How to format your references using the American Sociological Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Sociological Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Colwell, Rita R. 2009. “Graduate Education. Professional Science Master’s Programs Merit Wider Support.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 323(5922):1676–77.
A journal article with 2 authors
Martin, G. M., and J. Oshima. 2000. “Lessons from Human Progeroid Syndromes.” Nature 408(6809):263–66.
A journal article with 3 authors
Behrens, Timothy E. J., Laurence T. Hunt, and Matthew F. S. Rushworth. 2009. “The Computation of Social Behavior.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 324(5931):1160–64.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Refojo, Damian, Martin Schweizer, Claudia Kuehne, Stefanie Ehrenberg, Christoph Thoeringer, Annette M. Vogl, Nina Dedic, Marion Schumacher, Gregor von Wolff, Charilaos Avrabos, Chadi Touma, David Engblom, Günther Schütz, Klaus-Armin Nave, Matthias Eder, Carsten T. Wotjak, Inge Sillaber, Florian Holsboer, Wolfgang Wurst, and Jan M. Deussing. 2011. “Glutamatergic and Dopaminergic Neurons Mediate Anxiogenic and Anxiolytic Effects of CRHR1.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 333(6051):1903–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rombach, Günter. 2010. Spannbetonbau. D-69451 Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH.
An edited book
Despotovic, Zoran, Sam Joseph, and Claudio Sartori, eds. 2006. Agents and Peer-to-Peer Computing: 4th International Workshop, AP2PC 2005, Utrecht, The Netherlands, July 25, 2005. Revised Papers. Vol. 4118. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Takeno, Mitsuhiro, Haruko Ideguchi, Akiko Suda, Reikou Kamiyama, and Yoshiaki Ishigatsubo. 2015. “Vascular Involvement of Behçet’s Disease.” Pp. 79–100 in Behçet’s Disease: From Genetics to Therapies, edited by Y. Ishigatsubo. Tokyo: Springer Japan.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Sociological Review.

Blog post
Hamilton, Kristy. 2015. “Awesome Time-Lapse Of Hyenas Devouring A Buffalo Carcass.” IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 (


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2000. Telecommunications: Update on State-Level Cramming Complaints and Enforcement Actions. RCED-00-68. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Frederick, Kira. 2009. “Wool and Water.” Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, Kelly. 2001. “Free Tales From Mr. Kafka’s Crypt, (And Thousands of Records, Too).” New York Times, October 28, 148.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Colwell 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Colwell 2009; Martin and Oshima 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Martin and Oshima 2000)
  • Three authors: (Behrens, Hunt, and Rushworth 2009)
  • 4 or more authors: (Refojo et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Sociological Review
AbbreviationAm. Sociol. Rev.
ISSN (print)0003-1224
ScopeSociology and Political Science

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