How to format your references using the Colloids and Interfaces citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Colloids and Interfaces. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bornens, M. The Centrosome in Cells and Organisms. Science 2012, 335, 422–426.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sanderson, W.C.; Scherbov, S. Average Remaining Lifetimes Can Increase as Human Populations Age. Nature 2005, 435, 811–813.
A journal article with 3 authors
Burrone, J.; O’Byrne, M.; Murthy, V.N. Multiple Forms of Synaptic Plasticity Triggered by Selective Suppression of Activity in Individual Neurons. Nature 2002, 420, 414–418.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Klie, R.F.; Buban, J.P.; Varela, M.; Franceschetti, A.; Jooss, C.; Zhu, Y.; Browning, N.D.; Pantelides, S.T.; Pennycook, S.J. Enhanced Current Transport at Grain Boundaries in High-T(c) Superconductors. Nature 2005, 435, 475–478.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hunt, P.J.; Kennedy, J.E. Financial Derivatives in Theory and Practice: Hunt/Financial Derivatives; Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2005; ISBN 9780470863619.
An edited book
Recent Advances in QSAR Studies: Methods and Applications; Puzyn, T., Leszczynski, J., Cronin, M.T., Eds.; Challenges and Advances in Computational Chemistry and Physics; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2010; Vol. 8; ISBN 9781402097829.
A chapter in an edited book
Vilanova, J.C.; Roca, M.; Baleato, S. Bone Marrow. In Learning Musculoskeletal Imaging; Vilanova, J.C., Ed.; Learning Imaging; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010; pp. 67–88 ISBN 9783540879992.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Colloids and Interfaces.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Meet The Owl With Eyes Like The Night Sky Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Guarantee Agency Funding, Operations, and Reserves Under the Guaranteed Student Loan Program; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1985;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sammons, J.L. Perceived Benefits of and Barriers to Physical Exercise in People with Severe Mental Illness. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, R. “Have One Hard Cry. Then Stanch the Grief.” New York Times 1994, 79.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleColloids and Interfaces
ISSN (online)9999-9999

Other styles