How to format your references using the Advances in Nutrition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Nutrition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schiermeier Q. Network boost for southeast Europe. Nature. 2001;410:619.
A journal article with 2 authors
Krupovic M, Bamford DH. Virology. Revealing virus-host interplay. Science. 2011;333:45–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xu B, Wang Q, Tian Y. Bulk modulus for polar covalent crystals. Sci Rep. 2013;3:3068.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Gübeli RJ, Schöneweis K, Huzly D, Ehrbar M, Charpin-El Hamri G, El-Baba MD, Urban S, Weber W. Pharmacologically triggered hydrogel for scheduling hepatitis B vaccine administration. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2610.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Khan MM, Islam MR. Zero Waste Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
Lepri S, editor. Thermal Transport in Low Dimensions: From Statistical Physics to Nanoscale Heat Transfer. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. XI, 411 p. 117 illus., 90 illus. in color p.
A chapter in an edited book
Pincelli C, Marconi A. Keratinocyte Stem Cells: Biology and Clinical Applications. In: Baharvand H, Aghdami N, editors. Regenerative Medicine and Cell Therapy. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2013. p. 57–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Nutrition.

Blog post
Andrew E. Little Farmer, Big Pharma: The Quest To Modify Plants To ‘Grow’ Medicines [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Patent and Trademark Office: Key Processes for Managing Automated Patent System Development Are Weak. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993 Sep. Report No.: AIMD-93-15.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Satterlee RT. A case study of undergraduate student employment at a private university: Exploring the effects of social class and institutional context [Doctoral dissertation]. [College Park, MD]: University of Maryland, College Park; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Robinson L. Long Divisions. New York Times. 2012;BR11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Nutrition
AbbreviationAdv. Nutr.
ISSN (print)2161-8313
ISSN (online)2156-5376
ScopeFood Science
Medicine (miscellaneous)
Nutrition and Dietetics

Other styles