How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Knowledge Discovery from Data citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Knowledge Discovery from Data (TKDD). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. S. Goldin. 2000. Contributions to the u.s. Space program. Science 288, 5474 (June 2000), 2131c.
A journal article with 2 authors
Masamitsu Sato and Takashi Toda. 2007. Alp7/TACC is a crucial target in Ran-GTPase-dependent spindle formation in fission yeast. Nature 447, 7142 (May 2007), 334–337.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fabricio H. Do-Monte, Kelvin Quiñones-Laracuente, and Gregory J. Quirk. 2015. A temporal shift in the circuits mediating retrieval of fear memory. Nature 519, 7544 (March 2015), 460–463.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
P. G. Beck, T. R. Bedding, B. Mosser, D. Stello, R. A. Garcia, T. Kallinger, S. Hekker, Y. Elsworth, S. Frandsen, F. Carrier, J. De Ridder, C. Aerts, T. R. White, D. Huber, M-A Dupret, J. Montalbán, A. Miglio, A. Noels, W. J. Chaplin, H. Kjeldsen, J. Christensen-Dalsgaard, R. L. Gilliland, T. M. Brown, S. D. Kawaler, S. Mathur, and J. M. Jenkins. 2011. Kepler detected gravity-mode period spacings in a red giant star. Science 332, 6026 (April 2011), 205.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brett Wills. 2016. Purposely Profitable. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Giampietro Gasparini and Daniel F. Hayes (Eds.). 2006. Biomarkers in Breast Cancer: Molecular Diagnostics for Predicting and Monitoring Therapeutic Effect. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ.
A chapter in an edited book
Mukut Sharma and John E. Moulder. 2013. The Urine Proteome as a Radiation Biodosimeter. In Radiation Proteomics: The effects of ionizing and non-ionizing radiation on cells and tissues, Dariusz Leszczynski (ed.). Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 87–100.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Knowledge Discovery from Data.

Blog post
Tom Hale. 2017. Scientists Launch Search For The Supposedly Extinct Tasmanian Tiger. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1980. The Office of Science and Technology Policy: Adaptation to a President’s Operating Style May Conflict With Congressionally Mandated Assignments. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mitchell Ward Coffman. 2015. A National Study of the Relationship between Home Access to a Computer and Academic Performance Scores of Grade 12 U.S. Science Students: An Analysis of the 2009 NAEP Data. Doctoral dissertation. University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Michael Paulson. 2017. The Musical That Toppled a Confederate Statue. New York Times, C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2,4].
This sentence cites four references [5–8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Knowledge Discovery from Data
AbbreviationACM Trans. Knowl. Discov. Data
ISSN (print)1556-4681
ISSN (online)1556-472X

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