How to format your references using the Advances in Nutrition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Nutrition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wood JL. Organic chemistry: Collaborative synthesis. Nature 2014;509:293–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Knight JC, Russell PSJ. Applied optics. New ways to guide light. Science 2002;296:276–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Russo R, Herrmann HJ, de Arcangelis L. Brain modularity controls the critical behavior of spontaneous activity. Sci Rep 2014;4:4312.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Yu EW, McDermott G, Zgurskaya HI, Nikaido H, Koshland DE Jr. Structural basis of multiple drug-binding capacity of the AcrB multidrug efflux pump. Science 2003;300:976–80.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Malcolm D. The British and Irish Short Story Handbook. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
Dilek Y, Furnes H, Muehlenbachs K, editors. Links Between Geological Processes, Microbial Activities&Evolution of Life: Microbes and Geology. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2008. XVI, 348 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Enache A-C, Sgârciu V. An Improved Bat Algorithm Driven by Support Vector Machines for Intrusion Detection. In: Herrero Á, Baruque B, Sedano J, Quintián H, Corchado E, editors. International Joint Conference: CISIS’15 and ICEUTE’15. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 41–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Nutrition.

Blog post
Andrew E. Watch A Tiny Robot Perform Surgery On A Grape [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Computers in Government: We Couldn’t Do Without Them. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1980 Jun. Report No.: 112745.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cervantes I. Flexural retrofitting of reinforced concrete structures using Green Natural Fiber Reinforced Polymer plates [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yablonsky L. Madonna Redesigned. New York Times. 2011;ST3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Nutrition
AbbreviationAdv. Nutr.
ISSN (print)2161-8313
ISSN (online)2156-5376
ScopeFood Science
Medicine (miscellaneous)
Nutrition and Dietetics

Other styles