How to format your references using the American Antiquity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Antiquity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ramaswamy, S.
Biochemistry. One atom makes all the difference. Science (New York, N.Y.) 334(6058):914–915.
A journal article with 2 authors
Redmond, Stephanie A., and Jonah R. Chan
Neuroscience. Revitalizing remyelination--the answer is circulating. Science (New York, N.Y.) 336(6078):161–162.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lyko, F., B. H. Ramsahoye, and R. Jaenisch
DNA methylation in Drosophila melanogaster. Nature 408(6812):538–540.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Smith, Jared D., Christopher D. Cappa, Kevin R. Wilson, Benjamin M. Messer, Ronald C. Cohen, and Richard J. Saykally
Energetics of hydrogen bond network rearrangements in liquid water. Science (New York, N.Y.) 306(5697):851–853.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Meyer, Veronika R.
Pitfalls and Errors of HPLC in Pictures. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Schilders, Wilhelmus H. A., Henk A. van der Vorst, and Joost Rommes (editors)
Model Order Reduction: Theory, Research Aspects and Applications. Vol. 13. Mathematics in Industry, The European Consortium for Mathematics in Industry. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Lin, J., and W. Wu
FEM Implementation of Micropolar Hypoplastic Model. In Constitutive Modeling of Geomaterials: Advances and New Applications, edited by Qiang Yang, Jian-Min Zhang, Hong Zheng, and Yangping Yao, pp. 59–62. Springer Series in Geomechanics and Geoengineering. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Antiquity.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise
Planck Reveals Most Detailed Map Yet Of The Milky Way’s Magnetic Field. IFLScience. IFLScience., accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office
Examination of Disbursing Officer’s Account, U.S. Army Aviation Center and School, Ft. Rucker, Alabama. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sprague, Tara
Cultural perspectives among children of Guatemalan Maya immigrants in Lake Worth, Florida. Unpublished Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker, Linda
Retirement Homes Go High-Rise and Urban. New York Times, April 1, 2007.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ramaswamy 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Ramaswamy 2011; Redmond and Chan 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Redmond and Chan 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Smith et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Antiquity
AbbreviationAm. Antiq.
ISSN (print)0002-7316
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

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