How to format your references using the Advances in Complex Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Complex Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tredicucci, A., Physics. Marriage of two device concepts, Science 302 (2003) 1346–1347.
A journal article with 2 authors
Youle, R. J., and van der Bliek, A. M., Mitochondrial fission, fusion, and stress, Science 337 (2012) 1062–1065.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rignot, E., Mouginot, J., and Scheuchl, B., Ice flow of the Antarctic ice sheet, Science 333 (2011) 1427–1430.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Taylor, S. S., Hardwick, K. G., Sawin, K. E., Biggins, S., Piatti, S., Khodjakov, A., et al., Comment on “A centrosome-independent role for gamma-TuRC proteins in the spindle assembly checkpoint,” Science 316 (2007) 982; author reply 982.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Denham, B. E., Categorical Statistics for Communication Research, (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2016).
An edited book
Naidu, G. V. C., Chen, M., and Narayanan, R. (Eds.), India and China in the Emerging Dynamics of East Asia, (Springer India, New Delhi, 2015).
A chapter in an edited book
Lobnik, A., ABSORPTION-BASED SENSORS, in Optical Chemical Sensors, eds. Baldini, F., Chester, A. N., Homola, J., and Martellucci, S., (Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2006), pp. 77–98.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Complex Systems.

Blog post
Andrew, E., Scientists Create Artificial Neuron that Functions Like the Real Thing, IFLScience (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Questionable Need for All Schools Planned by the Bureau of Indian Affairs, (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1978).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McNamee, L., Best Practices in Higher Education Faculty Motivation, Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, (2017).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J., A Chance to Be Reborn After Years Behind Bars, New York Times (2016) C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2,4].
This sentence cites four references [4,6–8].

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Complex Systems
AbbreviationAdv. Complex Syst.
ISSN (print)0219-5259
ISSN (online)1793-6802
ScopeControl and Systems Engineering

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