How to format your references using the American Sociological Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Sociological Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Meyer, Ryan. 2012. “Finding the True Value of US Climate Science.” Nature 482(7384):133.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gurdon, J. B., and D. A. Melton. 2008. “Nuclear Reprogramming in Cells.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 322(5909):1811–15.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang, Yi Ge, Mark Pagani, and Zhonghui Liu. 2014. “Response to Comment on ‘A 12-Million-Year Temperature History of the Tropical Pacific Ocean.’” Science (New York, N.Y.) 346(6216):1467.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Doronina-Amitonova, L. V., I. V. Fedotov, O. I. Ivashkina, M. A. Zots, A. B. Fedotov, K. V. Anokhin, and A. M. Zheltikov. 2013. “Implantable Fiber-Optic Interface for Parallel Multisite Long-Term Optical Dynamic Brain Interrogation in Freely Moving Mice.” Scientific Reports 3:3265.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Santamarina, J. Carlos, and Dante Fratta. 2006. Discrete Signals and Inverse Problems. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Prasad, Ramjee, and Sudhir Dixit, eds. 2016. Wireless World in 2050 and Beyond: A Window into the Future! Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Rubin, Andrew, and Galina Riznichenko. 2014. “Model of Impact of a Weak Electric Field on Nonlinear System of Transmembrane Ion Transport Potential Electric Potential Transmembrane Ion Flux.” Pp. 55–66 in Mathematical Biophysics, Biological and Medical Physics, Biomedical Engineering, edited by G. Riznichenko. Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Sociological Review.

Blog post
Carpineti, Alfredo. 2016. “Can Geoengineering Save The Coral Reefs?” IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 (


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2000. Early Childhood Programs: Characteristics Affect the Availability of School Readiness Information. HEHS-00-38. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dalbey, Spencer B. 2017. “Celebrity Endorsements and Voting Intentions: The Role of Liking and Preference for Consistency.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lyman, Rick, and Mary Williams Walsh. 2013. “One City’s Return to Solvency Leaves Big Problem Unsolved.” New York Times, December 6, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Meyer 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Gurdon and Melton 2008; Meyer 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gurdon and Melton 2008)
  • Three authors: (Zhang, Pagani, and Liu 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Doronina-Amitonova et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Sociological Review
AbbreviationAm. Sociol. Rev.
ISSN (print)0003-1224
ScopeSociology and Political Science

Other styles