How to format your references using the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Gadagkar R. Evolution. Altruistic wasps? Science 2011;333:833–834.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Parvatiyar K, Harhaj EW. Cell signaling. Anchors away for ubiquitin chains. Science 2010;328:1244–1245.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Son Y-W, Cohen ML, Louie SG. Half-metallic graphene nanoribbons. Nature 2006;444:347–349.
A journal article with 30 or more authors
1.
Fennell T, Deen PP, Wildes AR, Schmalzl K, Prabhakaran D, Boothroyd AT, Aldus RJ, McMorrow DF, Bramwell ST. Magnetic Coulomb phase in the spin ice Ho2Ti2O7. Science 2009;326:415–417.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Van Der Pijl P, Solomon LK, Lokitz J. How To Design a Better Business. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
1.
Saeed K, Snášel V, editors. Computer Information Systems and Industrial Management: 13th IFIP TC8 International Conference, CISIM 2014, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, November 5-7, 2014. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Mishra BB, Gundra UM, Teale JM. Toll-Like Receptors in CNS Parasitic Infections. In: Kielian T, editor. Toll-like Receptors: Roles in Infection and Neuropathology Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. p. 83–104.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

Blog post
1.
Andrews R. Mount Etna Just Exploded Into Life. IFLScience 2017;at <https://www.iflscience.com/environment/mount-etna-exploded-life/>.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Space Shuttle: Changes to the Solid Rocket Motor Contract. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Fortenbery NR. Regulation of Natural Killer Cells: SHIP-1, 2B4, and Immunomodulation by Lenalidomide. 2012;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Wagner J. A Rich Baseball History, Now on Display. New York Times 2016;

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
AbbreviationAm. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med.
ISSN (print)1073-449X
ISSN (online)1535-4970
ScopeCritical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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