How to format your references using the Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wu, S. (2013). State tomography via weak measurements. Scientific Reports, 3, 1193.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mashburn, L. M., & Whiteley, M. (2005). Membrane vesicles traffic signals and facilitate group activities in a prokaryote. Nature, 437(7057), 422–425.
A journal article with 3 authors
McGaha, T. L., Sorrentino, B., & Ravetch, J. V. (2005). Restoration of tolerance in lupus by targeted inhibitory receptor expression. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5709), 590–593.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Pessiglione, M., Seymour, B., Flandin, G., Dolan, R. J., & Frith, C. D. (2006). Dopamine-dependent prediction errors underpin reward-seeking behaviour in humans. Nature, 442(7106), 1042–1045.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hanzo, L., Maunder, R. G., Wang, J., & Yang, L.-L. (2010). Near-Capacity Variable-Length Coding. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Zhang, C. (2009). Advances in Water Resources and Hydraulic Engineering: Proceedings of 16th IAHR-APD Congress and 3rd Symposium of IAHR-ISHS (H. Tang, Ed.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Vittal, V., & Ma, F. (2013). A Hybrid Dynamic Equivalent Using ANN-Based Boundary Matching Technique. In J. H. Chow (Ed.), Power System Coherency and Model Reduction (pp. 91–118). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016, September 21). Curious System Could Be The First-Ever Binary Exoplanets. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). NASA: Choices and Challenges (146026). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Darko-Mensah, K. (2019). Application of Data Envelopment Analysis to Measure the Online Outsourcing Efficiency of Sub-Saharan African Countries [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, M., & Pogrebin, R. (2017, September 12). Foam, Armor and Nights at the Museum: Protecting Florida’s Art From Irma. New York Times, A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wu, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Mashburn & Whiteley, 2005; Wu, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mashburn & Whiteley, 2005)
  • Three authors: (McGaha et al., 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Pessiglione et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance
AbbreviationJ. Exp. Psychol. Hum. Percept. Perform.
ISSN (print)0096-1523
ISSN (online)1939-1277
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Behavioral Neuroscience
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

Other styles