How to format your references using the Advances in Complex Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Complex Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rodriguez, I., Neurobiology: To care or not to care, Nature 509 (2014) 294–296.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shimamoto, T., and Togo, T., Geophysics. Earthquakes in the lab, Science 338 (2012) 54–55.
A journal article with 3 authors
Grbic, A., Jiang, L., and Merlin, R., Near-field plates: subdiffraction focusing with patterned surfaces, Science 320 (2008) 511–513.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Tsatourian, V., Sergeyev, S. V., Mou, C., Rozhin, A., Mikhailov, V., Rabin, B., et al., Polarisation dynamics of vector soliton molecules in mode locked fibre laser, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 3154.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stavroudis, O. N., The Mathematics of Geometrical and Physical Optics, (Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG, 2006).
An edited book
Bennetzen, J. L., and Hake, S. (Eds.), Handbook of Maize: Genetics and Genomics, (Springer, New York, NY, 2009).
A chapter in an edited book
De Marsico, M., Distasi, R., Nappi, M., and Riccio, D., Multiple Traits for People Identification, in Intelligent Multimedia Analysis for Security Applications, eds. Sencar, H. T., Velastin, S., Nikolaidis, N., and Lian, S., (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010), pp. 79–95.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Complex Systems.

Blog post
Luntz, S., Plankton That Turns Water Into Jelly Pollutes Canadian Lakes, IFLScience (2014).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Smartphone Data: Information and Issues Regarding Surreptitious Tracking Apps That Can Facilitate Stalking, (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2016).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fu, J., Tartuffe Lab: A developing work, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, (2013).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J., Already Loaded With Talent, Cubs May Get a Slugger Back From an Injury, New York Times (2016) B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2,4].
This sentence cites four references [4–6,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Complex Systems
AbbreviationAdv. Complex Syst.
ISSN (print)0219-5259
ISSN (online)1793-6802
ScopeControl and Systems Engineering

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