How to format your references using the Algal Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Algal Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A. Burkov, PHYSICS. Chiral anomaly without relativity, Science. 350 (2015) 378–379.
A journal article with 2 authors
U. Lohmann, G. Lesins, Stronger constraints on the anthropogenic indirect aerosol effect, Science. 298 (2002) 1012–1015.
A journal article with 3 authors
R.P. Rohr, S. Saavedra, J. Bascompte, Ecological networks. On the structural stability of mutualistic systems, Science. 345 (2014) 1253497.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
R.D. Dahn, M.C. Davis, W.N. Pappano, N.H. Shubin, Sonic hedgehog function in chondrichthyan fins and the evolution of appendage patterning, Nature. 445 (2007) 311–314.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
S.E. Lyshevski, Engineering and Scientific Computations Using MATLAB®, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2005.
An edited book
Y. Wang, X. Zhang, eds., Internet of Things: International Workshop, IOT 2012, Changsha, China, August 17-19, 2012. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
S. Hosoda, M. Nonaka, T. Tomita, B. Taguchi, H. Tomita, N. Iwasaka, Impact of downward heat penetration below the shallow seasonal thermocline on the sea surface temperature, in: H. Nakamura, A. Isobe, S. Minobe, H. Mitsudera, M. Nonaka, T. Suga (Eds.), “Hot Spots” in the Climate System: New Developments in the Extratropical Ocean-Atmosphere Interaction Research, Springer Japan, Tokyo, 2016: pp. 73–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Algal Research.

Blog post
J. Davis, One Of Africa’s Last Remaining “Giant Tusker” Elephants Has Been Killed By Poachers, IFLScience. (2017). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Commercial Spectrum: Plans and Actions to Meet Future Needs, Including Continued Use of Auctions, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M.D. Evans, A Correlational Analysis of Teacher Observation Scores and Student Achievement, Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Megalogenis, Powering Australia’s economic surge, New York Times. (2016) A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAlgal Research
AbbreviationAlgal Res.
ISSN (print)2211-9264
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science

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