How to format your references using the Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. (2005). Take your partner by the hand. Nature, 435(7046), 1281.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hayes, R., & Weiss, H. (2006). Epidemiology. Understanding HIV epidemic trends in Africa. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5761), 620–621.
A journal article with 3 authors
Haince, J.-F., Rouleau, M., & Poirier, G. G. (2006). Transcription. Gene expression needs a break to unwind before carrying on. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5781), 1752–1753.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ankrum, J. A., Dastidar, R. G., Ong, J. F., Levy, O., & Karp, J. M. (2014). Performance-enhanced mesenchymal stem cells via intracellular delivery of steroids. Scientific Reports, 4, 4645.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pepper, G., & Oliver, M. J. (2006). The Liquidity Theory of Asset Prices. John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Zheng, K., Li, M., & Jiang, H. (Eds.). (2013). Mobile and Ubiquitous Systems: Computing, Networking, and Services: 9th International Conference, MobiQuitous 2012, Beijing, China, December 12-14, 2012. Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 120). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Wear, D. N., Joyce, L. A., Butler, B. J., Gaither, C. J., Nowak, D. J., & Stewart, S. I. (2014). Climate Change and Forest Values. In D. L. Peterson, J. M. Vose, & T. Patel-Weynand (Eds.), Climate Change and United States Forests (pp. 93–112). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2017, January 30). Are You Getting Enough Vitamin B1 To Help Fend Off Alzheimer’s? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1987). Representational Funds: State Department Expenditures at Selected Posts (NSIAD-87-73FS). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gandarilla, A. H. (2009). Family preservation: A content analysis of literature [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Branch, J. (2017, October 9). Thinking About the Future in a Place Where Lives Ended. New York Times, A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Hayes & Weiss, 2006; Smaglik, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hayes & Weiss, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Haince et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Ankrum et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance
AbbreviationJ. Exp. Psychol. Hum. Percept. Perform.
ISSN (print)0096-1523
ISSN (online)1939-1277
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Behavioral Neuroscience
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

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