How to format your references using the Proceedings of the Royal Society A citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Proceedings of the Royal Society A. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Schreiber SJ. 2011 Ecology. Mathematical Dances with wolves. Science 334, 1214–1215.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Wang X, Zhou Z. 2004 Palaeontology: pterosaur embryo from the Early Cretaceous. Nature 429, 621.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Stracker TH, Carson CT, Weitzman MD. 2002 Adenovirus oncoproteins inactivate the Mre11-Rad50-NBS1 DNA repair complex. Nature 418, 348–352.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
1.
Ney A, Pampuch C, Koch R, Ploog KH. 2003 Programmable computing with a single magnetoresistive element. Nature 425, 485–487.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Pines JM, Carpenter CR, Raja AS, Schuur JD. 2012 Evidence-Based Emergency Care. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
1.
Gan Z. 2011 Visual Sensing and its Applications: Integration of Laser Sensors to Industrial Robots. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Bosso N, Spiryagin M, Gugliotta A, Somà A. 2013 Contact Model. In Mechatronic Modeling of Real-Time Wheel-Rail Contact (eds M Spiryagin, A Gugliotta, A Somà), pp. 55–71. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Proceedings of the Royal Society A.

Blog post
1.
Davis J. 2015 Arsenic In American Red Wine Exceeds Legal Levels For Drinking Water. IFLScience. See https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/american-red-wine-found-have-higher-levels-arsenic-legally-allowed-drinking/ (accessed on 30 October 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. 1973 Expenditures for Public Affairs Activities.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Goshin LS. 2010 Behavior Problems and Competence in Preschoolers Who Spent Their First One to Eighteen Months in a Prison Nursery Program. Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University, New York, NY.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Koblin J. 2017 President’s First Days Keep Networks’ Ratings Strong. New York Times, 31 January. , B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleProceedings of the Royal Society A
AbbreviationProc. Math. Phys. Eng. Sci.
ISSN (print)1364-5021
ISSN (online)1471-2946
ScopeGeneral Engineering
General Mathematics
General Physics and Astronomy

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