How to format your references using the Agroforestry Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Agroforestry Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bowie JU (2005) Solving the membrane protein folding problem. Nature 438:581–589
A journal article with 2 authors
Lu T, Wheeler SE (2015) Organic chemistry. Harnessing weak interactions for enantioselective catalysis. Science 347:719–720
A journal article with 3 authors
Villeneuve J, Chaussidon M, Libourel G (2009) Homogeneous distribution of 26Al in the solar system from the Mg isotopic composition of chondrules. Science 325:985–988
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Tsukazaki T, Mori H, Echizen Y, et al (2011) Structure and function of a membrane component SecDF that enhances protein export. Nature 474:235–238

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jarry P, Beneat JN (2016) Microwave Amplifier and Active Circuit Design Using the Real Frequency Technique. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Harris J (2008) Combinatorics and Graph Theory. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Juarrero A (2009) Top-Down Causation and Autonomy in Complex Systems. In: Murphy N, Ellis GFR, O’Connor T (eds) Downward Causation and the Neurobiology of Free Will. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 83–102

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Agroforestry Systems.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Rhesus Monkeys Can Learn To Recognize Themselves In Mirrors. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2001) NASA: International Space Station and Shuttle Support Cost Limits. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Driskill KM (2010) A qualitative study of teacher understanding and use of differentiated instruction to promote reading achievement. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Haikalis G (2015) Don’t Rehab La Guardia Airport. Close It. New York Times A25

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bowie 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Bowie 2005; Lu and Wheeler 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lu and Wheeler 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Tsukazaki et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleAgroforestry Systems
AbbreviationAgrofor. Syst.
ISSN (print)0167-4366
ISSN (online)1572-9680
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science

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