How to format your references using the Alexandria Engineering Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Alexandria Engineering Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. Eisenstein, Vaccines: a moving target, Nature. 474 (2011) S16-7.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. Sawa, S.H. Snyder, Genetics. Two genes link two distinct psychoses, Science. 310 (2005) 1128–1129.
A journal article with 3 authors
V.M. Korkhov, S.A. Mireku, K.P. Locher, Structure of AMP-PNP-bound vitamin B12 transporter BtuCD-F, Nature. 490 (2012) 367–372.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. Isberg, J. Hammersberg, E. Johansson, T. Wikström, D.J. Twitchen, A.J. Whitehead, S.E. Coe, G.A. Scarsbrook, High carrier mobility in single-crystal plasma-deposited diamond, Science. 297 (2002) 1670–1672.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
C. Duchon, R. Hale, Time Series Analysis in Meteorology and Climatology, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2012.
An edited book
J. Bennedsen, M.E. Caspersen, M. Kölling, eds., Reflections on the Teaching of Programming: Methods and Implementations, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
F. Pecci, N. Pontarollo, The Application of Spatial Filtering Technique to the Economic Convergence of the European Regions between 1995 and 2007, in: D. Taniar, O. Gervasi, B. Murgante, E. Pardede, B.O. Apduhan (Eds.), Computational Science and Its Applications – ICCSA 2010: International Conference, Fukuoka, Japan, March 23-26, 2010, Proceedings, Part I, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010: pp. 46–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Alexandria Engineering Journal.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Have Children? Here’s How Kids Ruin Your Romantic Relationship, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Early Childhood Programs: The Use of Impact Evaluations to Assess Program Effects, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. Grandon, The Distribution of Apiaceae in Lafayette and St. Martin Parishes, Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Protess, L. Thomas Jr, Deutsche Bank to Settle U.S. Inquiry Into Mortgages for $7.2 Billion, New York Times. (2016) B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAlexandria Engineering Journal
AbbreviationAlex. Eng. J.
ISSN (print)1110-0168
ScopeGeneral Engineering

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