How to format your references using the American Antiquity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Antiquity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wang, Sam
Journal club. A neuroscientist explores the energy efficiency of the brain. Nature 461(7266):851.
A journal article with 2 authors
Esler, W. P., and M. S. Wolfe
A portrait of Alzheimer secretases--new features and familiar faces. Science (New York, N.Y.) 293(5534):1449–1454.
A journal article with 3 authors
Haskell, John P., Mark E. Ritchie, and Han Olff
Fractal geometry predicts varying body size scaling relationships for mammal and bird home ranges. Nature 418(6897):527–530.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Richardson, Curtis J., Peter Reiss, Najah A. Hussain, Azzam J. Alwash, and Douglas J. Pool
The restoration potential of the Mesopotamian marshes of Iraq. Science (New York, N.Y.) 307(5713):1307–1311.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Heller, Dana
Hairspray. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Mumford, Christine L., and Lakhmi C. Jain (editors)
Computational Intelligence: Collaboration, Fusion and Emergence. Vol. 1. Intelligent Systems Reference Library. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Ghica, Dan R.
Diagrammatic Reasoning for Delay-Insensitive Asynchronous Circuits. In Computation, Logic, Games, and Quantum Foundations. The Many Facets of Samson Abramsky: Essays Dedicated to Samson Abramsky on the Occasion of His 60th Birthday, edited by Bob Coecke, Luke Ong, and Prakash Panangaden, pp. 52–68. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Antiquity.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, Jonathan
Boeing Is Working On A Hypersonic Space Plane That Can Be Ready To Launch In Hours. IFLScience. IFLScience. accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office
Claim of Raines High School for Advertisements Placed in the School Yearbook and Newspaper. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sevier, Jessica
A preventative and treatment substance use program for GLBT adolescents in Long Beach: A grant proposal. Unpublished Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, Kelly
To the City, From The Country. New York Times, July 20, 2008.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wang 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Esler and Wolfe 2001; Wang 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Esler and Wolfe 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Richardson et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Antiquity
AbbreviationAm. Antiq.
ISSN (print)0002-7316
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

Other styles