How to format your references using the Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stein, L. Y. (2015). Microbiology: Cyanate fuels the nitrogen cycle. Nature, 524(7563), 43–44.
A journal article with 2 authors
Walker, B. D., & Burton, D. R. (2008). Toward an AIDS vaccine. Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5877), 760–764.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yuasa, S., Nagahama, T., & Suzuki, Y. (2002). Spin-polarized resonant tunneling in magnetic tunnel junctions. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5579), 234–237.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hirama, M., Oishi, T., Uehara, H., Inoue, M., Maruyama, M., Oguri, H., & Satake, M. (2001). Total synthesis of ciguatoxin CTX3C. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5548), 1904–1907.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cayuela Valencia, R. (2013). The Future of the Chemical Industry by 2050. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Schauland, D. (2016). Troubleshooting Windows Server with PowerShell (D. Jacobs, Ed.). Apress.
A chapter in an edited book
Frauendorfer, K., Kuhn, D., & Schürle, M. (2011). Barycentric Bounds in Stochastic Programming: Theory and Application. In G. Infanger (Ed.), Stochastic Programming: The State of the Art In Honor of George B. Dantzig (pp. 67–96). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, October 9). Rising Temperatures Lead To A Higher Proportion Of Girls Being Born Than Boys. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1994). Air Quality Planning Processes at Selected Airports (RCED-94-197R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kamis, R. P. (2013). The Relationship between Expanded Concepts of Self and Well-Being [Doctoral dissertation]. Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pipher, M. (2013, April 18). Lighting a Spark On the High Plains. New York Times, A27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stein, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Stein, 2015; Walker & Burton, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Walker & Burton, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Yuasa et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Hirama et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance
AbbreviationJ. Exp. Psychol. Hum. Percept. Perform.
ISSN (print)0096-1523
ISSN (online)1939-1277
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Behavioral Neuroscience
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

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