How to format your references using the Colloids and Interfaces citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Colloids and Interfaces. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Champion, P.M. Chemistry. Following the flow of energy in biomolecules. Science 2005, 310, 980–982.
A journal article with 2 authors
Moore, E.B.; Molinero, V. Structural transformation in supercooled water controls the crystallization rate of ice. Nature 2011, 479, 506–508.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lukens, J.M.; Leaird, D.E.; Weiner, A.M. A temporal cloak at telecommunication data rate. Nature 2013, 498, 205–208.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mekel-Bobrov, N.; Gilbert, S.L.; Evans, P.D.; Vallender, E.J.; Anderson, J.R.; Hudson, R.R.; Tishkoff, S.A.; Lahn, B.T. Ongoing adaptive evolution of ASPM, a brain size determinant in Homo sapiens. Science 2005, 309, 1720–1722.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shook, J.R. The God Debates; Wiley-Blackwell: Oxford, UK, 2010; ISBN 9781444328042.
An edited book
The Plant Family Brassicaceae: Contribution Towards Phytoremediation; Anjum, N.A., Ahmad, I., Pereira, M.E., Duarte, A.C., Umar, S., Khan, N.A., Eds.; Environmental Pollution; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2012; Vol. 21; ISBN 9789400739123.
A chapter in an edited book
Baer, S.; Ensslin, K. Physics at the Edge. In Transport Spectroscopy of Confined Fractional Quantum Hall Systems; Ensslin, K., Ed.; Springer Series in Solid-State Sciences; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; pp. 47–61 ISBN 9783319210506.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Colloids and Interfaces.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Google Teams Up With Levi’s To Create Wearable Electronics Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Competition in the Airline Computerized Reservation System Industry; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1988;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Robinson, A.C. A Geophysical and Geological Characterization of the Bonanza 3D Survey, Claiborne Group, Saint Landry and Evangeline Parishes, Louisiana. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana: Lafayette, LA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schmitt, E.; Gordon, M.R.; Sengupta, S. U.S. Ties Russia to Strike on U.N. Convoy in Syria. New York Times 2016, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleColloids and Interfaces
ISSN (online)9999-9999

Other styles