How to format your references using the American Antiquity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Antiquity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Foley, Jonathan A.
AtmospheRIC science. Tipping points in the tundra. Science (New York, N.Y.) 310(5748):627–628.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kind, Rainer, and Xiaohui Yuan
Geophysics. Seismic images of the biggest crash on Earth. Science (New York, N.Y.) 329(5998):1479–1480.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tuljapurkar, S., N. Li, and C. Boe
A universal pattern of mortality decline in the G7 countries. Nature 405(6788):789–792.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Solomon, P., P. Vanden Bout, C. Carilli, and M. Guelin
The essential signature of a massive starburst in a distant quasar. Nature 426(6967):636–638.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hirsch, Frederick, John Kemp, and Jani Ilkka
Mobile Web Services. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, December 4.
An edited book
Maringanti, Radhakrishna, Murlidhar Tiwari, and Anish Arora (editors)
Proceedings of Ninth International Conference on Wireless Communication and Sensor Networks: WCSN 2013. Vol. 299. Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. Springer India, New Delhi.
A chapter in an edited book
Järvinen, Janne, Tua Huomo, Tommi Mikkonen, and Pasi Tyrväinen
From Agile Software Development to Mercury Business. In Software Business. Towards Continuous Value Delivery: 5th International Conference, ICSOB 2014, Paphos, Cyprus, June 16-18, 2014. Proceedings, edited by Casper Lassenius and Kari Smolander, pp. 58–71. Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing. Springer International Publishing, Cham.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Antiquity.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise
<div class="csl-left-margin"> 2015</div><div class="csl-right-inline">Studying Tooth Enamel Nanostructure May Lead To Less Time With The Dentist’s Drill. <i>IFLScience</i>. IFLScience, February 13., accessed October 30, 2018.</div>


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office
<div class="csl-left-margin"> 2000</div><div class="csl-right-inline"><i>Intercity Passenger Rail: Amtrak Needs to Improve Its Accountability for Taxpayer Relief Act Funds</i>. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, February 29.</div>

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bade, Leonard L.
<div class="csl-left-margin"> 2010</div><div class="csl-right-inline">Extending the benefits of alcohol and drug treatment: An exploration of volunteer utilization and delivery of recovery services. Unpublished Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.</div>

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, George
<div class="csl-left-margin"> 2011</div><div class="csl-right-inline">Open Is Dominated By News of the Weird. <i>New York Times</i>, September 10.</div>

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Foley 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Foley 2005; Kind and Yuan 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kind and Yuan 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Solomon et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Antiquity
AbbreviationAm. Antiq.
ISSN (print)0002-7316
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

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