How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Knowledge Discovery from Data citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Knowledge Discovery from Data (TKDD). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Quirin Schiermeier. 2004. Renaissance in Spain. Nature 428, 6981 (March 2004), 448–449.
A journal article with 2 authors
S. W. Koch and A. Knorr. 2001. Applied physics. Optics in the nano-world. Science 293, 5538 (September 2001), 2217–2218.
A journal article with 3 authors
Upinder S. Bhalla, Prahlad T. Ram, and Ravi Iyengar. 2002. MAP kinase phosphatase as a locus of flexibility in a mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling network. Science 297, 5583 (August 2002), 1018–1023.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
A. Karlsson, R. Karlsson, M. Karlsson, A. S. Cans, A. Strömberg, F. Ryttsén, and O. Orwar. 2001. Networks of nanotubes and containers. Nature 409, 6817 (January 2001), 150–152.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Philip Palaveev. 2012. The Ensemble Practice. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Sitangshu Bhattacharya. 2012. Fowler-Nordheim Field Emission: Effects in Semiconductor Nanostructures. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Hugo Fastl and Eberhard Zwicker. 2007. Masking. In Psychoacoustics: Facts and Models, Eberhard Zwicker (ed.). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 61–110.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Knowledge Discovery from Data.

Blog post
Kristy Hamilton. 2014. This Video Plays Tricks on Your Vision. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1983. Follow-up Review of the IR Maverick Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kevin Matthew Stoltzfus. 2010. The relationship between teachers’ training transfer and their perceptions of principal leadership style. University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
James Wagner. 2016. Dodgers’ Rookie Manager Learns, and Acts, Quickly. New York Times, D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [3,4].
This sentence cites four references [4,6–8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Knowledge Discovery from Data
AbbreviationACM Trans. Knowl. Discov. Data
ISSN (print)1556-4681
ISSN (online)1556-472X

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