How to format your references using the American Antiquity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Antiquity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Trainor, Paul
Development. The bills of qucks and duails. Science (New York, N.Y.) 299(5606):523–524.
A journal article with 2 authors
Johansson, L. C., and U. M. Norberg
Asymmetric toes aid underwater swimming. Nature 407(6804):582–583.
A journal article with 3 authors
Brown, Rebekah R., Ana Deletic, and Tony H. F. Wong
Interdisciplinarity: How to catalyse collaboration. Nature 525(7569):315–317.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Beck, Martin, Vladan Lucić, Friedrich Förster, Wolfgang Baumeister, and Ohad Medalia
Snapshots of nuclear pore complexes in action captured by cryo-electron tomography. Nature 449(7162):611–615.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kadane, Joseph B., and David A. Schum
A Probabilistic Analysis of the Sacco and Vanzetti Evidence: Kadane/A Probabilistic. Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Neelameggham, Neale R., Shafiq Alam, Harald Oosterhof, Animesh Jha, David Dreisinger, and Shijie Wang (editors)
Rare Metal Technology 2015. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
D’Alessandro, Cristina, and Frannie Léautier
Spaces of Leadership: The Weight of Location and Leadership Density in Spaces. In Cities and Spaces of Leadership: A Geographical Perspective, edited by Frannie Léautier, pp. 77–104. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Antiquity.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise
New York State has Banned Fracking. IFLScience. IFLScience., accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office
Authority To Waive Claims by District of Columbia Against Employee or Former Employee. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Espinoza, Miriam
A Latina’s educational attainment and her observations of foster youth’s educational struggles: A narrative. Unpublished Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, Ben
The Listings; Film Series. New York Times, December 29, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Trainor 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Johansson and Norberg 2000; Trainor 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Johansson and Norberg 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Beck et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Antiquity
AbbreviationAm. Antiq.
ISSN (print)0002-7316
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

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