How to format your references using the Agroforestry Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Agroforestry Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
May R (2007) Tony Blair’s era: good news, bad news. Nature 447:1053
A journal article with 2 authors
Deschenes LA, Vanden Bout DA (2001) Single-molecule studies of heterogeneous dynamics in polymer melts near the glass transition. Science 292:255–258
A journal article with 3 authors
Ferguson NM, Donnelly CA, Anderson RM (2001) The foot-and-mouth epidemic in Great Britain: pattern of spread and impact of interventions. Science 292:1155–1160
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Trotzky S, Cheinet P, Fölling S, et al (2008) Time-resolved observation and control of superexchange interactions with ultracold atoms in optical lattices. Science 319:295–299

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Engle CR, Quagrainie KK, Dey MM (2016) Seafood and Aquaculture Marketing Handbook. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Gallud JA, Tesoriero R, Penichet VMR (eds) (2011) Distributed User Interfaces: Designing Interfaces for the Distributed Ecosystem. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
Morgado A, del Río R, de la Rosa JM (2012) A 1.2-V 90-nm CMOS Reconfigurable 2-2 Cascade SC ΣΔM for GSM/BT/GPS/UMTS/DVB-H/WiMAX. In: del Río R, Rosa JM de la (eds) Nanometer CMOS Sigma-Delta Modulators for Software Defined Radio. Springer, New York, NY, pp 151–199

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Agroforestry Systems.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2016) Chaotic Orbit Of Halley’s Comet Explained. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1980) Overview of the Adult Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program and Its Operation in California. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Keep AW (2013) A nanopass framework for commercial compiler development. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S (2006) <hl2 class=. New York Times AR1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (May 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Deschenes and Vanden Bout 2001; May 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Deschenes and Vanden Bout 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Trotzky et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleAgroforestry Systems
AbbreviationAgrofor. Syst.
ISSN (print)0167-4366
ISSN (online)1572-9680
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science

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