How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Knowledge Discovery from Data citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Knowledge Discovery from Data (TKDD). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Roger N. Clark. 2009. Detection of adsorbed water and hydroxyl on the Moon. Science 326, 5952 (October 2009), 562–564.
A journal article with 2 authors
Konstantin E. Dorfman and Shaul Mukamel. 2014. Indistinguishability and correlations of photons generated by quantum emitters undergoing spectral diffusion. Sci. Rep. 4, (February 2014), 3996.
A journal article with 3 authors
Giuseppe Lia, Bénédicte Michel, and Jean-François Allemand. 2012. Polymerase exchange during Okazaki fragment synthesis observed in living cells. Science 335, 6066 (January 2012), 328–331.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Fernando Gonzalez, Agnes Delahodde, Thomas Kodadek, and Stephen Albert Johnston. 2002. Recruitment of a 19S proteasome subcomplex to an activated promoter. Science 296, 5567 (April 2002), 548–550.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
David A. Chin. 2006. Water-Quality Engineering in Natural Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Kazuhiko Nakatani and Yitzhak Tor (Eds.). 2016. Modified Nucleic Acids. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Andrew Whiten. 2016. The Evolution of Hominin Culture and Its Ancient Pre-hominin Foundations. In The Nature of Culture: Based on an Interdisciplinary Symposium ‘The Nature of Culture’, Tübingen, Germany, Miriam N. Haidle, Nicholas J. Conard and Michael Bolus (eds.). Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 27–39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Knowledge Discovery from Data.

Blog post
Elise Andrew. 2015. The Oceans Are Becoming Too Hot For Coral, And Sooner Than We Expected. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2013. Biomedical Research: NIH Should Assess the Impact of Growth in Indirect Costs on Its Mission. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stephanie Tamara Mihalas. 2008. Positive protective factors as moderators in the relationship between relational victimization and depression in minority adolescents. Doctoral dissertation. University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Michael Corkery. 2017. Betty Dukes, Who Sued Walmart On Behalf of Workers, Is Dead at 67. New York Times, B15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2,4].
This sentence cites four references [2,4,7,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Knowledge Discovery from Data
AbbreviationACM Trans. Knowl. Discov. Data
ISSN (print)1556-4681
ISSN (online)1556-472X

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