How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Knowledge Discovery from Data citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Knowledge Discovery from Data (TKDD). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Orla Smith. 2003. Biomedicine. Nota bene: weathering the big chill. Science 299, 5606 (January 2003), 530.
A journal article with 2 authors
Casey W. Wright and Colin S. Duckett. 2009. The aryl hydrocarbon nuclear translocator alters CD30-mediated NF-kappaB-dependent transcription. Science 323, 5911 (January 2009), 251–255.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jonathan C. McKinney, Alexander Tchekhovskoy, and Roger D. Blandford. 2013. Alignment of magnetized accretion disks and relativistic jets with spinning black holes. Science 339, 6115 (January 2013), 49–52.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. Delahaye, J. Hassel, R. Lindell, M. Sillanpää, M. Paalanen, H. Seppä, and P. Hakonen. 2003. Low-noise current amplifier based on mesoscopic Josephson junction. Science 299, 5609 (February 2003), 1045–1048.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
James Hannam. 2017. What Everyone Needs to Know about Tax. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Simon Bott, Uday Patel, Bob Djavan, and Peter R. Caroll (Eds.). 2012. Images in Urology: Diagnosis and Management. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Anuradha Budhu and Xin Wei Wang. 2016. Molecular Profiling of Human Hepatocellular Carcinoma. In Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Diagnosis and Treatment, Brian I. Carr (ed.). Springer International Publishing, Cham, 93–112.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Knowledge Discovery from Data.

Blog post
Jonathan O`Callaghan. 2015. No, That Incredible Atlas V Launch Was Not A UFO. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2016. Commercial Space Launch Insurance: Views Differ on Need for Change to Insurance Approach but Clarification Is Needed. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bill A. Olson. 2012. Problem Management: A System Engineering Management Framework. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Serge F. Kovaleski and Alexandra Alter. 2015. Another Drama in Hometown of Harper Lee. New York Times, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2,4].
This sentence cites four references [5–8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Knowledge Discovery from Data
AbbreviationACM Trans. Knowl. Discov. Data
ISSN (print)1556-4681
ISSN (online)1556-472X

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