How to format your references using the American Sociological Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Sociological Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brumfiel, Geoff. 2002. “Physics Guidelines Drop Equal-Responsibility Clause.” Nature 420(6913):258.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vermeij, Geerat J. and Peter D. Roopnarine. 2008. “Ecology. The Coming Arctic Invasion.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 321(5890):780–81.
A journal article with 3 authors
Farkas, I., D. Helbing, and T. Vicsek. 2002. “Mexican Waves in an Excitable Medium.” Nature 419(6903):131–32.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hill, Jonathan P., Wusong Jin, Atsuko Kosaka, Takanori Fukushima, Hideki Ichihara, Takeshi Shimomura, Kohzo Ito, Tomihiro Hashizume, Noriyuki Ishii, and Takuzo Aida. 2004. “Self-Assembled Hexa-Peri-Hexabenzocoronene Graphitic Nanotube.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 304(5676):1481–83.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Black, Rex. 2016. Pragmatic Software Testing. Indianapolis, Indiana: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Brun del Re, Renzo, ed. 2010. Minimally Invasive Breast Biopsies. Vol. 173. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Horzyk, Adrian. 2009. “Self-Optimizing Neural Network 3.” Pp. 83–101 in Constructive Neural Networks, Studies in Computational Intelligence, edited by L. Franco, D. A. Elizondo, and J. M. Jerez. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Sociological Review.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. 2015. “Seabirds Feast On Seafood Buffet Thanks To Jellyfish Blooms.” IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 (


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2009. Property Management: NASA’s Goal of Increasing Equipment Reutilization May Fall Short without Further Efforts. GAO-09-187. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tornes, Ivan Edward. 2006. “Topics in the Physics of Underdamped Josephson Systems.” Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Soble, Jonathan. 2017. “Airbag Crisis Sends Takata To Its Demise.” New York Times, June 26, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brumfiel 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Brumfiel 2002; Vermeij and Roopnarine 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vermeij and Roopnarine 2008)
  • Three authors: (Farkas, Helbing, and Vicsek 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (Hill et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Sociological Review
AbbreviationAm. Sociol. Rev.
ISSN (print)0003-1224
ScopeSociology and Political Science

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