How to format your references using the Advances in Cosmetic Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Cosmetic Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R.W. Carlson, Planetary science: A new recipe for Earth formation, Nature. 520 (2015) 299–300.
A journal article with 2 authors
S.M. Palmer, C.T. Driscoll, Acidic deposition: decline in mobilization of toxic aluminium, Nature. 417 (2002) 242–243.
A journal article with 3 authors
G. Baldini, F. Cannone, G. Chirico, Pre-unfolding resonant oscillations of single green fluorescent protein molecules, Science. 309 (2005) 1096–1100.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
D. Naskar, S. Nayak, T. Dey, S.C. Kundu, Non-mulberry silk fibroin influence osteogenesis and osteoblast-macrophage cross talk on titanium based surface, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 4745.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. Samuels, The Trader’s Pendulum, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ, 2015.
An edited book
M. Fortis, The Automatic Packaging Machinery Sector in Italy and Germany, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
M.U.H. Joardder, A. Karim, C. Kumar, R.J. Brown, Factors Affecting Porosity, in: A. Karim, C. Kumar, R.J. Brown (Eds.), Porosity: Establishing the Relationship between Drying Parameters and Dried Food Quality, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016: pp. 25–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Cosmetic Surgery.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Studying Down Syndrome Might Help Us Understand Alzheimer’s Disease Better, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Technology Transfer and Innovation Can Help Cities Identify Problems and Solutions, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1975.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
E.C. Jekanowski, District Leadership and Systemic Inclusion: A Case Study of One Inclusive and Effective School District, Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Johnson, Still Dreaming of Little Green Men, New York Times. (2016) SR3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Cosmetic Surgery
ISSN (print)2542-4327

Other styles