How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Knowledge Discovery from Data citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Knowledge Discovery from Data (TKDD). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dominic Schmidt. 2013. Science & SciLifeLab Prize. Evolution of vertebrate transcriptional regulator binding. Science 342, 6163 (December 2013), 1186.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yongfeng Shang and Myles Brown. 2002. Molecular determinants for the tissue specificity of SERMs. Science 295, 5564 (March 2002), 2465–2468.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jean-Pierre Valet, Laure Meynadier, and Yohan Guyodo. 2005. Geomagnetic dipole strength and reversal rate over the past two million years. Nature 435, 7043 (June 2005), 802–805.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Nicole K. Clay, Adewale M. Adio, Carine Denoux, Georg Jander, and Frederick M. Ausubel. 2009. Glucosinolate metabolites required for an Arabidopsis innate immune response. Science 323, 5910 (January 2009), 95–101.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gert H. N. Laursen and Jesper Thorlund. 2016. Business Analytics for Managers. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Nima Rezaei, Asghar Aghamohammadi, and Luigi D. Notarangelo (Eds.). 2008. Primary Immunodeficiency Diseases: Definition, Diagnosis, and Management. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Hildebert Wagner, Rudolf Bauer, Dieter Melchart, Pei-Gen Xiao, and Anton Staudinger. 2011. Fructus Schisandrae — Wuweizi. In Chromatographic Fingerprint Analysis of Herbal Medicines: Thin-layer and High Performance Liquid Chromatography of Chinese Drugs, Hildebert Wagner, Rudolf Bauer, Dieter Melchart, Pei-Gen Xiao and Anton Staudinger (eds.). Springer, Vienna, 37–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Knowledge Discovery from Data.

Blog post
Elise Andrew. 2015. Five Cent Origami Batteries Powered By Dirty Water. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2010. Nanotechnology: Nanomaterials Are Widely Used in Commerce, but EPA Faces Challenges in Regulating Risk. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alan L. Hensley. 2009. Gender, personality, and coping: Unraveling gender in military post -deployment physical and mental wellness. Doctoral dissertation. Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mary F. Calvert. 2013. A Hush Falls Where Rockets Once Roared. New York Times, BU8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2,4].
This sentence cites four references [3,5,7,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Knowledge Discovery from Data
AbbreviationACM Trans. Knowl. Discov. Data
ISSN (print)1556-4681
ISSN (online)1556-472X

Other styles