How to format your references using the Advances in Cosmetic Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Cosmetic Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
I.M. Verma, Renato Dulbecco (1914-2012), Nature. 483 (2012) 408.
A journal article with 2 authors
C.R. O’Dell, L.K. Townsley, Astronomy. Orion continues to surprise, Science. 319 (2008) 289–290.
A journal article with 3 authors
A. Qvarnström, J.E. Brommer, L. Gustafsson, Testing the genetics underlying the co-evolution of mate choice and ornament in the wild, Nature. 441 (2006) 84–86.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
H. Yu, A.K. Tieu, C. Lu, X. Liu, A. Godbole, H. Li, C. Kong, Q. Qin, A deformation mechanism of hard metal surrounded by soft metal during roll forming, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 5017.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
C.A. Charalambides, Discrete q-Distributions, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ, 2016.
An edited book
T. Meier, Coherent Semiconductor Optics: From Basic Concepts to Nanostructure Applications, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
D. Chebanov, On the Problem of Similar Motions of a Chain of Coupled Heavy Rigid Bodies, in: J. Bélair, I.A. Frigaard, H. Kunze, R. Makarov, R. Melnik, R.J. Spiteri (Eds.), Mathematical and Computational Approaches in Advancing Modern Science and Engineering, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016: pp. 47–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Cosmetic Surgery.

Blog post
E. Andrew, 5 Ways Social Media Is Changing Your Brain, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Status of Bureau of Prisons’ Year 2000 Efforts, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K.S. Dillon, Social support to families of children with special needs: A grant, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Wagner, Reconditioned Harvey Impresses in Winning Return for the Mets, New York Times. (2017) B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Cosmetic Surgery
ISSN (print)2542-4327

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