, Albert Weixlbaumer, Sabine Petry, Ann C. Kelley, John R. Weir, and V. Ramakrishnan. 2006. “Structure of the 70S Ribosome Complexed with MRNA and TRNA.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 313(5795):1935–42.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ghosh, Abhik, and Steffen Berg. 2014. Arrow Pushing in Inorganic Chemistry. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Wang, Xinyuan. 2015. Traceback and Anonymity. edited by D. Reeves. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Guth, Brian D. 2006. “Methods in Cardiovascular Safety Pharmacology.” Pp. 61–94 in Drug Discovery and Evaluation: Safety and Pharmacokinetic Assays, edited by H. G. Vogel, F. J. Hock, J. Maas, and D. Mayer. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Sociological Review.

Blog post
Hale, Tom. 2017. “This GIF Only Takes 6 Seconds To Show How Herd Immunity Works.” IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 (https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/this-gif-only-takes-6-seconds-to-show-how-herd-immunity-works/).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2015. Aviation Security: TSA’s Managed Inclusion Process Expands Passenger Expedited Screening, But TSA Has Not Tested Its Security Effectiveness. GAO-15-465T. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tasoff, Alexander J. 2017. “Quantifying the Genetic Capacity of California Grunion (Leuresthes Tenuis) to Adapt to Ocean Acidification.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, Ben. 2017. “How Johnson Might Balance Ambassadorship and the Jets.” New York Times, January 20, D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Triendl 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Després and Lemieux 2006; Triendl 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Després and Lemieux 2006)
  • Three authors: (Burtally, King, and Swift 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (Selmer et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Sociological Review
AbbreviationAm. Sociol. Rev.
ISSN (print)0003-1224
ScopeSociology and Political Science

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