How to format your references using the American Antiquity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Antiquity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Clayton, Robert N.
Planetary Science. The Earth and the Sun. Science (New York, N.Y.) 332(6037):1509–1510.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sugimoto, N., and N. Nagaosa
Spin-orbit echo. Science (New York, N.Y.) 336(6087):1413–1416.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dolan, James F., Shari A. Christofferson, and John H. Shaw
Recognition of paleoearthquakes on the Puente Hills blind thrust fault, California. Science (New York, N.Y.) 300(5616):115–118.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Romera, Miguel, Philippe Talatchian, Sumito Tsunegi, Flavio Abreu Araujo, Vincent Cros, Paolo Bortolotti, Juan Trastoy, Kay Yakushiji, Akio Fukushima, Hitoshi Kubota, Shinji Yuasa, Maxence Ernoult, Damir Vodenicarevic, Tifenn Hirtzlin, Nicolas Locatelli, Damien Querlioz, and Julie Grollier
Vowel recognition with four coupled spin-torque nano-oscillators. Nature 563(7730):230–234.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yan, Song Y.
Computational Number Theory and Modern Cryptography. John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd., Fusionopolis Walk, Singapore.
An edited book
Müller, Axel H. E., and Hans-Werner Schmidt (editors)
Complex Macromolecular Systems II. Vol. 228. Advances in Polymer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Li, Zhongqiang, Dan Yu, Wen Xiong, Qiang Wang, and Manghui Tu
Testing the higher-taxon approach: a case study of aquatic marcophytes in China’s northwest arid zone and its implications for conservation. In Marine, Freshwater, and Wetlands Biodiversity Conservation, edited by David L. Hawksworth and Alan T. Bull, pp. 33–48. Topics in Biodiversity and Conservation. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Antiquity.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, Jonathan
NASA And Russia Might Send An Orbiter, Lander, And Airship To Venus In 2026. IFLScience. IFLScience., accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office
Federal Research: Observations on the Small Business Innovation Research Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Watson, Alan M.
A novel role for MUC7 mucin glycoprotein in the innate immunity and genetic propensity of asthma. Unpublished Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, Kelly
Bakery That Sells and Gives. New York Times, December 14, 2008.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Clayton 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Clayton 2011; Sugimoto and Nagaosa 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sugimoto and Nagaosa 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Romera et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Antiquity
AbbreviationAm. Antiq.
ISSN (print)0002-7316
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

Other styles