How to format your references using the American Antiquity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Antiquity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Erwin, Douglas H.
David M. Raup (1933-2015). Nature 524(7563):36.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nisbet, Matthew C., and Chris Mooney
Science and society. Framing Science. Science (New York, N.Y.) 316(5821):56.
A journal article with 3 authors
De Pontieu, Bart, Alan Title, and Mats Carlsson
Eyeing the Sun. Probing the solar interface region. Introduction. Science (New York, N.Y.) 346(6207):315.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Polli, Dario, Piero Altoè, Oliver Weingart, Katelyn M. Spillane, Cristian Manzoni, Daniele Brida, Gaia Tomasello, Giorgio Orlandi, Philipp Kukura, Richard A. Mathies, Marco Garavelli, and Giulio Cerullo
Conical intersection dynamics of the primary photoisomerization event in vision. Nature 467(7314):440–443.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anjum, Bushra, and Harry Perros
Bandwidth Allocation for Video Under Quality of Service Constraints. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Turner, Barry (editor)
The Statesman’s Yearbook 2008: The Politics, Cultures and Economies of the World. The Stateman’s Yearbook. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Brown, Abbie, and Tim Green
Issues and Trends in Instructional Technology: Despite Lean Times, Continued Interest and Opportunity in K-12, Business, and Higher Education. In Educational Media and Technology Yearbook: Volume 37, edited by Michael Orey, Stephanie A. Jones, and Robert Maribe Branch, pp. 55–71. Educational Media and Technology Yearbook. Springer, New York, NY.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Antiquity.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise
Why Does Hodor In Game Of Thrones Only Say One Word? Neuroscience Explains. IFLScience. IFLScience., accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office
Aircraft Certification: New FAA Approach Needed to Meet Challenges of Advanced Technology. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Okafor-Dike, Lillian C.
The effect of leadership on economic development: A case study of Nigeria. Unpublished Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, Susan
Faces of a Small Southern Town. New York Times, January 11, 2015.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Erwin 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Erwin 2015; Nisbet and Mooney 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nisbet and Mooney 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Polli et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Antiquity
AbbreviationAm. Antiq.
ISSN (print)0002-7316
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

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