How to format your references using the Advances in Complex Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Complex Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jokipii, J. R., Astronomy. Our interstellar neighborhood, Science 307 (2005) 1424–1425.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jordan, K. D., and Johnson, M. A., Chemistry. Downsizing the hydrated electron’s lair, Science 329 (2010) 42–43.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gadalla, M. N., Abdel-Rahman, M., and Shamim, A., Design, optimization and fabrication of a 28.3 THz nano-rectenna for infrared detection and rectification, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 4270.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ferretti, F., Osio, G. C., Jenkins, C. J., Rosenberg, A. A., and Lotze, H. K., Long-term change in a meso-predator community in response to prolonged and heterogeneous human impact, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 1057.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Madden, B. J., Wealth Creation, (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2010).
An edited book
Paulsen, K. D., Alternative Breast Imaging: Four Model-Based Approaches, (Springer US, Boston, MA, 2005).
A chapter in an edited book
Putterman, A. M., Cheek–Midface Lift, in Midfacial Rejuvenation, eds. Hartstein, M. E., Wulc, A. E., and Holck, D. E. E., (Springer, New York, NY, 2012), pp. 49–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Complex Systems.

Blog post
Luntz, S., Athletes Play Sports Better When Reminded They’re Going To Die One Day, IFLScience (2016).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Environmental Satellites: Improvements Needed in NOAA’s Mitigation Strategies as It Prepares for Potential Satellite Coverage Gaps, (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2015).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Papp, T. M., CrashAppTM–Concurrent Multiple Stakeholder Evaluation of a DSR Artefact, Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida, (2017).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Davey, M., and Walsh, M. W., Chicago Sees Pension Crisis Drawing Near, New York Times (2013) A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2,4].
This sentence cites four references [5–8].

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Complex Systems
AbbreviationAdv. Complex Syst.
ISSN (print)0219-5259
ISSN (online)1793-6802
ScopeControl and Systems Engineering

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