How to format your references using the Agroforestry Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Agroforestry Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cornet FH (2015) SEISMOLOGY. Earthquakes induced by fluid injections. Science 348:1204–1205
A journal article with 2 authors
Herzog MH, Fahle M (2002) Effects of grouping in contextual modulation. Nature 415:433–436
A journal article with 3 authors
Lambers JHR, Clark JS, Beckage B (2002) Density-dependent mortality and the latitudinal gradient in species diversity. Nature 417:732–735
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Chen J, Liang Z, Wang W, et al (2014) Revealing origin of decrease in potency of darunavir and amprenavir against HIV-2 relative to HIV-1 protease by molecular dynamics simulations. Sci Rep 4:6872

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Beach GJ (2013) The U.S. Technology Skills Gap. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Colace F, De Santo M, Moscato V, et al (eds) (2015) Data Management in Pervasive Systems, 1st ed. 2015. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Delacourt C, Safari M (2016) Mathematical Modeling of Aging of Li-Ion Batteries. In: Franco AA, Doublet ML, Bessler WG (eds) Physical Multiscale Modeling and Numerical Simulation of Electrochemical Devices for Energy Conversion and Storage: From Theory to Engineering to Practice. Springer, London, pp 151–190

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Agroforestry Systems.

Blog post
Luntz S (2014) Smoking Can Erase Y Chromosome From Cells. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997) Surface Transportation: Regional Distribution of Federal Highway Funds. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Beal ME (2013) Predictive qualities of social characteristics and social integration on altruistic outcomes. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly K (2017) Trump Has Stocks Up. Some Funds Are Leery. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cornet 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Herzog and Fahle 2002; Cornet 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Herzog and Fahle 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Chen et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAgroforestry Systems
AbbreviationAgrofor. Syst.
ISSN (print)0167-4366
ISSN (online)1572-9680
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science

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